How Nehru treated Patel’s family after Sardar’s death ?


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These anecdotes are from Verghese Kurien’s memoirs

Maniben Patel,Sardar Patel’s daughter, was a woman of tremendous honesty and loyalty.She told me that when Sardar Patel passed way, she picked up a book and a bag that belonged to him and went to meet Jawaharlal Nehru in Delhi.She handed them to Nehru, telling him hat her father had instructed her that when she died she should give these items to Nehru and no one else.The bag contained Rs 35 Lakh that belonged to the Congress Party and the book was the party’s book of accounts.Nehru took them and thanked her.Maniben waited expectantly, hoping he would say something more,but he did not, so she got up and left.
I asked her what she had expected Nehru to say to her. ‘I thought he might ask me how I would manage now, or atleast ask if there was anything he could do to help me.But he never asked.’ she explained.She was extremely disheartened and in a way the incident revealed the strain in the Nehru-Sardar Patel relationship.It was quite distressing to see that neither Nehru nor any of the other national leaders of the Congress ever bothered to find out what happened to Maniben after her father died.”
“After all the sacrifices that Sardar Patel made for the nation, it was very sad that the nation did nothing for his daughter.In her later years,when her eyesight weakened,she would walk unaided down the streets of Ahmedabad,often stumble and fall until some passerby helped her up.When she was dying, the Chief Minister of Gujarat, Chimanbhai Patel,came to her bedside with a photographer.He stood behind her bed and instructed him to take a picture.The photograph was published in  all the newspapers the next day.With a little effort,they could so easily have made her last years  comfortable”
 
What an amazing contrast in fortunes of Nehru’s family and Sardar Patel’s family !!!

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Beautiful Beaches around the World


Beautiful Beaches on Every Continent

 

 

 

 

 

AustraliaWhitehaven Beach, Queensland
Australia’s world famous Whitehaven Beach is located on North Queensland’s Whitsunday Island. The majestic white sands are actually made up of tiny bits of coral from the Great Barrier Reef, after millions of years of being turned and crushed by the blue, gentle ocean waves. Since it’s located so close to Australia’s coast, the island is a popular day trip and easily accessible.

Africa – Beaches of Mauritius
The African island nation of Mauritius has so many beautiful beaches, it was impossible to pick just one. A coral reef surrounds the islands, making for some amazing snorkeling. You may also recall that the island was the only known home of the famously extinct Dodo bird, which met its demise shortly after European settlers discovered it.

Asia – Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia
If Bali is known for anything, it’s the beaches. Lined with resorts and popular with tourists, Sanur Beach has a well deserved reputation of being one of the world’s most beautiful. The surf here is gentler than at other beaches on the island, and the surrounding beach town is mellow, laid back and exactly what you’d expect from paradise. Lounging under a palm tree here will quickly make you forget all your troubles.

North America – Bahias de Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico
Located in the largest ecological reserve designated by the Mexican government, is the Bahias de Huatulco, which includes 35km of coastline, 10 bays and 35 beaches. While many of the beaches are secluded, there is also a local infrastructure in place for travelers.. Because so many of the beaches are hard to reach, you’ll be able to cozy in to your own romantic nook far away from the ’spring break’ crowds and noise common in Mexico’s more populous beaches.

South America – Praia do Rosa, Brazil
In a land of beautiful beaches, Praia do Rosa is one of Brazil’s best. Nestled within a crescent-shaped bay, this beach has it all: sand dunes, surfing, beautiful people, charming bungalow getaways, and you can even catch a glimpse here of southern right whales making their seasonal migration, from July to November.

Europe – Navagio Beach, Zakynthos, Greece
Perhaps more famously known as “Shipwreck Beach” or “Smuggler’s Cove”, this breathtaking white-sands spot might symbolize the Greek Islands better than anywhere. The shipwreck is the suspected remains of the smuggler ship Panagiotis, which would be ghostly or ominous if we couldn’t imagine a better place to shipwreck.

Antarctica – Deception Island Beach
We know Antarctica isn’t exactly a continent known for its beaches, but you might be surprised. Most notable is Deception Island, which is actually a half-submerged, active volcano caldera. It may be hard to believe, but thanks to that volcano, it’s actually warm enough to swim in the island’s bay. Yes, even in Antarctica. The island also features several hot springs, like those featured above. Try swimming with the penguins– in a bathing suit!

 

Who discovered America ?


 

Subject: WHO DISCOVERED AMERICA?

Subject: WHO DISCOVERED AMERICA?

by Ricardo Palleres

What if Europe was really in darkness in comparison to the Far East and India that Columbus set sail to find? What if the popular idea that the Tibetans and the American Indians have much in common in terms of their spiritual culture is largely a result of another historical scenario? What if Hindus and Hopis, Advaitins and Aztecs, Tibetan monks and Mayans were part of one world culture — a spiritual one?

It very well may come to pass in the near future that those concerned with truth will wrestle primarily with history rather than science. The obvious reason for this is that, in the words of Dr. Wilfred Cantwell Smith, author ofTheology and the World’s Religious History, “Humanity is more important than things. The truth about humanity is of a higher order than the truth about things.”1

History tells an intriguing tale, one that ultimately may provide the greatest support for a spiritual worldview. But history has also been distorted. An example of this is the “common knowledge” that Columbus discovered America. Some say he didn’t, nor were any other Europeans the first to touch America’s shores. There is good reason to reexamine the history of the world and the Americas in particular. An unbiased look into the development of our planet’s civilizations may help to bring about a change in values, a shift from material values to spiritual ones.

What if Europe was really in darkness in comparison to the Far East and India that Columbus set sail to find? What if the popular idea that the Tibetans and the American Indians have much in common in terms of their spiritual culture is largely a result of another historical scenario? What if Hindus and Hopis, Advaitins and Aztecs, Tibetan monks and Mayans were part of one world culture — a spiritual one? Perhaps the development of Western civilization and the Protestant ethic, which many of the West are now coming to abhor, have gotten in the way of the spiritual development of humanity. Perhaps many technological developments, while making physical contact with other cultures more possible, have distanced us from one another in a deeper sense. Another historical scenario: The spiritually sophisticated Asians were the first to set foot on Western shores, and Asia, not Europe, was the seat of culture. The central focus of that culture was genuine spiritual development, not the mere shadow of the same in the form of the politically-motivated Pauline Christianity and later the Protestant ethic, which licensed humankind’s exploitation of nature.

This theory is found in the Vedic literature of India. The ancient Puranas(literally, histories) and the Mahabharata make mention of the Americas as lands rich with gold and silver. Argentina, which means ‘related to silver,’ is thought to have been named after Arjuna (of silver hue), one of the heroes of that great epic. India’s Puranic histories are, however, questionable to the rationalist. In the minds of the empiricists, they are more akin to myths. Yet myths have meaning, as the late Joseph Campbell has reminded us. ThePuranas downplay in particular the mere recording of mundane events. The Puranic view is that even if its histories are only myths (which is not necessarily the case), the lessons to be learned from them are infinitely more valuable than what can be learned from recording the coming and going of humanity. In their view, only those human events that serve to promote transcendental knowledge are worth recording. Although empiricists are justified in dismissing them from their viewpoint, the so-called myths and their followers are also justified in dismissing the empiricist’s insistence that empirical evidence is final.

Granted, India has shown some lacking in her ability to record her story. But that is due to her preoccupation with the transcendent, the suprahistorical, and not to any ineptitude on her part. According to Kana Mitra in her article “Theologizing Through History?” We [Hindus] tend to forget about history, and the de-emphasis of nama-rupa — name and form [due to transcendent preoccupation] — is one of the reasons for not putting down a name or date in many of our writings. Consequently present-day historians have a difficult time in determining the date and authorship of various works.”2

Fortunately, for dealing with the “I’ll only believe it if I can see it” mentality of the empiricist, there is considerable hard evidence and academic support for the Vedic theory that most people are unaware of. Unbiased consideration of this remarkable evidence may move modern-day rationalists to give serious thought to the more realistic spiritual outlook of “Only if you believe it can you see it.” After all, reality is a living thing and it may reserve the right not to show itself but to those to whom it so chooses. Otherwise, why are we in illusion, or in search of reality? If it is something we can attain by our own prowess, how did we get here (in doubt) in the first place?

The meeting (1519) of Hernan Cortes and the Aztec emperor Montezuma II is depicted in this 17th century Spanish painting. (British Embassy, Mexico City). Unfortunately, the American Indians did not survive their cultural exchange with Europe. The Europeans, through book burning and bayonet, successfully “converted” them leaving very little trace of their noble civilization.

