Why I Killed Gandhi by Nathuram Vinayak Godse- must read

this may be a repeat but read on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti



Gandhiji’s assassin, Nathuram Godse’s Final Address to the Court.

WHY I KILLED GANDHI - Nathuram Godse's Final Address to the Court.WHY I KILLED GANDHI – Nathuram Godse’s Final Address to the Court.

Nathuram Godse was arrested immediately after he assassinated Gandhiji, based on a F. I. R. filed by Nandlal Mehta at the Tughlak Road Police staton at Delhi . The trial, which was held in camera, began on May 27, 1948 and concluded on February 10, 1949. He was sentenced to death.

An appeal to the Punjab High Court, then in session at Simla, did not find favour and the sentence was upheld. The statement that you are about to read is the last made by Godse before the Court on the May 5, 1949.

Such was the power and eloquence of this statement that one of the judges, G. D. Khosla, later wrote, “I have, however, no doubt that had the audience of that day been constituted into a jury and entrusted with the task of deciding Godse’s appeal, they would have brought a verdict of ‘not Guilty’ by an overwhelming majority”


Born in a devotional Brahmin family, I instinctively came to revere Hindu religion, Hindu history and Hindu culture. I had, therefore, been intensely proud of Hinduism as a whole. As I grew up I developed a tendency to free thinking unfettered by any superstitious allegiance to any isms, political or religious. That is why I worked actively for the eradication of untouchability and the caste system based on birth alone. I openly joined RSS wing of anti-caste movements and maintained that all Hindus were of equal status as to rights, social and religious and should be considered high or low on merit alone and not through the accident of birth in a particular caste or profession.

I used publicly to take part in organized anti-caste dinners in which thousands of Hindus, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Chamars and Bhangis participated. We broke the caste rules and dined in the company of each other. I have read the speeches and writings of Ravana, Chanakiya, Dadabhai Naoroji, Vivekanand, Gokhale, Tilak, along with the books of ancient and modern history of India and some prominent countries like England , France , America and Russia . Moreover I studied the tenets of Socialism and Marxism. But above all I studied very closely whatever Veer Savarkar and Gandhiji had written and spoken, as to my mind these two ideologies have contributed more to the moulding of the thought and action of the Indian people during the last thirty years or so, than any other single factor has done.

All this reading and thinking led me to believe it was my first duty to serve Hindudom and Hindus both as a patriot and as a world citizen. To secure the freedom and to safeguard the just interests of some thirty crores (300 million) of Hindus would automatically constitute the freedom and the well-being of all India , one fifth of human race. This conviction led me naturally to devote myself to the Hindu Sanghtanist ideology and programme, which alone, I came to believe, could win and preserve the national independence of Hindustan , my Motherland, and enable her to render true service to humanity as well.

Since the year 1920, that is, after the demise of Lokamanya Tilak, Gandhiji’s influence in the Congress first increased and then became supreme. His activities for public awakening were phenomenal in their intensity and were reinforced by the slogan of truth and non-violence which he paraded ostentatiously before the country. No sensible or enlightened person could object to those slogans. In fact there is nothing new or original in them.. They are implicit in every constitutional public movement. But it is nothing but a mere dream if you imagine that the bulk of mankind is, or can ever become, capable of scrupulous adherence to these lofty principles in its normal life from day to day.

In fact, honour, duty and love of one’s own kith and kin and country might often compel us to disregard non-violence and to use force. I could never conceive that an armed resistance to an aggression is unjust. I would consider it a religious and moral duty to resist and, if possible, to overpower such an enemy by use of force. [In the Ramayana] Rama killed Ravana in a tumultuous fight and relieved Sita.. [In the Mahabharata], Krishna killed Kansa to end his wickedness; and Arjuna had to fight and slay quite a number of his friends and relationsincluding the revered Bhishma because the latter was on the side of the aggressor. It is my firm belief that in dubbing Rama, Krishna and Arjuna as guilty of violence, the Mahatma betrayed a total ignorance of the springs of human action.
In more recent history, it was the heroic fight put up by Chhatrapati Shivaji that first checked and eventually destroyed the Muslim tyranny in India . It was absolutely essentially for Shivaji to overpower and kill an aggressive Afzal Khan, failing which he would have lost his own life. In condemning history’s towering warriors like Shivaji, Rana Pratap and Guru Gobind Singh as misguided patriots, Gandhiji has merely exposed his self-conceit. He was, paradoxical as it may appear, a violent pacifist who brought untold calamities on the country in the name of truth and non-violence, while Rana Pratap, Shivaji and the Guru will remain enshrined in the hearts of their countrymen for ever for the freedom they brought to them.

The accumulating provocation of thirty-two years, culminating in his last pro-Muslim fast, at last goaded me to the conclusion that the existence of Gandhi should be brought to an end immediately. Gandhi had done very good in South Africa to uphold the rights and well-being of the Indian community there. But when he finally returned to India he developed a subjective mentality under which he alone was to be the final judge of what was right or wrong. If the country wanted his leadership, it had to accept his infallibility; if it did not, he would stand aloof from the Congress and carry on his own way.

Against such an attitude there can be no halfway house. Either Congress had to surrender its will to his and had to be content with playing second fiddle to all his eccentricity, whimsicality, metaphysics and primitive vision, or it had to carry on without him. He alone was the Judge of everyone and every thing; he was the master brain guiding the civil disobedience movement; no other could know the technique of that movement. He alone knew when to begin and when to withdraw it. The movement might succeed or fail, it might bring untold disaster and political reverses but that could make no difference to the Mahatma’s infallibility. ‘A Satyagrahi can never fail’ was his formula for declaring his own infallibility and nobody except himself knew what a Satyagrahi is. Thus, the Mahatma became the judge and jury in his own cause. These childish insanities and obstinacies, coupled with a most severe austerity of life, ceaseless work and lofty character made Gandhi formidable and irresistible.

Many people thought that his politics were irrational but they had either to withdraw from the Congress or place their intelligence at his feet to do with as he liked. In a position of such absolute irresponsibility Gandhi was guilty of blunder after blunder, failure after failure, disaster after disaster. Gandhi’s pro-Muslim policy is blatantly in his perverse attitude on the question of the national language of India . It is quite obvious that Hindi has the most prior claim to be accepted as the premier language. In the beginning of his career in India , Gandhi gave a great impetus to Hindi but as he found that the Muslims did not like it, he became a champion of what is called Hindustani.. Everybody in India knows that there is no language called Hindustani; it has no grammar; it has no vocabulary. It is a mere dialect, it is spoken, but not written. It is a bastard tongue and cross-breed between Hindi and Urdu, and not even the Mahatma’s sophistry could make it popular. But in his desire to please the Muslims he insisted that Hindustani alone should be the national language of India . His blind followers, of course, supported him and the so-called hybrid language began to be used. The charm and purity of the Hindi language was to be prostituted to please the Muslims. All his experiments were at the expense of the Hindus.