Many historians have scrutinized historical evidence to find more insight into the marvelous cultures that populated the American continent before Christopher Columbus was born. Their thirst for research was based on the assumption that the great Mayan, Aztec, and Incan civilizations could not have appeared all of a sudden in the Western world. Rather, they must have received strong influence from ancient Eastern cultures, mainly from India.

Alexander von Humbolt (1769-1859), an eminent European scholar and anthropologist, was one of the first to postulate the Asiatic origin of the Indian civilizations of the Americas. His and other scholars’ views formed the basis for the “diffusionist” argument, which was opposed by the “isolationist” viewpoint. Diffusionists believe that the world’s civilizations are a result of social contact (civilized man meets uncivilized man). Isolationists believe that civilizations cropped up all over the earth without physical contact with one another.

The Aztec Calendar is known as the Aztec Chakra to Hindu Astronomers. (National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico.)

“The doctrine of the world’s ages (Hindu Yugas) was imported into Pre-Columbian America… The Mexican sequence is identical with the Hindus… The essential fact remains that they were derived from a common source… It would be ridiculous to assert that such a strange doctrine was of spontaneous origin in different parts of old and new worlds.” — Mackenzie, Myths of Pre-Columbian America.

It is readily accepted that some twenty thousand years ago primitive Asians crossed the Bering Strait into North America and gradually moved south all the way to Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Diffusionists maintained that after this occurred civilized Asiatic people distributed themselves via the Pacific, thereby bringing civilization to the Americas. Isolationists insisted that after the nomadic tribes crossed the Bering Strait, a homogeneous race of “Indians of the Americas” was formed, and the American tribespeople then went about reinventing all culture, duplicating in two thousand years what originally took about six millenniums in the Old World.

Henry Charlton Bastian, author of The Evolution of Life (1907), presented the concept of physicochemical evolution, which gave strength to the isolationists. His theory advocated that the development of civilized man was a result of “a psychic unity of mankind,” rather than social contact. Bastian’s theory of elementargedanke influenced many anthropologists, and today, although the theory is not accepted, it is tacitly acknowledged as far as the conformities between America and Old World civilizations are concerned.3

This pseudo-evolutionist theory leaves much to be desired, and its unspoken acceptance casts doubt on the credibility of the anthropologists. After all, doesn’t it tax our credulity when we are asked to believe that a whole series of complicated techniques like casting by the lost wax method, the alloying of copper and tin, the coloring of gold by chemical processes, weaving, and tie-dyeing and batik were by some miracle invented twice, once in the Old World and again from scratch in the Americas? What mysterious psychological law would have caused Asians and Americans to both use the umbrella as a sign of royalty, to invent the same games, imagine similar cosmologies, and attribute the same colors to the different directions?

No archeologist today would attribute to prehistoric Europeans the independent invention of bronze casting, iron work, the wheel, weaving, pottery, writing, and so many other cultural elements that were derived from the Middle East. Similarly, the industrial developments in Britain were introduced from elsewhere within the European continent, not developed independently. What then would cause one to insist that what was not possible for the Europeans (duplicating culture independently) was possible for the American Indians? Especially when at the same time we are taught that the Europeans were of superior stock!

It was in 1949 that these opposing views met head-on at the Congress of the Americanists held in New York, which was sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History. At that time, the diffusionists presented an overwhelming mass of Asiatic-Pacific-American parallels. Nonetheless, much of the diffusionists’ evidence continues to be ignored, and the isolationist view is more widely accepted. The reason for this may be more than empirical evidence or lack of the same. Indeed, it may be the faulty nature of the empirical approach, which depends on one’s imperfect senses and causes one to dismiss facts that do not conform with the prevailing worldview.

The Aryan civilization of India is a logical choice for the beginning of the diffusion of our planet’s civilization. American historian Will Durant, in his book Our Oriental Heritage, described India as the most ancient civilization on earth, and he offered many examples of Indian culture throughout the world. He demonstrated that as early as the ninth century b.c.e. Indians were exploring the sea routes, reaching out and extending their cultural influence to Mesapotamia, Arabia, and Egypt.

“Europe, after Guttenburg’s invention of the printing press, wasted no time in announcing the discovery of the New World. It was at this time that European historians began to present to the rest of the world that their land was the center of culture and civilization.”

Although modern-day historians and anthropologists might prefer to accept Egypt or Babylon as the most ancient civilization, due to various archeological findings, their theories are by no means conclusive. The popular theory in the academic community that the Aryans were an Indo-European stock, who spoke an unknown pre-Sanskrit language and only later invaded India subsequently occupying her, is also considerably lacking in supportive evidence. Indeed, there is very little evidence whatsoever for the postulated Aryan invasion of India. But perhaps it is easier for modern people to accept ancient Egypt and Babylon, whose ancient civilizations have no living representation and thereby do not pose any challenge to the status quo.

But India is alive and kicking. Prominent traces of ancient Vedic civilization can still be found today not only in India but outside her borders as well. The life science of ayurveda, yoga and meditation, and Sanskrit texts translated into modern languages are all prominent examples. If we recognize ancient India as a civilized spiritual giant, we will have to reckon with her modern-day representations. It is altogether possible that the Vedic theory, if thoroughly researched, poses a threat to many of the concepts of modern civilization and the current worldview, as can be seen by the fact that the Vedic literature and spiritual ideology loomed as the greatest threat to the British in their imperialistic conquest of India.

The Aryans’ footprints are found throughout neighboring Southeast Asia. They were skilled navigators and pioneers of many cultural developments. According to several sources, these Aryans ruled in Java, Bali, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam, Annan, Burma, and Thailand until the fourteenth century. Even today, the kings of Thailand bear the title Ramaafter the Indian Ramraja (the perfect kingdom said to have been governed by the incarnation of Godhead Ramachandra). And the story of Ramayana is depicted on the palace walls in Bangkok.

Cambodia, the ancient Kamboja, boasts the largest temple complex in the world, named Ankor, from the Sanskrit language meaning “the capital city.” It was built in the ninth century c.e. in honor of the Hindu god Vishnu. The complex extends over an area more than twice the size of Manhattan and took thirty-seven years to complete. Its physical and spiritual grandeur is found elsewhere only in ancient Greece, Egypt, and among the Mayan and Aztec civilizations. Cambodia’s principle river is today called Me Kong, which some scholars say is derived from India’s Ma Ganga (Mother Ganges).

Vietnam, once called Champa, figures prominently as a stepping-stone in the story of India’s cultural expansion to the Americas. Furthermore, the Hindu state of Java was founded by the king of Kalinga (Orissa) in the first century c.e. Java is said to be the ancient Yava-Dveepa mentioned in the Ramayanaand other Sanskrit texts. The Indonesian national flag flies the symbol of Garuda, the bird carrier of Vishnu. Garuda is also the national symbol of that country.

In 1949, two scholars, Gordon Ekholm and Chaman Lal, systematically compared the Mayan, Aztec, Incan, and North American Indian civilizations with the Hindu-oriented countries of Southeast Asia and with India herself. According to them, the emigrant cultures of India took with them India’s system of time measurement, local gods, and customs. Ekholm and Lal found signs of Aryan civilization throughout the Americas in art (lotus flowers with knotted stems and half-dragon/half-fish motifs found commonly in paintings and carvings), architecture, calendars, astronomy, religious symbols, and even games such as our Parcheesi and Mexican patolli, which have their origins in India’s pachisi.

Both the Hindus and the Americans used similar items in their worship rituals. They both maintained the concept of four yuga cycles, or cosmological seasons, extending over thousands of years, and conceived of twelve constellations with reference to the Sun as indicated by the Incan sun calendar. Royal insignias, systems of government, and practice of religious dance and temple worship all showed remarkable similarities, pointing strongly to the idea that the Americas were strongly influenced by the Aryans.

The temples of India (pict. 1-2) are built according to the ancient Vedic architectural science. There are striking similarities between Mayan temples and those in India. Pict. 3-4: Two Mayan temples from Palenque, Mexico and Central America.

Another scholar, Ramon Mena, author of Mexican Archeology, called the Nahuatl, Zapoteca, and Mayan languages “of Hindu origin.” He went on to say, “A deep mystery enfolds the tribes that inhabited the state of Chiapas in the district named Palenque. . . . Their writing, and the anthropological type, as well as their personal adornments . . . their system and style of construction clearly indicate the remotest antiquity. . . . [they] all speak of India and the Orient.”4 Still another scholar, Ambassador Poindexter, in his two-volume 1930s treatise The Arya-Incas, called the Mayan civilization “unquestionably Hindu.”      

The Aztec culture in particular shows a striking resemblance to that of India. Aztecs divided their society into four divisions of both labor and spiritual status, as did the Hindus. In India, this system of government was known asvarnashrama, or the division of society based on body types and mental dispositions resulting from past karma. As in Indian civilization, the Aztecs maintained a God-centered government in which people were employed in accordance with their natural karmic tendencies. The results of the labor of all the priests, administrators, mercantilists, and laborers were for the glorification of Godhead, who in turn was thought to provide for humankind.

Aztec boys were sent to school at the age of five, at which time they were put under the care of a priest and trained in various duties of temple life. The Aztec system of education bears a striking resemblance to the Indian system of gurukula, in which boys were sent to the care of a guru for spiritual and practical education. The Mayans and Incas had a similar approach to education, which was mainly a training for priestly service. Fanny Bandelier’s translation of Sahagun’s History of Ancient Mexico describes that the intellectually inclined boys were trained as “ministers to the idols.”

Girls were educated in the domestic arts at home and did not mingle with young boys. Even as late as the 1930s, there was no courtship between Mexican Indian girls and boys, as is still the case in village life in India today. From conception to education, marriage, death, cremation, and even the observance of the sati rite, there are overwhelming parallels between Indian society and the Americas. Further evidence of cultural ties between the East and West is found in the statues of American gods who show a striking resemblance to the Hindu deities of Hanuman, Shiva, Indra, Vishnu and others. Such statues have been found throughout the Americas, and many of them can be seen today in museums in Central America.

The Mexican Indians and the Incas of Peru were primarily vegetarians. They were of high moral character and hospitable and generous as a habit. They practiced astrology, and mental telepathy was common among them. It was perhaps their peace-loving disposition that, like the Hindus, allowed them to be ruled by Europeans. Unfortunately, the American Indians did not survive their cultural exchange with Europe. The Europeans, through book burning and bayonet, successfully “converted” them, leaving very little trace of their noble civilization.

And what about Europe? When merchants sailing from India brought delicious spices, aromatic perfumes, incense, fine silk, precious stones set in delicate and rare jewelry, complex craftsmanship of ivory, and many other goods never seen before by Europeans, the riches and mystique of that land captivated them. The stories told by many navigators about that land of wonder, where the palaces were built of varieties of marble rather than rush stone, decorated with beautiful sculptures and wooden inlay, made the Queen of Spain so covetous that she provided Christopher Columbus with all necessities for his famous journey. Columbus had heard of India’s riches through the writings of Marco Polo. Polo had written that India “was the richest and noblest country of the world.”5

Europe, after Guttenburg’s invention of the printing press, wasted no time in announcing the discovery of the New World. It was at this time that European historians began to present to the rest of the world that their land was the center of culture and civilization. In comparison to Indian society, however, the Europeans were rather crude. The ominous age of the Inquisition, with its persecution and fanaticism, the use of mechanical devices to insure the “chastity” of its women, the exploitation of the serfs, and self-destructive habits, such as indiscriminate eating and alcoholism within the higher classes, are all evidence of this. The original Palace of Versailles in Paris, although certainly a unique architectural creation requiring genius, was built without a single bathroom. Louis XIV and his court are said to have evacuated behind curtains, cleaning themselves with the same. The king was in the habit of substituting soap with Indian perfume and waited until his thirty-fifth birthday before he took his first complete bath.

When Europe was still uncivilized, Indian culture, as well as American culture, was highly advanced. When Europeans were still cave dwellers and nomads wandering from place to place subsisting through hunting, some American peoples were plowing fields and baking bread and dressing in cotton, the seeds for which came from India. The subtlety of Indian society, both eastern and western, marks its superiority to Europe. It was a subtlety of spiritual outlook that Europeans failed to appreciate.

The Dresden Codex, one of the few Mayan hieroglyphic manuscripts that survived the book-burnings by Spanish invaders, documents astronomical calculations of the planed Venus. Large numbers of codices were compiled by the Mayan priests to record religious rites and astronomical facts. (Sachsische Landesbibliothek, Dresden, East Germany.)

The industrial revolution of Europe was prompted by India’s cotton, which competed with European wool. Later when the popularity of cotton products imported from India increased, the Europeans began to manufacture cotton in mills. Thus it was even an Indian resource that prompted Europe’s claim to fame — the beginning of modern technology.

It is altogether possible that the Vedic theory, if thoroughly researched, poses a threat to many of the concepts of modern civilization and the current worldview.

Several ancient cultures of the Americas were more spiritually attuned than the Europeans. They also lived with great regard for nature. Many people today are searching out the spirituality of the Americas, a spirituality that was lacking in Europe and is now lacking throughout the world. The Christ’s teachings were most certainly tainted with misunderstanding of that great savior’s message of love. And he too is said to have been influenced by India’s spirituality. His appearance in the world for that matter is mentioned in India’s Bavishya Purana long before the virgin birth took place.

The theory that India, Mother India, is the earthly source of spirituality can be to some extent supported by the fact that India is still today the most religious country in the world, with a theology that dates back to antiquity. The idea that she is the source of civilization as well, although supporting evidence is available, will ultimately require that modern man reevaluate what constitutes civilization before it gains wider acceptance.

 

Notes

1. Wilfred Cantwell Smith,”Theology of the World’s Religious History,” Toward a Universal Theology of Religion, Orbis Books, Maryknoll, N.Y. (1987) p.69.

2. Kana Mitra, “Theologizing Through History?” Toward a Universal Theology of Religion, Orbis Books, Maryknoll, N.Y. (1987), p.82.

3. Dr. Robert Heine Geldern, “Challenge to Isolationists,” Hindu America,Chaman Lal, Zodiac Press, New Delhi, (1940) Introduction p.vii.

4. Ibid., p. 14.    

5. Marco Polo, The Travels of Marco Polo (The Venitian), revised from Marsden’s translation and edited with introduction by Manuel Komroff, Livright Pub, (1956) p.201.

 

Further References

William Mccgillivray, The Travells and Research of Alexander von Humbolt,Harper Bros. N.Y. (1872).

Henry Charles Bastian, The Evolution of Life. E.P. Dutton & Co. N.Y. (1907).

Gordon Ekholm, Excavations At Sinaloa, American Museum of Natural History, N.Y. (1942).

Gordon Ekholm, Excavations at Lampico and Panuco in the Hausteca,American Museum of Natural History N.Y. (1944).

Reprinted from Clarion Call Magazine (1988) with permission.

 

Navaratri is a call for spiritual awakening


Nava-raatri is a call for spiritual awakening

October 5, 2013 | By  | Filed Under Letters

 

DEAR EDITOR,
Hindus are currently observing one of our very and perhaps most sacred and auspicious festivals—Nava-raatri. In its literal sense, it is nine nights of worship, prayer, introspection and scriptural recommitment.
Religious observances, traditional worship have, at times, more than one significance.
Apart from them being the adoration of the Divine, they are commemorative of thrilling bygone events, allegoric when interpreted from the occult standpoint, and are significant pointers guiding man on the path of God-Realization.
Nava-raatri is one such event. Outwardly, the nine days of worship are featured with wide performances of ritualistic worship. It is dedicated to worship of God as Mother—the feminine aspect in three prominent names, viz, Durgaa, Lakshmee and Saraswatee.
However, underlying all outward engagements during this occasion, there must be a more sublime and profound inward transformation of life, that every spiritual aspirant seeks to undergo. This deeper purpose of Nava-raatri is captured in its division of three sets of three nights each, to which the spiritual aspirant in his life of spiritual pursuits adore the different aspects of the Supreme Goddess. This has got a very sublime, yet thoroughly practical, truth to reveal. In its cosmic aspect, it epitomizes the stages of the evolution of man into God, from manhood to Godhood. In its individual import, it shows the course that his spiritual pursuits should take.
The central purpose of existence is to recognize your eternal identity with the Supreme Spirit. It is to grow into the image of the Divine. The Supreme One embodies the highest perfection. It is spotless purity, “Niranjana”. To recognize your identity with That, to attain union with That, is verily to grow into the very likeness of the Divine.
The spiritual seeker has, therefore, as the initial step, to get rid of the countless impurities and the un-divine elements that have come to cling to him in his embodied state. This transformation is to be had during the first three nights (first segment of Nava-raatri), where the Supreme is worshipped as Mother Durgaa. Then he has to acquire lofty virtues and auspicious divine qualities. This happens in the second three nights of the season, wherein the Goddess as Lakshmee is adored. Thus purified and rendered full of purity and goodness, Knowledge flashes upon him like the brilliant rays of the sun upon the crystal waters of a perfectly calm lake. This is to be had in the final section of Nava-raatri in which Saraswatee is worshipped.
This arrangement has also a special significance in the aspirant’s spiritual evolution. It marks the stages of evolution which are indispensable for every seeker of spirituality, through which everyone should pass. One naturally leads to the other, and to short-circuit this would inevitably result in a miserable failure. Nowadays, many ignorant spiritual seekers aim straight at the appropriation of Knowledge without the preliminaries of purification and acquisition of divine qualities, and complain that they are not progressing in the path. How can they? Knowledge will not descend till the impurities are washed out and purity is developed. The pure and good plant can grow on no impure soil.
Therefore, Nava-raatri if observed as pointed out above brings man to realize his higher self and to feel the Supreme Spirit within— all of which helps in the journey of realizing the Ultimate Goal—to merge with the Supreme. There are two birds on the same tree. One is perched at the top and the other below. The bird which is sitting on the top is perfectly serene, silent and majestic at all times. It is ever blissful. The other bird, which is perching on the lower branches, eats the sweet and bitter fruits by turns. It dances in joy sometimes. It is miserable at other times. It rejoices now and weeps after some time. Sometimes it tastes an extremely bitter fruit and gets disgusted. It looks up and beholds the other wonderful bird with golden plumage which is ever blissful.
It also wishes to become like the bird with golden plumage, but soon forgets everything. Again it begins to eat the sweet and bitter fruits. It eats another fruit that is exceedingly bitter and feels very miserable. It again tries to become like the upper bird. Gradually, it abandons eating the fruits, and becomes serene and blissful like the upper bird.
The upper bird is God—the Supreme Spirit within. The lower bird is the individual who reaps the fruits of his deeds, viz., pleasure and pain. He gets knocks and blows in the battle of life. He rises up and again falls down as the senses drag him down. Gradually he develops dispassion and discrimination, turns his mind towards God, practices meditation, attains Self-realisation and enjoys the eternal bliss of God, which is the end goal of life. Nava-raatri must foster and help in meeting this end.
In essence, Nava-raatri is a call for spiritual awakening.
Pandit Charranlall Nandalall
Secretary of
Sanatan Vaidic Dharma Pandits’ Sabha, Region 3  