From August 1946 onwards the private armies of the Muslim League began a massacre of the Hindus. The then Viceroy, Lord Wavell, though distressed at what was happening, would not use his powers under the Government of India Act of 1935 to prevent the rape, murder and arson. The Hindu blood began to flow from Bengal to Karachi with some retaliation by the Hindus. The Interim Government formed in September was sabotaged by its Muslim League members right from its inception, but the more they became disloyal and treasonable to the government of which they were a part, the greater was Gandhi’s infatuation for them. Lord Wavell had to resign as he could not bring about a settlement and he was succeeded by Lord Mountbatten. King Log was followed by King Stork. The Congress which had boasted of its nationalism and socialism secretly accepted Pakistan literally at the point of the bayonet and abjectly surrendered to Jinnah. India was vivisected and one-third of the Indian territory became foreign land to us from August 15, 1947.

Lord Mountbatten came to be described in Congress circles as the greatest Viceroy and Governor-General this country ever had. The official date for handing over power was fixed for June 30, 1948, but Mountbatten with his ruthless surgery gave us a gift of vivisected India ten months in advance. This is what Gandhi had achieved after thirty years of undisputed dictatorship and this is what Congress party calls ‘freedom’ and ‘peaceful transfer of power’. The Hindu-Muslim unity bubble was finally burst and a theocratic state was established with the consent of Nehru and his crowd and they have called ‘freedom won by them with sacrifice’ – whose sacrifice? When top leaders of Congress, with the consent of Gandhi, divided and tore the country – which we consider a deity of worship – my mind was filled with direful anger.

One of the conditions imposed by Gandhi for his breaking of the fast unto death related to the mosques in Delhi occupied by the Hindu refugees. But when Hindus in Pakistan were subjected to violent attacks he did not so much as utter a single word to protest and censure the Pakistan Government or the Muslims concerned. Gandhi was shrewd enough to know that while undertaking a fast unto death, had he imposed for its break some condition on the Muslims in Pakistan , there would have been found hardly any Muslims who could have shown some grief if the fast had ended in his death. It was for this reason that he purposely avoided imposing any condition on the Muslims. He was fully aware of from the experience that Jinnah was not at all perturbed or influenced by his fast and the Muslim League hardly attached any value to the inner voice of Gandhi.

Gandhi is being referred to as the Father of the Nation. But if that is so, he had failed his paternal duty inasmuch as he has acted very treacherously to the nation by his consenting to the partitioning of it. I stoutly maintain that Gandhi has failed in his duty. He has proved to be the Father of Pakistan. His inner-voice, his spiritual power and his doctrine of non-violence of which so much is made of, all crumbled before Jinnah’s iron will and proved to be powerless. Briefly speaking, I thought to myself and foresaw I shall be totally ruined, and the only thing I could expect from the people would be nothing but hatred and that I shall have lost all my honour, even more valuable than my life, if I were to kill Gandhiji. But at the same time I felt that the Indian politics in the absence of Gandhiji would surely be proved practical, able to retaliate, and would be powerful with armed forces. No doubt, my own future would be totally ruined, but the nation would be saved from the inroads of Pakistan . People may even call me and dub me as devoid of any sense or foolish, but the nation would be free to follow the course founded on the reason which I consider to be necessary for sound nation-building.

After having fully considered the question, I took the final decision in the matter, but I did not speak about it to anyone whatsoever. I took courage in both my hands and I did fire the shots at Gandhiji on 30th January 1948, on the prayer-grounds of Birla House. I do say that my shots were fired at the person whose policy and action had brought rack and ruin and destruction to millions of Hindus. There was no legal machinery by which such an offender could be brought to book and for this reason I fired those fatal shots. I bear no ill will towards anyone individually but I do say that I had no respect for the present government owing to their policy which was unfairly favourable towards the Muslims. But at the same time I could clearly see that the policy was entirely due to the presence of Gandhi.

I have to say with great regret that Prime Minister Nehru quite forgets that his preachings and deeds are at times at variances with each other when he talks about India as a secular state in season and out of season, because it is significant to note that Nehru has played a leading role in the establishment of the theocratic state of Pakistan, and his job was made easier by Gandhi’s persistent policy of appeasement towards the Muslims. I now stand before the court to accept the full share of my responsibility for what I have done and the judge would, of course, pass against me such orders of sentence as may be considered proper. But I would like to add that I do not desire any mercy to be shown to me, nor do I wish that anyone else should beg for mercy on my behalf. My confidence about the moral side of my action has not been shaken even by the criticism levelled against it on all sides. I have no doubt that honest writers of history will weigh my act and find the true value thereof some day in future.


Interesting – Why am I a Hindu ?

A Hindu was flying from JFK New York Airport to SFO San Francisco Airport CA to attend a meeting at Monterey, CA.

An American girl was sitting on the right side, near window seat. It indeed was a long journey – it would take nearly seven hours.

He was surprised to see the young girl reading a Bible unusual of young Americans. After some time she smiled and we had few acquaintances talk.He told her that I am from India

Then suddenly the girl asked: ‘What’s your faith?’ ‘What?’ He didn’t understand the question.

‘I mean, what’s your religion? Are you a Christian? Or a Muslim?’

‘No!’ He replied, ‘He am neither Christian nor Muslim’.

Apparently she appeared shocked to listen to that. ‘Then who are you?’ “I am a Hindu”, He said.

She looked at him as if she was seeing a caged animal. She could not understand what He was talking about.

A common man in Europe or US knows about Christianity and Islam, as they are the leading religions of the world today.

But a Hindu, what?

He explained to her – I am born to a Hindu father and Hindu mother. Therefore, I am a Hindu by birth.

‘Who is your prophet?’ she asked.

‘We don’t have a prophet,’ He replied.

‘What’s your Holy Book?’

‘We don’t have a single Holy Book, but we have hundreds and thousands of philosophical and sacred scriptures,’
He replied.

‘Oh, come on at least tell me who is your God?’

‘What do you mean by that?’

‘Like we have Jesus and Muslims have Allah – don’t you have a God?’

He thought for a moment. Muslims and Christians believe one God (Male God) who created the world and takes an interest in the humans who inhabit it. Her mind is conditioned with that kind of belief.

According to her (or anybody who doesn’t know about Hinduism), a religion needs to have one Prophet, one Holy book and one God. The mind is so conditioned and rigidly narrowed down to such a notion that anything else is not acceptable. He understood her perception and concept about faith. You can’t compare Hinduism with any of the present leading religions where you have to believe in one concept of God.

He tried to explain to her: ‘You can believe in one God and he can be a Hindu. You may believe in multiple deities and still you can be a Hindu. What’s more – you may not believe in God at all, still you can be a Hindu. An Atheist can also be a Hindu.’

This sounded very crazy to her. She couldn’t imagine a religion so unorganized, still surviving for thousands of years, even after onslaught from foreign forces.

‘I don’t understand but it seems very interesting. Are you religious?’

What can He tell to this American girl?

He said: ‘I do not go to Temple regularly. I do not make any regular rituals. I have learned some of the rituals in my younger days. I still enjoy doing it sometimes’.

‘Enjoy? Are you not afraid of God?’

‘God is a friend. No- I am not afraid of God. Nobody has made any compulsions on me to perform these rituals regularly.’

She thought for a while and then asked: ‘Have you ever thought of converting to any other religion?’

‘Why should I? Even if I challenge some of the rituals and faith in Hinduism, nobody can convert me from Hinduism. Because, being a Hindu allows me to think independently and objectively, without conditioning. I remain as a Hindu never by force, but choice.’ He told her that Hinduism is not a religion, but a set of beliefs and practices. It is not a religion like Christianity or Islam because it is not founded by any one person or does not have an organized controlling body like the Church or the Order, I added. There is no institution or authority..

‘So, you don’t believe in God?’ she wanted everything in black and white.

‘I didn’t say that. I do not discard the divine reality. Our scripture, or Sruthis or Smrithis – Vedas and Upanishads or the Gita – say God might be there or he might not be there. But we pray to that supreme abstract authority (Para Brahma) that is the creator of this universe.’

‘Why can’t you believe in one personal God?’

‘We have a concept – abstract – not a personal god. The concept or notion of a personal God, hiding behind the clouds of secrecy, telling us irrational stories through few men whom he sends as messengers, demanding us to worship him or punish us, does not make sense. I don’t think that God is as silly as an autocratic emperor who wants others to respect him or fear him.’ He told her that such notions are just fancies of less educated human imagination and fallacies, adding that generally ethnic religious practitioners in Hinduism believe in personal Gods. The entry level Hinduism has over-whelming superstitions too. The philosophical side of Hinduism negates all superstitions.

‘Good that you agree God might exist. You told that you pray. What is your prayer then?’

‘Loka Samastha Sukino Bhavantu. Om Shanti, Shanti, Shanti,’
लोका समस्ता सुखिनो भवन्तु !!! ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः !!!

‘Funny,’ she laughed, ‘What does it mean?’

‘May all the beings in all the worlds be happy. Let there be Peace, Peace,and Peace every where.’

‘Hmm ..very interesting. I want to learn more about this religion. It is so democratic, broad-minded and free’ she exclaimed.

‘The fact is Hinduism is a religion of the individual, for the individual and by the individual with its roots in the Vedas and the Bhagavad-Gita. It is all about an individual approaching a personal God in an individual way according to his temperament and inner evolution – it is as simple as that.’

‘How does anybody convert to Hinduism?’

‘Nobody can convert you to Hinduism, because it is not a religion, but it is a Culture, a way of leaving life, a set of beliefs and practices. Everything is acceptable in Hinduism because there is no single Authority or Organization either to accept you or to reject you or to oppose you on behalf of Hinduism.’

He told her – if you look for meaning in life, don’t look for it in religions; don’t go from one cult to another or from one Guru to the next.

For a real seeker, He told her, the Bible itself gives guidelines when it says ‘ Kingdom of God is within you.’ I reminded her of Christ’s teaching about the love that we have for each other. That is where you can find the meaning of life.

Loving each and every creation of the God is absolute and real. ‘Isavasyam idam sarvam’ Isam (the God) is present (inhabits) here everywhere – nothing exists separate from the God, because God is present everywhere. Respect every living being and non-living things as God. That’s what Hinduism teaches you.

Hinduism is referred to as Sanathana Dharma, the eternal faith. It is based on the practice of Dharma, the code of life. The most important aspect of Hinduism is being truthful to oneself. Hinduism has no monopoly on ideas. It is open to all. Hindus believe in one God (not a personal one) expressed in different forms. For them, God is timeless and formless entity.

Ancestors of today’s Hindus believe in eternal truths and cosmic laws and these truths are opened to anyone who seeks them. But there is a section of Hindus who are either superstitious or turned fanatic to make this an organized religion like others. The British coin the word ‘Hindu’ and considered it as a religion.

He said: ‘Religions have become an MLM (multi-level- marketing) industry that has been trying to expand the market share by conversion. The biggest business in today’s world is Spirituality. Hinduism is no exception’

He said “I am a Hindu primarily because it professes Non-violence – ‘Ahimsa Paramo Dharma’ means – Non violence is the highest duty. I am a Hindu because it doesn’t condition my mind with any faith system.

A man/woman who changes his/her birth religion to another religion is a fake and does not value his/her morals, culture and values in life.

Hinduism is the original rather a natural yet a logical and satisfying spiritual, personal and a scientific way of leaving a life..



“An History of India as it Happened (not as it was written)”:

 “An History of India as it Happened (not as it was written)”:

It is not only Indian historians, who are negationists, but also western historians and India-specialists. We know that the first historians of Indian – the Britishers – twisted India’s history to suit their theory that they had come to civilize a race which was not only inferior to them, but also was supposed to have been heavily influenced in its philosophies or arts by European invaders – read the Aryans or Alexander the Great. But what is less known is that today many western historians not only still cling to these old outdated theories, but also actually more or less will fully mislead the general European public, who is generally totally ignorant and takes these “knowledgeable” comments about India as the absolute truth. One example is France, which has a long tradition of Indianists, who devote their time and life to the study of India. The main school of historic research in France is called the CNRS (National Center of Social Research), which has a very important South Asia section, of which India, of course, is the main component. Unfortunately, many of these India-specialists are not only Left-leaning, that is they are very close to the ideas of the JNU historians, with whom they are anyway in constant contact, but are also specialists of the Mogul period of India history, which is to say that they are sympathetic to Islam’s point of view on India, while they often consider Hindus as fanatics…

Take for instance one of the recent Indian History books published in France “Histoire de l’Inde moderne” (1994 Fayard / Paris), the authors (there are seven of, all famous Indianists), having subscribed to the usual Aryan invasion theory, accuse Shiva “to incarnate obscure forces” (Introduction III) and of course use the word “fanatics” to describe the Hindus who brought down the Ayodhya mosque. Basically, the book does an apology of he moghol period in India; while keeping quiet about all their crimes. In the chapter dealing for instance with Vijaynagar, the last great empire of free India, which symbolized a Hindu Renaissance after nine centuries of savage Muslim conquests, one cannot but perceive the enmity of the authors for Hinduism. The two young princes, founder of Vijaynagar who were converted by force to Islam when in captivity, are accused of “duplicity”, because they reverted back to Hinduism as soon as they were free; then the French historians highlight the “ambition of Brahmins, who used these two young princes to reconquer the power that at been lost at the hands of the conquering Muslims” (page 54); the book then mentions “the unquenchable exigencies of the (Hindu) central power in Vijaynagar”, forgetting to say that that for the first time in centuries, Hindus could practice freely their faith, that they were not killed, their women raped, their children taken as slaves and converted to Islam. And all this to finally sum up in seven words the terrible end of Vijaynagar, which has left a wound in the Hindu psyche even up to today: “looting and massacres lasted for three days”…