 

 

 

Why I Killed Gandhi by Nathuram Vinayak Godse- must read


this may be a repeat but read on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti

 

Subject: WHY I KILLED GANDHI by NATHURAM VINAYAK GODSE

Gandhiji’s assassin, Nathuram Godse’s Final Address to the Court.

WHY I KILLED GANDHI - Nathuram Godse's Final Address to the Court.WHY I KILLED GANDHI – Nathuram Godse’s Final Address to the Court.

Nathuram Godse was arrested immediately after he assassinated Gandhiji, based on a F. I. R. filed by Nandlal Mehta at the Tughlak Road Police staton at Delhi . The trial, which was held in camera, began on May 27, 1948 and concluded on February 10, 1949. He was sentenced to death.

An appeal to the Punjab High Court, then in session at Simla, did not find favour and the sentence was upheld. The statement that you are about to read is the last made by Godse before the Court on the May 5, 1949.

Such was the power and eloquence of this statement that one of the judges, G. D. Khosla, later wrote, “I have, however, no doubt that had the audience of that day been constituted into a jury and entrusted with the task of deciding Godse’s appeal, they would have brought a verdict of ‘not Guilty’ by an overwhelming majority”

WHY I KILLED GANDHI

Born in a devotional Brahmin family, I instinctively came to revere Hindu religion, Hindu history and Hindu culture. I had, therefore, been intensely proud of Hinduism as a whole. As I grew up I developed a tendency to free thinking unfettered by any superstitious allegiance to any isms, political or religious. That is why I worked actively for the eradication of untouchability and the caste system based on birth alone. I openly joined RSS wing of anti-caste movements and maintained that all Hindus were of equal status as to rights, social and religious and should be considered high or low on merit alone and not through the accident of birth in a particular caste or profession.

I used publicly to take part in organized anti-caste dinners in which thousands of Hindus, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Chamars and Bhangis participated. We broke the caste rules and dined in the company of each other. I have read the speeches and writings of Ravana, Chanakiya, Dadabhai Naoroji, Vivekanand, Gokhale, Tilak, along with the books of ancient and modern history of India and some prominent countries like England , France , America and Russia . Moreover I studied the tenets of Socialism and Marxism. But above all I studied very closely whatever Veer Savarkar and Gandhiji had written and spoken, as to my mind these two ideologies have contributed more to the moulding of the thought and action of the Indian people during the last thirty years or so, than any other single factor has done.

All this reading and thinking led me to believe it was my first duty to serve Hindudom and Hindus both as a patriot and as a world citizen. To secure the freedom and to safeguard the just interests of some thirty crores (300 million) of Hindus would automatically constitute the freedom and the well-being of all India , one fifth of human race. This conviction led me naturally to devote myself to the Hindu Sanghtanist ideology and programme, which alone, I came to believe, could win and preserve the national independence of Hindustan , my Motherland, and enable her to render true service to humanity as well.

Since the year 1920, that is, after the demise of Lokamanya Tilak, Gandhiji’s influence in the Congress first increased and then became supreme. His activities for public awakening were phenomenal in their intensity and were reinforced by the slogan of truth and non-violence which he paraded ostentatiously before the country. No sensible or enlightened person could object to those slogans. In fact there is nothing new or original in them.. They are implicit in every constitutional public movement. But it is nothing but a mere dream if you imagine that the bulk of mankind is, or can ever become, capable of scrupulous adherence to these lofty principles in its normal life from day to day.

In fact, honour, duty and love of one’s own kith and kin and country might often compel us to disregard non-violence and to use force. I could never conceive that an armed resistance to an aggression is unjust. I would consider it a religious and moral duty to resist and, if possible, to overpower such an enemy by use of force. [In the Ramayana] Rama killed Ravana in a tumultuous fight and relieved Sita.. [In the Mahabharata], Krishna killed Kansa to end his wickedness; and Arjuna had to fight and slay quite a number of his friends and relationsincluding the revered Bhishma because the latter was on the side of the aggressor. It is my firm belief that in dubbing Rama, Krishna and Arjuna as guilty of violence, the Mahatma betrayed a total ignorance of the springs of human action.
In more recent history, it was the heroic fight put up by Chhatrapati Shivaji that first checked and eventually destroyed the Muslim tyranny in India . It was absolutely essentially for Shivaji to overpower and kill an aggressive Afzal Khan, failing which he would have lost his own life. In condemning history’s towering warriors like Shivaji, Rana Pratap and Guru Gobind Singh as misguided patriots, Gandhiji has merely exposed his self-conceit. He was, paradoxical as it may appear, a violent pacifist who brought untold calamities on the country in the name of truth and non-violence, while Rana Pratap, Shivaji and the Guru will remain enshrined in the hearts of their countrymen for ever for the freedom they brought to them.

The accumulating provocation of thirty-two years, culminating in his last pro-Muslim fast, at last goaded me to the conclusion that the existence of Gandhi should be brought to an end immediately. Gandhi had done very good in South Africa to uphold the rights and well-being of the Indian community there. But when he finally returned to India he developed a subjective mentality under which he alone was to be the final judge of what was right or wrong. If the country wanted his leadership, it had to accept his infallibility; if it did not, he would stand aloof from the Congress and carry on his own way.

Against such an attitude there can be no halfway house. Either Congress had to surrender its will to his and had to be content with playing second fiddle to all his eccentricity, whimsicality, metaphysics and primitive vision, or it had to carry on without him. He alone was the Judge of everyone and every thing; he was the master brain guiding the civil disobedience movement; no other could know the technique of that movement. He alone knew when to begin and when to withdraw it. The movement might succeed or fail, it might bring untold disaster and political reverses but that could make no difference to the Mahatma’s infallibility. ‘A Satyagrahi can never fail’ was his formula for declaring his own infallibility and nobody except himself knew what a Satyagrahi is. Thus, the Mahatma became the judge and jury in his own cause. These childish insanities and obstinacies, coupled with a most severe austerity of life, ceaseless work and lofty character made Gandhi formidable and irresistible.

Many people thought that his politics were irrational but they had either to withdraw from the Congress or place their intelligence at his feet to do with as he liked. In a position of such absolute irresponsibility Gandhi was guilty of blunder after blunder, failure after failure, disaster after disaster. Gandhi’s pro-Muslim policy is blatantly in his perverse attitude on the question of the national language of India . It is quite obvious that Hindi has the most prior claim to be accepted as the premier language. In the beginning of his career in India , Gandhi gave a great impetus to Hindi but as he found that the Muslims did not like it, he became a champion of what is called Hindustani.. Everybody in India knows that there is no language called Hindustani; it has no grammar; it has no vocabulary. It is a mere dialect, it is spoken, but not written. It is a bastard tongue and cross-breed between Hindi and Urdu, and not even the Mahatma’s sophistry could make it popular. But in his desire to please the Muslims he insisted that Hindustani alone should be the national language of India . His blind followers, of course, supported him and the so-called hybrid language began to be used. The charm and purity of the Hindi language was to be prostituted to please the Muslims. All his experiments were at the expense of the Hindus.