But the authors of “Histoire de l’Inde moderne” do not only run down Hindus, they also glorify Muslims, particularly the Moghols. Babur for instance, this monster who killed hundreds of thousands of Hindus and razed thousands of temples becomes at their hands a gentle hero: “ Babur did not like India and preferred to isolate himself in the exquisite gardens he had devised, with their geometrical design, their crossed canals, which evoked to him the rivers of paradise”. Oh, God what a sensitive poet! And to make it sound even more glorious, the author adds: “there he translated a manual of Koranic law and a Sufi treaty of morals”. Oh, what a saint and lover of humanity… Aurangzeb, the cruelest of the Moghul emperors, has also the full sympathies of the authors: “Aurangzeb seems to have concentrated on himself the hatred of militant Hindus, who attribute to him systematic destruction of temples and massive conversion drives. But this Manichean impression has to be seriously countered (page 126)”… Unfortunately for the authors, as we have seen earlier, Aurangzeb was not only proud of what he was doing to the Hindus, but he had his scribes note each deed down for posterity… In 2006 the same authors published “L’Inde contemporaine”, with the same prejudices and bias against Hindus and their political parties.

These French Indianists have also a tradition of speaking against the BJP, which they have always labeled as “fundamentalist” and dangerous for the “secular” fabric of India, although the BJP has been in power for quite a few years and nothing dramatic has happened to the secular fabric of India. The problem is that these Indianists not only write lengthy and pompous articles in France’s main newspapers, such as Left-leaning Le Monde, explaining to the ignorant reader why is India on the point of exploding because of fanatic Hindus, or how the Harijans in India are still the most downtrodden people on earth (this is why when President Narayanan visited France in April 2000, all the French newspapers chose to only highlight that he was an untouchable and that religious minorities in India were persecuted, nearly provoking a diplomatic incident between France and India), but unfortunately they also advise the French government, who like his citizens, is often shamefully ignorant and uninterested by India. This is why, although there has been a lot of sympathy for the French in India because of their tolerant response to the Indian nuclear tests of 1998 (whereas the whole western world reacted hysterically by imposing absurd sanctions), France has not yet bothered to capitalize on this sympathy and has not managed to realize that India is the ideal economic alternative to a very volatile China.

It would be nice to say that Indian journalists are not blind to this influence of French Indianists and the adverse impact it has on Indo-French relations, but when Christophe Jaffrelot, for instance who wrote many a nasty books on Hindu fundamentalism and is most responsible for the bad image the BJP in France, comes to India to release the English translation of his book, he is feted by the Press corps and all kind of laudatory reviews are printed in the Indian Press. So much for secularism in India.

And, ultimately, it is a miracle that Hinduism survived the onslaught of Muslim savagery; it shows how deep was her faith, how profound her karma, how deeply ingrained her soul in the hearts of her faithfuls. We do not want to point a finger at Muslim atrocities, yet they should not be denied and their mistakes should not be repeated today. But the real question is: Can Islam ever accept Hinduism? We shall turn towards the Sage, the yogi, who fought for India’s independence, accepting the Gita’s message of karma of violence when necessary, yet who had a broad vision that softened his words: “You can live with a religion whose principle is toleration. But how is it possible to live peacefully with a religion whose principle is “I will not tolerate you? How are you going to have unity with these people?…The Hindu is ready to tolerate; he is open to new ideas and his culture and has got a wonderful capacity for assimilation, but always provided India’s central truth is recognised.. (Sri Aurobindo India’s Rebirth 161,173)
Or behold this, written on September 1909: “Every action for instance which may be objectionable to a number of Mahomedans, is now liable to be forbidden because it is likely to lead to a breach of peace. And one is dimly beginning to wonder whether worship in Hindu temples may be forbidden on that valid ground (India’s Rebirth p. 55). How prophetic! Sri Aurobindo could not have foreseen that so many Muslim countries would ban Rushdie’s book and that Hindu processions would often be forbidden in cities, for fear of offending the Muslims. Sri Aurobindo felt that sooner or later Hindus would have to assert again the greatness of Hinduism.

And here we must say a word about monotheism, for it is the key to the understanding of Islam. Christians and Muslims (and Jews) have always harped on the fact that their religions sprang-up as a reaction against the pagan polytheist creeds, which adored many Gods. « There is only one real God they said (ours), all the rest are just worthless idols ». This « monotheism versus polytheism business » has fuelled since then the deep, fanatic, violent and murderous zeal of Islam against polytheist religions, particularly against Hinduism, which is the most comprehensive, most widely practiced of all them. It even cemented an alliance of sorts between the two great monotheist religions of the world, Christianity and Islam, witness the Britishers’ attitude in India, who favoured Indian Muslims and Sikhs against the Hindus; or the King of Morocco who, even though he is one of the most moderate Muslim leaders in the world, recently said in an interview: « we have no fight with Christianity, our battle is against the Infidel who adores many gods ».
But as we have seen earlier, Hinduism is without any doubt the most monotheist religion in the World, for it recognises divine unity in multiplicity. It does not say: « there is only one God, which is Mohammed. If you do not believe in Him I will kill you ». It says instead: « Yes Mohammed is a manifestation of God, but so is Christ, or Buddha, or Krishna, or Confucius ». This philosophy, this way of seeing, which the Christians and Muslims call « impious », is actually the foundation for a true monotheist understanding of the world. It is because of this « If you do not recognize Allah (or Christ), I will kill you », that tens of millions of Hindus were slaughtered by Arabs and other millions of South Americans annihilated by the Christians. And ultimately the question is: Are the Muslims of today ready to accept Hinduism ? Unfortunately no. For Muslims all over the world, Hinduism is still the Infidel religion « par excellence ». This what their religion tell them, at every moment, at every verse, at the beginning of each prayer : « Only Allah is great ». And their mollahs still enjoin them to go on fight « jihad » to deliver the world of the infidels. And if the armies of Babar are not there any longer; and if it is not done any more to kill a 100.000 Hindus in a day, there is still the possibility of planting a few bombs in Coimbatore, Mumbai or Varanasi, of fuelling separatisms in the hated land and eventually to drop a nuclear device, which will settle the problem once and for all. As to the Indian Muslim, he might relate to his Hindu brother, for whatever he says, he remains an Indian, nay a Indu; but his religion will make sure that he does not forget that his duty is to hate the Infidel. This is the crux of the problem today and the riddle if Islam has to solved, if it wants to survive in the long run.

We will never be able to assess the immense physical harm done to India by the Muslim invasions. Even more difficult is to estimate the moral and the spiritual damage done to Hindu India. But once again, the question is not of vengeance, or of reawakening old ghosts, but of not repeating the same mistakes. Unfortunately, the harm done by the Muslims conquest is not over. The seeds planted by the Moghols, by Babar, Mahmud, or Aurangzeb, have matured: the 125 million Indian Muslims of today have forgotten that they were once peaceful, loving Hindus, forcibly converted to a religion they hated. And they sometimes take-up as theirs a cry of fanaticism which is totally alien to their culture. Indeed, as Sri Aurobindo once said: “More than 90% of the Indian Muslims are descendants of converted Hindus and belong as much to the Indian nation as the Hindu themselves”…(Rebirth of India, p.237) The embryo of secession planted by the Mahomedans, has also matured into a poisonous tree which has been called Pakistan and comes back to haunt India through three wars and the shadow of a nuclear conflict embracing South Asia. And in India, Kashmir and Kargil are reminders that the Moghol cry for the house of Islam in India is not yet over.

One of the main reasons I have decided to build in Pune a Museum of Indian History, dedicated to the great Shivaji Maharaj (who is depicted in Indian History books as a petty chieftain and a plunderer), is that it will not be enough to rewrite Indian History in books, it will also have to be done in STONE. Please see our website fact-india.com and contribute financially, if you can, to the making of that Museum (we have US, UK and Indian tax exemption). We are also looking for IT persons to donate time to do presentations, animations & GAMES based on the lives of India’s Hindu heroes: Shivaji Maharaj, Maharana Pratap, Rani of Jhansi, Ahilyabhai, the Vijaynagar empire, etc. You can contact me at fgautier@rediffmail.com

courtesy  Francois Gautier, a french author and journalist, who has been covering India and South Asia for the last 35 years. All throughout his reporting years, he noticed that most western correspondents were projecting the problems, warts and shortcomings of India. Hence when Francois Gautier got a journalism prize (Natchiketa Award of excellence in journalism) from the Prime Minister of India, he used the prize money to mount a series of conferences & exhibitions highlighting the magnificence of India and the threats to its sovereignty.


Gayatri mantra has been bestowed the greatest importance in Vedic dharma.  This mantra has also been termed as Savitri and Ved-Mata, the mother of the Vedas.
Om bhur bhuvah swah
Tat savitur varenyam
Bhargo devasya dheemahi
Dhiyo yo nah prachodayat

The literal meaning of the mantra is: O God! You are Omnipresent, Omnipotent and Almighty, You are all Light. You are all Knowledge and Bliss. You are Destroyer of fear, You are Creator of this Universe, You are the Greatest of all. We bow and meditate upon Your light. You guide our intellect in the right direction. The mantra, however, has a great scientific importance too, which somehow got lost in the literary tradition. The modern astrophysics and astronomy tell us that our Galaxy called Milky Way or Akash-Ganga contains approximately 100,000 million of stars. Each star is like our sun having its own planet system. We know that the moon moves round the earth and the earth moves round the sun along with the moon. All planets round the sun. Each of the above bodies revolves round at its own axis as well. Our sun along with its family takes one round of the galactic center in 22.5 crore years. All galaxies including ours are moving away at a terrific velocity of 20,000 miles per second.

An alternative scientific meaning of the mantra, line by line is provided below.

  Line 1:
Bhur the earth, bhuvah the planets (solar family), swah the Galaxy.  We observe
that when an ordinary fan with a speed of 900 RPM (rotations Per minute) moves,
it makes noise. Then, one can imagine, what great noise would be created when
the galaxies move with a speed of 20,000 miles per second. This is what this
portion of the mantra explains that the sound produced due to the fast-moving
earth, planets and galaxies is Om. The sound was heard during meditation by
Rishi Vishvamitra, who mentioned it to other colleagues. All of them, then
unanimously decided to call this sound Om the name of God, because this sound is
available in all the three periods of time, hence it is set (permanent).
Therefore, it was the first ever revolutionary idea to identify formless God
with a specific title (form) called upadhi. Until that time, everybody
recognized God as formless and nobody was prepared to accept this new idea. In
the Gita also, it is said, “Om-iti ekaksharam brahma”, meaning that the name of
the Supreme is Om , which contains only one syllable (8/12). This sound Om heard
during samadhi was called by all the seers nada-brahma a very great noise), but
not a noise that is normally heard beyond a specific amplitude and limits of
decibels suited to human hearing. Hence the rishis called this
sound Udgith musical sound of the above, i.e., heaven. They also noticed that
the infinite mass of galaxies moving with a velocity of 20,000 miles/second was
generating a kinetic energy = 1/2 MV2 and this was balancing the total energy
consumption of the cosmos. Hence they named it Pranavah, which means the body
(vapu) or store house of energy (prana).

Tat that (God), savitur the sun (star), varenyam worthy of bowing or respect.
Once the form of a person along with the name is known to us, we may locate the
specific person.Hence the two titles (upadhi) provide the solid ground to
identify the formless God, Vishvamitra suggested. He told us that we could know
(realize) the unknowable formless God through the known factors, viz., sound Om
and light of suns (stars). A mathematician can solve an equation x2+y2=4; if
x=2; then y can be known and so on. An engineer can measure the width of a river
even by standing at the riverbank just by drawing a triangle. So was the
scientific method suggested by Vishvamitra in the mantra in the next portion as

Line 3:
Bhargo the light, devasya of the deity, dheemahi we should meditate.  The rishi
instructs us to meditate upon the available form (light of suns) to discover the
formless Creator (God). Also he wants us to do japa of the word Om (this is
understood in the Mantra). This is how the sage wants us to proceed, but there
is a great problem to realize it, as the human mind is so shaky and restless
that without the grace of the Supreme (Brahma) it cannot be controlled. Hence
Vishvamitra suggests the way to pray Him as under:

Line 4:
Dhiyo (intellect), yo (who), nah (we all), prachodayat (guide to right
Direction). O God! Deploy our intellect on the right path. Full scientific
interpretation of the Mantra: The earth (bhur), the planets (bhuvah), and the
galaxies (swah) are moving at a very great velocity, the sound produced is Om ,
(the name of formless God.) That God (tat), who manifests Himself in the form of
light of suns (savitur) is worthy of bowing/respect (varenyam). We all,
therefore, should meditate (dheemahi) upon the light (bhargo) of that deity
(devasya) and also do chanting of Om. May He (yo) guide in right direction
(prachodayat) our(nah) intellect dhiyo.

The important points hinted in the mantra are

1) The total kinetic energy generated by the movement of galaxies acts as an
umbrella and balances the total energy consumption of the cosmos. Hence it was
named as the Pranavah (body of energy). This is equal to 1/2 mv2
(Mass of galaxies x square of velocity.)
2) Realizing the great importance of the syllable OM , the other later date
religions adopted this word with a slight change in accent,  viz., Amen and Ameen.
So Memorize and Chant Mantra everyday

Courtesy :Thanks Sampath Iyengar : USA

Primary duty of Brahmins – WAY OUT OF MISERY!