From August 1946 onwards the private armies of the Muslim League began a massacre of the Hindus. The then Viceroy, Lord Wavell, though distressed at what was happening, would not use his powers under the Government of India Act of 1935 to prevent the rape, murder and arson. The Hindu blood began to flow from Bengal to Karachi with some retaliation by the Hindus. The Interim Government formed in September was sabotaged by its Muslim League members right from its inception, but the more they became disloyal and treasonable to the government of which they were a part, the greater was Gandhi’s infatuation for them. Lord Wavell had to resign as he could not bring about a settlement and he was succeeded by Lord Mountbatten. King Log was followed by King Stork. The Congress which had boasted of its nationalism and socialism secretly accepted Pakistan literally at the point of the bayonet and abjectly surrendered to Jinnah. India was vivisected and one-third of the Indian territory became foreign land to us from August 15, 1947.

Lord Mountbatten came to be described in Congress circles as the greatest Viceroy and Governor-General this country ever had. The official date for handing over power was fixed for June 30, 1948, but Mountbatten with his ruthless surgery gave us a gift of vivisected India ten months in advance. This is what Gandhi had achieved after thirty years of undisputed dictatorship and this is what Congress party calls ‘freedom’ and ‘peaceful transfer of power’. The Hindu-Muslim unity bubble was finally burst and a theocratic state was established with the consent of Nehru and his crowd and they have called ‘freedom won by them with sacrifice’ – whose sacrifice? When top leaders of Congress, with the consent of Gandhi, divided and tore the country – which we consider a deity of worship – my mind was filled with direful anger.

One of the conditions imposed by Gandhi for his breaking of the fast unto death related to the mosques in Delhi occupied by the Hindu refugees. But when Hindus in Pakistan were subjected to violent attacks he did not so much as utter a single word to protest and censure the Pakistan Government or the Muslims concerned. Gandhi was shrewd enough to know that while undertaking a fast unto death, had he imposed for its break some condition on the Muslims in Pakistan , there would have been found hardly any Muslims who could have shown some grief if the fast had ended in his death. It was for this reason that he purposely avoided imposing any condition on the Muslims. He was fully aware of from the experience that Jinnah was not at all perturbed or influenced by his fast and the Muslim League hardly attached any value to the inner voice of Gandhi.

Gandhi is being referred to as the Father of the Nation. But if that is so, he had failed his paternal duty inasmuch as he has acted very treacherously to the nation by his consenting to the partitioning of it. I stoutly maintain that Gandhi has failed in his duty. He has proved to be the Father of Pakistan. His inner-voice, his spiritual power and his doctrine of non-violence of which so much is made of, all crumbled before Jinnah’s iron will and proved to be powerless. Briefly speaking, I thought to myself and foresaw I shall be totally ruined, and the only thing I could expect from the people would be nothing but hatred and that I shall have lost all my honour, even more valuable than my life, if I were to kill Gandhiji. But at the same time I felt that the Indian politics in the absence of Gandhiji would surely be proved practical, able to retaliate, and would be powerful with armed forces. No doubt, my own future would be totally ruined, but the nation would be saved from the inroads of Pakistan . People may even call me and dub me as devoid of any sense or foolish, but the nation would be free to follow the course founded on the reason which I consider to be necessary for sound nation-building.

After having fully considered the question, I took the final decision in the matter, but I did not speak about it to anyone whatsoever. I took courage in both my hands and I did fire the shots at Gandhiji on 30th January 1948, on the prayer-grounds of Birla House. I do say that my shots were fired at the person whose policy and action had brought rack and ruin and destruction to millions of Hindus. There was no legal machinery by which such an offender could be brought to book and for this reason I fired those fatal shots. I bear no ill will towards anyone individually but I do say that I had no respect for the present government owing to their policy which was unfairly favourable towards the Muslims. But at the same time I could clearly see that the policy was entirely due to the presence of Gandhi.

I have to say with great regret that Prime Minister Nehru quite forgets that his preachings and deeds are at times at variances with each other when he talks about India as a secular state in season and out of season, because it is significant to note that Nehru has played a leading role in the establishment of the theocratic state of Pakistan, and his job was made easier by Gandhi’s persistent policy of appeasement towards the Muslims. I now stand before the court to accept the full share of my responsibility for what I have done and the judge would, of course, pass against me such orders of sentence as may be considered proper. But I would like to add that I do not desire any mercy to be shown to me, nor do I wish that anyone else should beg for mercy on my behalf. My confidence about the moral side of my action has not been shaken even by the criticism levelled against it on all sides. I have no doubt that honest writers of history will weigh my act and find the true value thereof some day in future.

 

குழந்தை வளர்ப்பு ஒரு கலை


 

“அப்ப எல்லாம் யாரு குழந்தைகளைப் பார்த்துகிட்டது? நாங்களேத்தான் வளர்ந்தோம். நாங்களே தான் சாப்பிட்டோம், நாங்களே தான் படிச்சோம். எங்கப்பாவுக்கு நாங்க என்ன வகுப்பு படிக்கிறோம்னு கூடத் தெரியாது. இப்ப இருக்கற பெத்தவங்க குழந்தைகளைப் பொத்திப் பொத்தி வளக்கறாங்க. கண்ணுல வெச்சி வளக்கறாங்கன்னு, அவங்க குழந்தைகளை வளர விடறதே இல்லை” என்ற ரீதியில் வயதானவர்கள் பேசுவதைக் கேட்கலாம்.

முன் எப்பொழுதைக் காட்டிலும் தற்போது குழந்தை வளர்ப்பில் அதிக கவனம் செலுத்தவேண்டிய அவசியமும் தேவையுமும் தான் என்ன? சுமார் முப்பது முதல் நாற்பது ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்னர் சிறுவர்களின் வாழ்க்கை எப்படி இருந்தது? தினமும் பள்ளிக்குச் செல்வார்கள், பள்ளியிலே ஆட்டம் பாட்டம் விளையாட்டு, வீடு திரும்பியதும் வசதிக்கு ஏற்றாற் போல மாலை உணவு / தேநீர், புழுதி நிரம்பிய தெருக்களில் இரவு வரையில் விளையாட்டு,கொஞ்ச நேரப் படிப்பு, உறக்கம். வார இறுதிகளிலும் விடுமுறை நாட்களிலும் காலை வீட்டைவிட்டுக் கிளம்பினால் இரவு தான் திரும்பும் பழக்கம். மிகச் சில குடும்பங்களில் புத்தகம் வாசிக்க வைக்கும் பழக்கம். சொந்தக் காசிலே சிறுவர் புத்தகங்களை வாங்கும் பழக்கம். கூட்டுக் குடும்ப வாழ்க்கை என்பதால் ஒரே வீட்டில் நிறையப் பொடிசுகள் இருக்கும், பெரியவர்கள் இருப்பார்கள். ஒருவருக்கு ஒருவர் விட்டுக்கொடுத்தும், அன்பினைப் பொழிந்துகொண்டும் வாழ்ந்தனர்.

சரி, இதில் என்னென்ன நன்மைகளை நாம் இழந்துவிட்டோம்? மிக முக்கியமாக விளையாட்டுகளை நாம் பறிகொடுத்துவிட்டு நிற்கிறோம். கிராமப்புறங்களைத் தவிர்த்துத் தெருக்களில் சிறுவர்கள் புழுதிகளில் விளையாடுவது அரிதாகிவிட்டது. விளையட்டுகளுக்குப் பதிலாக மாணவர்களின் நேரம் தொலைக்காட்சியிலும், வீடியோ கேம்களிலும், டியூஷன்களிலும் சென்றுவிடுகின்றது.

விளையாட்டுகள் கொடுக்கும் உடலுறுதியும் மன உறுதியும் அசாத்தியமானது. நம் தாத்தா பாட்டிகள் போல வயதான காலத்திலும் உறுதியாக, திடமாக இருக்க முடியுமா என்பது சந்தேகமே. அதனை விட நம் குழந்தைகள் நிலைமையை நினைத்தால் அச்சமே மிஞ்சுகின்றது.