Brahmins have got various professional and business degrees and have moved all over the world. They thrive well in their chosen professions. They take part in many leadership roles and have even become political leaders. Many of our past and present PMs, CMs and Presidents are examples of such leadership positions. Chanakya was an historical example.
In this process we Brahmins have slowly forgotten the primary duty of Brahmins. That is more spiritual in nature and not political or business roles. The direct process of social transformation is through better governance, education, wealth creation, health improvement etc. This can be done by the Government, Business and other transforming agents. This is the most visible and most attractive way. For example people think that Modi becoming PM will bring good transformation in India. Quite likely.
But our ancestors knew the limitations of all these social and governmental transformations. Hence the Brahmin community was given an entirely different role. That is the spiritual transformation of the people. This was considered to be the most beneficial and most permanent solution to the miseries of Man!
We study many Business principles in MBA course and many Administrative principles as IAS and many medical and surgical procedures as a Health professional. Similarly in the religious and spiritual field the highest research has yielded the Vedas and all the principles of life, death, Misery and happiness. But our ancient Rishis were well aware that they need very powerful tools to bring about transformation in the bulk of the common people. They followed the best of SOCIALISM OR COMMUNISM (don’t confuse with politics!) in the sense that they wanted the spiritual benefits to reach the most humble human being on the earth.
To make the spiritual transformation reach the grass roots, they invented and developed very powerful tools. These are the use of Mantras and creation or development of the Brahmin caste. They were handed over the powerful Veda Mantras which could directly remove the misery of man by endowing both physical and spiritual benefits on the common man. They have given wonderful Philosophy to the intellectuals in the Upanishads. They have set up many procedures to directly deliver the good to the people. These are chanting of the Vedas and performance of many Homas to benefit the people. To make the Veda mantras effective, they have given many restrictions on how a Brahmin should live, what and when he should eat etc. Starting from Sandya Vandana, there are a large number of procedures to make the Brahmin pure and fit to deliver the goods! A Brahmin need not be a professional Sastrigal but atleast can practice as many procedures by him as possible to make himself fit for progress.They have also given so many other ways of worship, Vratas, Festivals and procedures to people of all castes. These are for giving them permanent and lasting freedom from misery and to keep increasing their levels of happiness.
The transformation in Man is not 1 or 0. That is you are NOT either a saint or a sinner! The progress is continuous and keeps on making one more and more evolved and more and more free or blissful. There is scope for the worst sinner to start climbing the ladder. So every one is partly a saint and partly a sinner. The percentages makes the different from one to the other! Everyone continues from where he left in the previous birth. This explains why there are saintly souls and horrible sinners amongst us at the same time!
But the SAD part is that Brahmins have substantially forgotten their spiritual role and have submerged themselves in wealth pursuits thinking that MONEY alone is real. The need is to realise their true roles and slowly disentangle themselves from the web of MORE WEALTH – MORE HAPPINESS, which is false and misleading. Life is short and is not worth wasting away in non spiritual pursuits. Brahmins should set the examples to other sections of society. If they merge with other sections in wining and dining and 5-7-9 bedroom houses, then their original purpose is completely lost. By all means earn well and live happily but all the time remember that there is a more permanent and sure way to get out of misery!



Importance of Pradosham – Dedicated to Shiva

Pradhosha Vrata, or Pradhosham, is an important fasting day dedicated to Lord Shiva. Pradosha occurs twice in a month – on the 13th day (Trayodashi) – during the waxing moon fortnight and the other during the waning moon fortnight. The puja and worship is done in the evening. The Pradosha period can be loosely indicated as 1.5 hours before sunset and 1 hour after sunset.

The Shiva Purana states that one undertakes fasting on Pradhosha will be blessed with wealth, children, happiness and honor. The fasting and worship is specially undertaken by women who long to have children. It is said that those praying to Shiva during the auspicious time of Pradhosha will be freed from sins.

There are numerous legends associated with the Pradhosha Vratam. It is believed that Lord Shiva drank the Halahala poison that was churned up from the Ocean of Milk (Samudra Manthan) during Pradosham.

Another myth indicates that Lord Shiva and Parvati, the divine couple, are in a propitious mood during the evening twilight on the Trayodashi day and hence are easily pleased and grants whatever that a sincere devotee asks.

Offering Bael or Bilva leaves during the period to Lord Shiva is considered auspicious.

There are Shiva devotees that observe fast on both Pradosha days in a month. Some only fast during the waning phase of moon.

Staunch devotees opt for water only fasting and will only eat the ‘prasad’ offered in the evening. Such devotees only eat cooked from next day morning.

Another method of fasting is by eating fruits and such devotees eat cooked food on the day after the evening prayers. The strictness of the Pradosha fasting is usually decided by the devotee.

Some devotees do not fast but worship Shiva during the period or visit temples.

Since Monday is dedicated to Shiva, the Pradosha falling on Monday is referred as Soma- Pradosha and is considered highly auspicious. Pradosha falling on Saturday during the waning phase of moon is also auspicious.

How to do or observe Pradosham or Pradosh Vrat dedicated to Shiva?

Pradosh Vrat is observed on the 13th day of a fortnight and there are two Pradosham in a Hindu month. Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are worshipped in the evening during twilight on this day. In some regions, the day is dedicated to Nataraja form of Shiva. The fasting on this day is observed for success, peace and fulfillment of desires. It is said that mere darshan of any of the one form of Shiva removes ignorance.

Pradosham is observed when the Trayodashi Tithi is there during the twilight period. This is important.

The importance of Pradosha Vrata and how to observe it is narrated in the Skanda Purana.

There are two methods of fasting on the day. Some people observe a 24-hour fast which includes not sleeping during night. Another method is fasting from sunrise till sunset and after Shiva puja in the evening the fast is broken.

Pradosham is the twilight period just before sunset and after sunset. Pujas and prayers are performed during this period. Many people during this period spend the time in a Shiva temple or listening to the glory of Shiva.
In the evening, an hour before sunset the devotee takes bath and prayers are offered to Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvathi, Ganesha, Kartik and Nandi. After the initial prayers, Lord Shiva is worshipped in the form of a Kalasha (sacred pot). The Kalasha filled with water is covered with darbha grass and a lotus is drawn on the pot.

Another form of worship is the puja of Shivling. The shivling is bathed with water and Bilva leaves are offered. Some people use a painting or picture of Shiva for worship. It is said that offering Bilva leaves on Pradosham is highly auspicious.

After this people listen to the Pradosha Vrata Katha or story or read chapters from Shiva Purana. Then the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra is recited 108 times.

After this the water used in the puja ceremony is given as ‘Prasad’ along with sacred ash. The ash is applied on the forehead.

It is said that just lighting a single lamp during Pradosham period is enough to please Lord Shiva and the act is highly rewarding. Majority of Shiva devotees have a darshan of Shiva during Pradosham in a nearby temple.


Yadus of Central Asia and Siberia

Yadus of Central Asia and Siberia:- From...
King Alti 28 June 01:24
Yadus of Central Asia and Siberia:-

From Brannon Parker: “The following is excerpted from research on the writings of Colonel Tod. Col. Tod was a British military man who did extensive research into India’s history. He spent much time in India during the 1800s and claimed to have found many ancient recorded evidences and writings in Rajasthan, India. These findings convinced him that India’s people and civilization were the genesis of much of the world’s civilization. In his book, “Rajasthan”, he traced a multitude of links to India. Below are some of his findings on India’s connection to Turkestan and Northern Asia.