உளவியல் ரீதியாகவும் வெற்றி தோல்விகளைச் சரிசமமாகப் பாவிக்கும் மனநிலை பாதிக்கப்படுகின்றது. தோல்வியைக் கண்டால் ஓடி ஒளிந்துக் கொள்கின்றனர். கூட்டாக சிறுவர்கள் விளையாடும்போது ஏற்படும் நன்மைகள் ஏராளம். மற்ற குடும்பங்கள் பற்றிய அறிதல், விட்டுக்கொடுக்கும் பாங்கு, வெற்றி மற்றும் தோல்வி இரண்டையும் ருசிபார்த்தல் ஆகியவை சாதாரணமாக நிகழும்.

அடுத்தது, அந்நாட்களில் தொலைக்காட்சி குறைந்த நேரத்தையே எடுத்துக்கொண்டிருந்தது. நிகழ்ச்சிகளும் குறைவு, தொலைக்காட்சி பெட்டிகளும் குறைவு. ஆனால் இன்று இல்லம் தவறாமல் பெட்டி ஓடிக்கொண்டே இருக்கின்றது. பெரும் நேரத்தை இது விழுங்கிவிடுகின்றது. தொலைக்காட்சியில் நன்மைகள் இருந்தாலும் அதன் சதவிகிதம் மிகக்குறைவே. குழந்தைகள் தொலைக்காட்சியை அதிக நேரம் பார்க்காமல் இருக்க வைப்பது பெரும் போராட்டமே.

கல்வியைப் பற்றிய எதிர்ப்பார்ப்பிலும் பெரும் மாற்றம் நிகழ்ந்துள்ளது. தனது பிள்ளை பெரும் மதிப்பெண் பெற்றால் போதும் என்ற எண்ணம் ஆரம்ப பாடசாலையில் இருந்தே ஆரம்பித்துவிடுகின்றது. இதனால் இதர விஷயங்களில் குழந்தைகள் கவனம் செல்வதைப் பெற்றோர்கள் விரும்புவதில்லை. பாடம், படிப்பு, டியூஷன், மனப்பாடம், மதிப்பெண். இது போதும் என்ற மனநிலையில் உள்ளனர். இதனைத் தவிர, ஏராளமான கவனச்சிதறல்கள், எதிலும் நாட்டமில்லாமை ஆகியவை பெரும் கவலைக்கு உள்ளாக்கியுள்ளது.

சிதறிப்போன கூட்டுக்குடும்ப வாழ்கை நம் சிறுவர்களை வரும்காலத்தில் பாதிக்கலாம். பெரியவர்கள் பல விஷயங்களில் சமன் செய்தார்கள். உணவு முதற்கொண்டு கதை சொல்வது, கண்டித்து வளர்ப்பது என குழந்தை வளர்ப்பின் பெரும் பகுதிகளை அவர்கள் செய்துவந்தார்கள்.

இத்தகைய சூழலில் குழந்தை வளர்ப்பு கவனமும் முக்கியத்துவமும் பெறுகிறது. உடல் ரீதியாகவும், உலகமயமாக்கப்பட்ட சூழலும், நமக்குள் புகுந்துள்ள உணவு பழக்கம் தொடங்கி, குழந்தைகளை அணுகுதல், கல்வியை அணுகுதல், ஊடகங்களைப் பயன்படுத்துதல், உறவுகளைப் பேணுதல், குழந்தைகளுக்கான கதைச் சொல்லலின் அவசியம், தரமான நேரத்தை குழந்தைகளுடன் செலவழித்தல், விளையாட ஊக்கப்படுத்துதல், அதற்கான தளங்களை உருவாக்குதல், இன்னும் ஏராளமான விஷயங்களைக் குழந்தை வளர்ப்பின் அவசியத்தை உணர்த்துகின்றன.

நம்மிடம் காணக்கிடைக்கும் குழந்தை வளர்ப்பு கட்டுரைகளில் வெளிநாட்டு தரவுகளும் அவர்களின் குழந்தை வளர்ப்பு அணுகுமுறைகளுமே தென்படுகின்றது. நம் சூழல், நம் குடும்ப கட்டமைப்பு, நம் உணவுப் பழக்கம், நம் கல்விச்சூழல் எல்லாம் நமக்குத்தான் நன்கு விளங்கும். எல்லா குழந்தைகளும் ஒன்று, எல்லோர் உளவியலும் ஒன்று என்றாலும் இன்னபிற விஷயங்களை கணக்கில் எடுத்துக்கொள்ளாமல் நமக்கு கட்டுரைகள் வந்து சேர்கின்றன. அவைகளை நாம் எப்படி வழிகாட்டியாக எடுத்துக்கொள்ள முடியும்?

நம்மூர் பெற்றோர்கள் அவர்களின் சொந்த அனுபவங்களைச் சக பெற்றோர்களுடன் பகிரவேண்டும், அதற்கான தளங்களையும் அமைத்துக்கொள்ள வேண்டும். ஒவ்வொரு குழந்தையும் தனித்துவமானவர்கள், அவர்களுக்கான அணுகுமுறையை அந்தப் பெற்றோர்களே முடிவு செய்ய முடியும். மற்றவர்களின் அறிவுரைகளும் அனுபவங்களும் ஒரு வழிகாட்டி மட்டுமே. அதே வழிமுறை நம் குழந்தைக்கு ஒத்துவராமல் போகலாம்.

குழந்தை வளர்ப்பு ஒரு கலை. குழந்தை வளர்ப்பில் அழகிய சிக்கலே எந்த நேரத்தில் அவர்களைத் தோளில் சுமக்க வேண்டும், எப்போது அவர்கள் விரல் பிடித்துக் கூட நடக்க வேண்டும், எப்போது வழிகாட்டியாக முன்னே நடந்து செல்லவேண்டும், எப்போது அவர்களை முன்னே நடக்கவிட்டுப் பின்னே நாம் செல்லவேண்டும் என்று அறிந்து, புரிந்து நடப்பதே.

குழந்தை வளர்ப்பினை புரிந்து, குழந்தைமையைக் கொண்டாடி, ஆனந்தமான, வலுவான , செறிவான இளைய சமூகத்தைக் கட்டமைக்க முற்படுவோம்.

 

குழந்தை வளர்ப்பில் ஏன் அதிக கவனம் தேவை?

“அப்ப எல்லாம் யாரு குழந்தைகளைப் பார்த்துகிட்டது? நாங்களேத்தான் வளர்ந்தோம். நாங்களே தான் சாப்பிட்டோம், நாங்களே தான் படிச்சோம். எங்கப்பாவுக்கு நாங்க என்ன வகுப்பு படிக்கிறோம்னு கூடத் தெரியாது. இப்ப இருக்கற பெத்தவங்க குழந்தைகளைப் பொத்திப் பொத்தி வளக்கறாங்க. கண்ணுல வெச்சி வளக்கறாங்கன்னு, அவங்க குழந்தைகளை வளர விடறதே இல்லை” என்ற ரீதியில் வயதானவர்கள் பேசுவதைக் கேட்கலாம்.

முன் எப்பொழுதைக் காட்டிலும் தற்போது குழந்தை வளர்ப்பில் அதிக கவனம் செலுத்தவேண்டிய அவசியமும் தேவையுமும் தான் என்ன? சுமார் முப்பது முதல் நாற்பது ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்னர் சிறுவர்களின் வாழ்க்கை எப்படி இருந்தது? தினமும் பள்ளிக்குச் செல்வார்கள், பள்ளியிலே ஆட்டம் பாட்டம் விளையாட்டு, வீடு திரும்பியதும் வசதிக்கு ஏற்றாற் போல மாலை உணவு / தேநீர், புழுதி நிரம்பிய தெருக்களில் இரவு வரையில் விளையாட்டு,கொஞ்ச நேரப் படிப்பு, உறக்கம். வார இறுதிகளிலும் விடுமுறை நாட்களிலும் காலை வீட்டைவிட்டுக் கிளம்பினால் இரவு தான் திரும்பும் பழக்கம். மிகச் சில குடும்பங்களில் புத்தகம் வாசிக்க வைக்கும் பழக்கம். சொந்தக் காசிலே சிறுவர் புத்தகங்களை வாங்கும் பழக்கம். கூட்டுக் குடும்ப வாழ்க்கை என்பதால் ஒரே வீட்டில் நிறையப் பொடிசுகள் இருக்கும், பெரியவர்கள் இருப்பார்கள். ஒருவருக்கு ஒருவர் விட்டுக்கொடுத்தும், அன்பினைப் பொழிந்துகொண்டும் வாழ்ந்தனர்.

சரி, இதில் என்னென்ன நன்மைகளை நாம் இழந்துவிட்டோம்? மிக முக்கியமாக விளையாட்டுகளை நாம் பறிகொடுத்துவிட்டு நிற்கிறோம். கிராமப்புறங்களைத் தவிர்த்துத் தெருக்களில் சிறுவர்கள் புழுதிகளில் விளையாடுவது அரிதாகிவிட்டது. விளையட்டுகளுக்குப் பதிலாக மாணவர்களின் நேரம் தொலைக்காட்சியிலும், வீடியோ கேம்களிலும், டியூஷன்களிலும் சென்றுவிடுகின்றது.