The Turanians extending over the whole of Turkestan and Central Asia were originally an Indian people. Colonel Tod says, “Abdul Gazi says that Tamak, the son of Ture, is the the Turishka of the Puranas. His descendants gave their name to Tocharistan or Turkestan.” Professor Max Muller says, “Turvas and his descendants who represent Turanians are described in the later poems of India as cursed and deprived of their inheritance,” and hence their migration.

Colonel Tod says, “The Jaisalmer annals assert that the Yadu (Lord Krishna’s dynasty) and the Bahlika branches of the Indu race ruled Korassan after the Great War of Kurukshetra and are the Indo-Scythic races mentioned in the ancient Greek writings.” Besides the Bahlika and the numerous branches of the Indo-Medes, many of the sons of Kuru dispersed over these regions, amongst which we may place the Uttara Kurus, or Northern Kurus of the Puranas. They were known as the Ottorocurae to the ancient Greeks. Both the Indus and the Surya peoples were sending their excess population to these distant regions.”

A Mohammedan historian says that emigrants from India first inhabited the country of Khata. It is also known that Hindu settlers left India for Siberia, where they founded a kingdom, with Bajrapur as its capital. It is related that upon the death the king of that country in battle, three of Lord Krishna’s sons, Pradyumna, Gada, and Samba, made a journey to Bajrapur. They were also accompanied by a large number of brahmanas (priests) and ksatriyas (warriors). The eldest brother, Pradyumna, ascended the throne. When Lord Krishna left this world, it is said that the inhabitants of Bajrapur came to Dvaraka, Krishna’s city, to console His family members. (This is recorded in the Hari Vamsha, Vishnu Parva, Adhyaya 97.)

Colonel Tod continues, “The annals of the Yadus of Jaisalmer state that long before King Vikrama they held dominion from Ghazni to Samarkhand. They established themselves in those regions after the Great War of the Mahabharata and were not pushed back to the Indus until the rise of Islam. The Yadus of Jaisalmer ruled Zabulistan and founded Ghazni. They also claim Chagatai (a descendant of Genghis Khan) as being of their own bloodline. This is a claim I now deem worthy of credit.”

The Afghans are the descendants of the Aphgana, the serpent tribe of the Apivansa region of ancient India. According to Abu Haukal, the city of Herat is also called Heri. This adjoins Maru or Murve, the country called Seestan, which was also a settlement of the Hindus. Seestan (the region of cold, see-stan) and all sides of the valley were occupied since very ancient times by another branch of the Yadus.

In fact the very name of the continent Asia comes from the Indian clan who were known as the Ashva. Also the name Europa comes from the Sanskrit words Surupa which means “beautiful form.”

It has been shown that the Bactrians were an Indian people and that the Indian migrations extended to Siberia and the northernmost parts of Asia. This is evident from the fact that the descendants of these Vedic Aryans are still to be found there. The Samoyedes and Tchoudes of Siberia and Finland were originally known as the Shyamayadus and the Joudes of India. The languages of the two former races have a strong affinity and are classed as Indo-Germanic by Klaproth, the author of the book “Asia Polyglotta.” Mr. Remusat traces these tribes to Central Asia, the exact place where the Yadu dynasty long held sway. Shyama is a name of Krishna and Krishna is known as the Lord of the Yadus and this branch of His family was known as the Shyama Yadus.

The race of Joude is described by Baber as occupying the mountainous range at the very spot mentioned in the annals of the Yadus as the point marking the furthest extension of their migrations. The most prominent hill in this range is called Yadu-ki-dang or “hill of Yadu”. According to these records, they left India approx. 4000 years ago.”

Source: http://www.veda.harekrsna.cz/connections/Western-Asia.php.

Western Asia

Yadus of Central Asia and Siberia

Sakala Dosh Nivaran Puja Seva

Ranjani Geethalaya ( Regd)
Ranjani Geethalaya (Regd)
SAKALA DOSH NIVARAN PUJA SEVA is  proposing to arrange following Pujas/ Homams for the benefit of all and for removal of problems and dosh of all in October/ November 2012 and on regular basis for Individuals and Groups
Maha Ganapathi Homam
(for removal of all obstacles and success in 
Nakshatra,Navagraha Homam
(for removal of malefic effects of planets) 
Srisuktha Homam
( for success in Job, business, financial prosperity, 
Maha Dhanvantri Homam( for removal of chronic diseases and good 
Swayamvara Parvathi Homam
(for early marriage and for happy married life) 
Santhana Gopala Homam 
(Putra Kameshti Santana Gopala yagya for childless couples), 
Maha Sudarshana Homam
( for settlement of loans, court cases, destruction of negativity, enemies and all kinds of obstacles)
 Maha Mrityunjaya Homam
Maha Dhanvantri Homam

YOU MAY SEND us YOUR DETAILS OF NAME, GOTHRA, BIRTH STAR AND HOMAM TO BE PERFORMED. THE EXPENSES FOR THE SAme shall be conveyed to you as Per the homams to be performed for you. it is re iterated that this is being performed as a social service to public  on no profit no loss basis. Any savings would be used for charities for poor and needy people.
for further details please contact
Pandit Hari Krishnamurthy
your donations/contributions may be sent to 