விளையாட்டுகள் கொடுக்கும் உடலுறுதியும் மன உறுதியும் அசாத்தியமானது. நம் தாத்தா பாட்டிகள் போல வயதான காலத்திலும் உறுதியாக, திடமாக இருக்க முடியுமா என்பது சந்தேகமே. அதனை விட நம் குழந்தைகள் நிலைமையை நினைத்தால் அச்சமே மிஞ்சுகின்றது.

உளவியல் ரீதியாகவும் வெற்றி தோல்விகளைச் சரிசமமாகப் பாவிக்கும் மனநிலை பாதிக்கப்படுகின்றது. தோல்வியைக் கண்டால் ஓடி ஒளிந்துக் கொள்கின்றனர். கூட்டாக சிறுவர்கள் விளையாடும்போது ஏற்படும் நன்மைகள் ஏராளம். மற்ற குடும்பங்கள் பற்றிய அறிதல், விட்டுக்கொடுக்கும் பாங்கு, வெற்றி மற்றும் தோல்வி இரண்டையும் ருசிபார்த்தல் ஆகியவை சாதாரணமாக நிகழும்.

அடுத்தது, அந்நாட்களில் தொலைக்காட்சி குறைந்த நேரத்தையே எடுத்துக்கொண்டிருந்தது. நிகழ்ச்சிகளும் குறைவு, தொலைக்காட்சி பெட்டிகளும் குறைவு. ஆனால் இன்று இல்லம் தவறாமல் பெட்டி ஓடிக்கொண்டே இருக்கின்றது. பெரும் நேரத்தை இது விழுங்கிவிடுகின்றது. தொலைக்காட்சியில் நன்மைகள் இருந்தாலும் அதன் சதவிகிதம் மிகக்குறைவே. குழந்தைகள் தொலைக்காட்சியை அதிக நேரம் பார்க்காமல் இருக்க வைப்பது பெரும் போராட்டமே.

கல்வியைப் பற்றிய எதிர்ப்பார்ப்பிலும் பெரும் மாற்றம் நிகழ்ந்துள்ளது. தனது பிள்ளை பெரும் மதிப்பெண் பெற்றால் போதும் என்ற எண்ணம் ஆரம்ப பாடசாலையில் இருந்தே ஆரம்பித்துவிடுகின்றது. இதனால் இதர விஷயங்களில் குழந்தைகள் கவனம் செல்வதைப் பெற்றோர்கள் விரும்புவதில்லை. பாடம், படிப்பு, டியூஷன், மனப்பாடம், மதிப்பெண். இது போதும் என்ற மனநிலையில் உள்ளனர். இதனைத் தவிர, ஏராளமான கவனச்சிதறல்கள், எதிலும் நாட்டமில்லாமை ஆகியவை பெரும் கவலைக்கு உள்ளாக்கியுள்ளது.

சிதறிப்போன கூட்டுக்குடும்ப வாழ்கை நம் சிறுவர்களை வரும்காலத்தில் பாதிக்கலாம். பெரியவர்கள் பல விஷயங்களில் சமன் செய்தார்கள். உணவு முதற்கொண்டு கதை சொல்வது, கண்டித்து வளர்ப்பது என குழந்தை வளர்ப்பின் பெரும் பகுதிகளை அவர்கள் செய்துவந்தார்கள்.

இத்தகைய சூழலில் குழந்தை வளர்ப்பு கவனமும் முக்கியத்துவமும் பெறுகிறது. உடல் ரீதியாகவும், உலகமயமாக்கப்பட்ட சூழலும், நமக்குள் புகுந்துள்ள உணவு பழக்கம் தொடங்கி, குழந்தைகளை அணுகுதல், கல்வியை அணுகுதல், ஊடகங்களைப் பயன்படுத்துதல், உறவுகளைப் பேணுதல், குழந்தைகளுக்கான கதைச் சொல்லலின் அவசியம், தரமான நேரத்தை குழந்தைகளுடன் செலவழித்தல், விளையாட ஊக்கப்படுத்துதல், அதற்கான தளங்களை உருவாக்குதல், இன்னும் ஏராளமான விஷயங்களைக் குழந்தை வளர்ப்பின் அவசியத்தை உணர்த்துகின்றன.

நம்மிடம் காணக்கிடைக்கும் குழந்தை வளர்ப்பு கட்டுரைகளில் வெளிநாட்டு தரவுகளும் அவர்களின் குழந்தை வளர்ப்பு அணுகுமுறைகளுமே தென்படுகின்றது. நம் சூழல், நம் குடும்ப கட்டமைப்பு, நம் உணவுப் பழக்கம், நம் கல்விச்சூழல் எல்லாம் நமக்குத்தான் நன்கு விளங்கும். எல்லா குழந்தைகளும் ஒன்று, எல்லோர் உளவியலும் ஒன்று என்றாலும் இன்னபிற விஷயங்களை கணக்கில் எடுத்துக்கொள்ளாமல் நமக்கு கட்டுரைகள் வந்து சேர்கின்றன. அவைகளை நாம் எப்படி வழிகாட்டியாக எடுத்துக்கொள்ள முடியும்?

நம்மூர் பெற்றோர்கள் அவர்களின் சொந்த அனுபவங்களைச் சக பெற்றோர்களுடன் பகிரவேண்டும், அதற்கான தளங்களையும் அமைத்துக்கொள்ள வேண்டும். ஒவ்வொரு குழந்தையும் தனித்துவமானவர்கள், அவர்களுக்கான அணுகுமுறையை அந்தப் பெற்றோர்களே முடிவு செய்ய முடியும். மற்றவர்களின் அறிவுரைகளும் அனுபவங்களும் ஒரு வழிகாட்டி மட்டுமே. அதே வழிமுறை நம் குழந்தைக்கு ஒத்துவராமல் போகலாம்.

குழந்தை வளர்ப்பு ஒரு கலை. குழந்தை வளர்ப்பில் அழகிய சிக்கலே எந்த நேரத்தில் அவர்களைத் தோளில் சுமக்க வேண்டும், எப்போது அவர்கள் விரல் பிடித்துக் கூட நடக்க வேண்டும், எப்போது வழிகாட்டியாக முன்னே நடந்து செல்லவேண்டும், எப்போது அவர்களை முன்னே நடக்கவிட்டுப் பின்னே நாம் செல்லவேண்டும் என்று அறிந்து, புரிந்து நடப்பதே.

குழந்தை வளர்ப்பினை புரிந்து, குழந்தைமையைக் கொண்டாடி, ஆனந்தமான, வலுவான , செறிவான இளைய சமூகத்தைக் கட்டமைக்க முற்படுவோம்.

 

 

Important- Safety Alert while filling up Gas


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 WARNING FROM SHELL OIL COMPANY

DO NOT DELETE; PLEASE READ
 
Please send this information to ALL your family & friends, especially those who have kids in the
car with them while pumping gas. If this
were to happen, they may not be able
to get the children out in time.
 
 

Shell Oil Comments
 

Safety Alert!

Here are some reasons why we don’t allow cell phones in
operating areas, propylene oxide handling and storage area, propane, gas and diesel refueling areas.
The Shell Oil Company recently issued a warning after three incidents in which mobile phones (cell phones) ignited fumes during fueling operations
In the first case, the phone was placed on the car’s trunk
lid during fueling; it rang and the ensuing fire destroyed
the car and the gasoline pump.
In the second, an individual suffered severe burns
to their face when fumes ignited as they answered
a call while refueling their car!
And in the third, an individual suffered burns to the
thigh and groin as fumes ignited when the phone,
which was in their pocket, rang while they
were fueling their car.

You should know that: Mobile Phones can ignite fuel
or fumes
Mobile phones that light up when switched on or when
they ring release enough energy to provide a spark
for ignition
Mobile phones should not be used in filling stations,
or when fueling lawn mowers, boat, etc.

Mobile phones should not be used, or should be turned

off, around other materials that generate flammable
or explosive fumes or dust, (I.e., solvents, chemicals,
gases, grain dust, etc…)
TO sum it up, here are the
Four Rules for Safe Refueling:

1) Turn off engine

2) Don’t smoke

3) Don’t use your cell phone – leave it
inside the vehicle or turn it off
[Based on the government’s ability
to turn on cell phones anytime,
best left in the vehicle.]

4) Don’t re-enter your vehicle during fueling.


Bob Renkes of Petroleum Equipment Institute is
working on a campaign to try and make people
aware of fires as a result of ‘static electricity’ at
gas pumps. His company has researched 150
cases of these fires.
His results were very surprising:
1) Out of 150 cases, almost all of them were women.
2) Almost all cases involved the person getting back in
their vehicle while the nozzle was still pumping gas.
When finished, they went back to pull the nozzle out
and the fire started, as a result of static.
3) Most had on rubber-soled shoes.
4) Most men never get back in their vehicle until
completely finished. This is why they are seldom
involved in these types of fires.
5) Don’t ever use cell phones when pumping gas
6) It is the vapors that come out of the gas that cause
the fire, when connected with static charges.
7) There were 29 fires where the vehicle was re-entered
and the nozzle was touched during refueling from
a variety of makes and models. Some resulted in
extensive damage to the vehicle, to the station,
and to the customer.
8) Seventeen fires occurred before, during or immediately
after the gas cap was removed and before fueling began.
Mr. Renkes stresses to NEVER get back into your vehicle
while filling it with gas. If you absolutely HAVE to get in
your vehicle while the gas is pumping, make sure you
get out, close the door TOUCHING THE METAL,
before you ever pull the nozzle out. This way the
static from your body will be discharged before
you ever remove the nozzle.

As I mentioned earlier, The Petroleum Equipment Institute,
along with several other companies now, are really trying
to make the public aware of this danger.

I ask you to please send this information to ALL your
family and friends, especially those who have kids in
the car with them while pumping gas. If this were to
happen to them, they may not be able to get the
children out in time.
Thanks for passing this along


 WARNING FROM SHELL OIL COMPANY

DO NOT DELETE; PLEASE READ
 
Please send this information to ALL your family & friends, especially those who have kids in the
car with them while pumping gas. If this
were to happen, they may not be able
to get the children out in time.
 
 

Shell Oil Comments
 

Safety Alert!

Here are some reasons why we don’t allow cell phones in
operating areas, propylene oxide handling and storage area, propane, gas and diesel refueling areas.
The Shell Oil Company recently issued a warning after three incidents in which mobile phones (cell phones) ignited fumes during fueling operations
In the first case, the phone was placed on the car’s trunk
lid during fueling; it rang and the ensuing fire destroyed
the car and the gasoline pump.
In the second, an individual suffered severe burns
to their face when fumes ignited as they answered
a call while refueling their car!
And in the third, an individual suffered burns to the
thigh and groin as fumes ignited when the phone,
which was in their pocket, rang while they
were fueling their car.

You should know that: Mobile Phones can ignite fuel
or fumes
Mobile phones that light up when switched on or when
they ring release enough energy to provide a spark
for ignition
Mobile phones should not be used in filling stations,
or when fueling lawn mowers, boat, etc.

Mobile phones should not be used, or should be turned

off, around other materials that generate flammable
or explosive fumes or dust, (I.e., solvents, chemicals,
gases, grain dust, etc…)
TO sum it up, here are the
Four Rules for Safe Refueling:

1) Turn off engine

2) Don’t smoke

3) Don’t use your cell phone – leave it
inside the vehicle or turn it off
[Based on the government’s ability
to turn on cell phones anytime,
best left in the vehicle.]

4) Don’t re-enter your vehicle during fueling.


Bob Renkes of Petroleum Equipment Institute is
working on a campaign to try and make people
aware of fires as a result of ‘static electricity’ at
gas pumps. His company has researched 150
cases of these fires.
His results were very surprising:
1) Out of 150 cases, almost all of them were women.
2) Almost all cases involved the person getting back in
their vehicle while the nozzle was still pumping gas.
When finished, they went back to pull the nozzle out
and the fire started, as a result of static.
3) Most had on rubber-soled shoes.
4) Most men never get back in their vehicle until
completely finished. This is why they are seldom
involved in these types of fires.
5) Don’t ever use cell phones when pumping gas
6) It is the vapors that come out of the gas that cause
the fire, when connected with static charges.
7) There were 29 fires where the vehicle was re-entered
and the nozzle was touched during refueling from
a variety of makes and models. Some resulted in
extensive damage to the vehicle, to the station,
and to the customer.
8) Seventeen fires occurred before, during or immediately
after the gas cap was removed and before fueling began.
Mr. Renkes stresses to NEVER get back into your vehicle
while filling it with gas. If you absolutely HAVE to get in
your vehicle while the gas is pumping, make sure you
get out, close the door TOUCHING THE METAL,
before you ever pull the nozzle out. This way the
static from your body will be discharged before
you ever remove the nozzle.

As I mentioned earlier, The Petroleum Equipment Institute,
along with several other companies now, are really trying
to make the public aware of this danger.

I ask you to please send this information to ALL your
family and friends, especially those who have kids in
the car with them while pumping gas. If this were to
happen to them, they may not be able to get the
children out in time.
Thanks for passing this along


 WARNING FROM SHELL OIL COMPANY

DO NOT DELETE; PLEASE READ
 
Please send this information to ALL your family & friends, especially those who have kids in the
car with them while pumping gas. If this
were to happen, they may not be able
to get the children out in time.
 
 

Shell Oil Comments
 

Safety Alert!

Here are some reasons why we don’t allow cell phones in
operating areas, propylene oxide handling and storage area, propane, gas and diesel refueling areas.
The Shell Oil Company recently issued a warning after three incidents in which mobile phones (cell phones) ignited fumes during fueling operations
In the first case, the phone was placed on the car’s trunk
lid during fueling; it rang and the ensuing fire destroyed
the car and the gasoline pump.
In the second, an individual suffered severe burns
to their face when fumes ignited as they answered
a call while refueling their car!
And in the third, an individual suffered burns to the
thigh and groin as fumes ignited when the phone,
which was in their pocket, rang while they
were fueling their car.

You should know that: Mobile Phones can ignite fuel
or fumes
Mobile phones that light up when switched on or when
they ring release enough energy to provide a spark
for ignition
Mobile phones should not be used in filling stations,
or when fueling lawn mowers, boat, etc.

Mobile phones should not be used, or should be turned

off, around other materials that generate flammable
or explosive fumes or dust, (I.e., solvents, chemicals,
gases, grain dust, etc…)
TO sum it up, here are the
Four Rules for Safe Refueling:

1) Turn off engine

2) Don’t smoke

3) Don’t use your cell phone – leave it
inside the vehicle or turn it off
[Based on the government’s ability
to turn on cell phones anytime,
best left in the vehicle.]

4) Don’t re-enter your vehicle during fueling.


Bob Renkes of Petroleum Equipment Institute is
working on a campaign to try and make people
aware of fires as a result of ‘static electricity’ at
gas pumps. His company has researched 150
cases of these fires.
His results were very surprising:
1) Out of 150 cases, almost all of them were women.
2) Almost all cases involved the person getting back in
their vehicle while the nozzle was still pumping gas.
When finished, they went back to pull the nozzle out
and the fire started, as a result of static.
3) Most had on rubber-soled shoes.
4) Most men never get back in their vehicle until
completely finished. This is why they are seldom
involved in these types of fires.
5) Don’t ever use cell phones when pumping gas
6) It is the vapors that come out of the gas that cause
the fire, when connected with static charges.
7) There were 29 fires where the vehicle was re-entered
and the nozzle was touched during refueling from
a variety of makes and models. Some resulted in
extensive damage to the vehicle, to the station,
and to the customer.
8) Seventeen fires occurred before, during or immediately
after the gas cap was removed and before fueling began.
Mr. Renkes stresses to NEVER get back into your vehicle
while filling it with gas. If you absolutely HAVE to get in
your vehicle while the gas is pumping, make sure you
get out, close the door TOUCHING THE METAL,
before you ever pull the nozzle out. This way the
static from your body will be discharged before
you ever remove the nozzle.

As I mentioned earlier, The Petroleum Equipment Institute,
along with several other companies now, are really trying
to make the public aware of this danger.

I ask you to please send this information to ALL your
family and friends, especially those who have kids in
the car with them while pumping gas. If this were to
happen to them, they may not be able to get the
children out in time.
Thanks for passing this along


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Ranjani Geethalaya(Regd.) (Registered under Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860. Regn No S/28043 of 1995) A society for promotion of traditional values through,  Music, Dance, Art , Culture, Education and Social service. REGD OFFICE A-73 Inderpuri, New Delhi-110012, INDIA Email: ranjanigeethalaya@gmail.com  web: http://ranjanigeethalaya.webs.com (M)9868369793 all donations/contributions may be sent to Ranjani Geethalaya ( Regd) A/c no 3063000100374737, Punjab National Bank, ER 14, Inder Puri, New Delhi-110012, MICR CODE 110024135  IFSC CODE PUNB00306300

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