Interesting facts on Indian Mythology

Mandavi and Shrutkirti, the wives of Bharata and Shatrughana
respectively where the daughters of Kushadbhoja,the brother of King
Demons Madhu & Kaitabha who were killed by Lord Vishnu at the
creation of the world were born as Atikaya & Trishara, as sons of
Ravana & Dhanyamalini.
Jambavantha,who is believed to live from Sat Yug to Dwapara Yug is
considered as the King of bears & the 1st son of Brahma before humans
were created.
Jambavati, one of the chief wives of Krishna was daughter of
Jambavantha, with whom lord Krishna had duel for the gem
Syamantaka known as Kohinoor.
King of Nagas- “Shesha” the incarnation of supreme God Sankarshan
is said to hold all planets on his hoods & constantly sing the glories of
Hanumana was son of Kesari, s/o Brihaspati & Anjana a celestial
apsara born on earth as female Vanara due to curse.
Hanumana had a duel with his own son Makardhwaj while he reached
ether to rescue Rama & Lakshmana who had been kidnapped by
Ravana’s associates.
Goddess Saraswati is shown holding Book, Rosary, Pot of scared water
& Vina depicting knowledge, spirituality, purification & Art
Manthara, cursed Indera, the king of gods that he would not be
worshipped, as he prompted her to instigate kaikeyi for the exile of
Pavak, Pavamana & Shuchi, the three sons of Swaha, the daughter of
Daksha who was married to Agni consume all the oblations offered to
fire of Yagna.
Atri proclaimed the theory of 3 strands that represent creation-
Brahma-“A”, sustenance-Vishnu-“U” & destruction-Shiva-“M” ie
“AUM” of the sacred thread Janeu.
Durga-beyond reach, Bhadrakali- power of time,Lalita-playful, Chandiviolent,
Annapurna- food giver, Amba- the mother & Bhairavi-fearful
are forms of Parvati.
1st form of Maa Durga- “Shailputri” worshipped on the first Navratra
mounts on the bull holding a lance in the right hand & a lotus in the left
Brahmacharini the 2nd form of Maa Durga-known as Aparna holds a
rosary & Kamandalu in her right & left hand & blesses unending
benefits of restraint.
“Chandraghanta” third facet of Durga has 10 hands, 3 eyes & bell
typed half moon on her forehead is worshipped for peace, tranquility &
Krishnamanda/Adi- Swarup/Astbhuja created universe with her smile,
Destroys diseases, sorrows & depression, blesses age, health &
Lord Kartikeya-Skanda who was commander in chief in the war against
the demons was son of Skanda Mata. She is worshipped on 5th day of
6th form of Maa Durga- Katyayni-has 3 eyes & 8 hands, was born to
Rishi Katyayan who practiced penance with a desire to get Paramba as
his daughter.
Black like night, having unlocked hair, wearing necklaces, shining like
lightening, riding on dead body-KALRATRI is the 7th facet of Maa-
Fair as conch, moon & Kunda flower, having her body washed by Lord
Shiva with Ganga’s water, 8 year old- is Maha Gauri- the 8th facet of
Maa Durga.
Siddhi’s such Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakamaya,
Isitwa & Vasitwa are blessed by the 9th facet of Maa Durga Siddhidatri.
Anirudda, grand-son of Krishana married Usha, daughter of Banasura
a thousand-armed asura the son of Bali.
Lord Rama was thirteen, when he married Sita who was six years old
By all means marry. If you get a good wìfe, you will be happy. If you get
a bad one, you will become a philosopher. SOCRATES
AGASTYA-Sage who drank the ocean.BHAIRATH-Sage who brought
Ganga from heaven.BHARADWAJ-father of teacher Drona.
Naraka in Hinduism is compared to Abrahmic concept of Hell, is ruled
by the Death God,such as the Hebrew bible’s Nergal,the Hindu Yama or
the christian Satan.
One of Sapatrishis, Maharishi Vishwamittera composed GYATRI –
is also known as Ithas, Jay & 5th Veda
Pleased with hospitality, Rishi Durvash gave boon to Kunti to have sons
through gods .
Janmejaya , the last king of Pandu’s dynasty was the son of Prikshit,
grandson of Abhimanyu and great grandson of Arjuna.
Some of many incarnations of Maa Durga are- Kali, Bhagvati, Bhavani,
Ambika, Lalita, Gauri, Kandalini, Java and Rajeshwari.
Indian deities are shown with many hands holding some object which
symbolize various qualities.
Balrama the elder brother of Lord Krishana was son of Rohani &
Divine draftsman, Vishvakarama constructed Heaven, Sone Ki
Lanka,Dwarka & Hastinapur in Satya -yug, Tareta, Dwaper & Kaliyug


Architect Vishwakarm was also designer of flying chariots, divine
weapons & creator of missiles & Vajra the weapon of Indera.
Apart from Manu- Smriti there are Yagnavlka, Narada, Parashara &
Devala Smrities too.
In Satyug Lord Vishnu had incarnations as Matasya-FISH, Kachap-
TORTOISE, Vahra-BOAR, Narsingh-Half man- Half lion & Vaman-
King Sibi was put to test by god Indra and god Agni in disguise of hawk
and dove.
Jyotirlings of Shiva with their respective states – Kedarnath-
Uttaranchal, Baijnath- Bihar, Vishwanatha- Uttar Pradesh and
Nageshwar- Gujarat.
The vehicles of MAA LAKSHMI-the goddess of wealth, KARTIKE-the
god of war and KAMDEV- the god of love are owl, peacock and parrot
” Shiva ” is a symbol of kindness, friendlyness, graciousness or
Vishnu had 5th Vamana Avatar as son of Aditi, one of 13th wife of
Kashyapa, the son of Marichi Maanas-putera of Brahma.
The name of the family priest of Pandavas and Kauravas was
Any thing that you do not find in Mahabharta can not be found in any
book of the world.
A Mahayug is a sum total of Sat yug, Treta yug, Dwapar yug and Kal
yug and the lifespan of a Mahayug is 43, 20,000, multiple of 9.
The operator of the universe Lord Vishnu had nine Incarnations so for.
The life span of Satyug is 17,28,000 years, of Treta Yug is12,96,000
years,of Dwapar yug is of 9,96,000 years and that of Kalyug is 4,32,000
years. The life span of every yug is a multiple of 9.
The prime system of worship in Kali-yug is “Sat sang”, in Dwapar it
was “Pooja/ Archana”, in Tretha it was “Yagya” and in Satyug the
prime system of worship was “Tapasya”.
Lord Vishnu had his seventh incarnation as Maryadha Parshotam
Rama in Treta- Yug and had his eighth incarnation as Karm yogi
Krishna in Dwapar-Yug.
“Kyadu” was the mother of “Prahlad Bhagat”, the wife of
“Hiranyakashyapu” wrongly known as “Hiranyakashyap” who was
actually his elder brother. “Holika” was the sister of Hiranyakashyapu
who tried to set Prahlad on fire but was burnt herself.
“Kumbh Mela” festival takes place after twelve years at the following
four locations in India:-. Prayag, at the confluence of three rivers
Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati,
Haridwar, on the bank of river Ganga, Ujjain,on the bank of Ksipra
river and Nasik, on the bank of Godavari river.
The short tempered Rishi Durvasa was the son of Rishi Atri and
Ansuiya and is known as one of the incarnations of Lord Shiva.
“Raj Gopalacharya” was the first who translated Ramayana in
Shubh ( luck ) & Labh ( profit ) are known as the two sons of Lord
Ganesha, the God of fortune.
Ridhi (grandeur) and Siddhi (accomplishment) are known as the two
wives of Lord Ganesha.
Among 18 Purans , Shrimad Bhagwat Puran is considered as the
Only one temple in Pushkar in Rajasthan is attributed to Brahma.
Sri Lanka was constructed by Vishwakarma on the instance of Lord
Shiva for his consort Parvati.
“Trishul – Pani” was the first incarnation of Lord Shiva.
Kaydu, the wife of Hiranyakeshapu and Suniti, the wife of Uttanpad
were the mothers of Prahlad and Dhruv respectively.
King Janaka & his minister Sumanta were married on same day, Hour
& place
Devahuti, Prasuti and Akuti were the grand daughters of Lord
Bhagirath who brought river Ganga to earth was the son of Dileep &
grandson of Anshuman.
Barbreek, the son of Ghatotkach and the grandson of Bheema offered
his head as “Gurudakshana” to Lord Krishna and now is worshipped
as “Khatushyam”.
Disrespecting the elders “Dushasana”, the brother of “Duryodhana”
shot the first arrow in the battle of Mahabharata
None of the elderly persons of Mahabharata ever wished Duryodhana
“Vijay Bhava”- (May you win).
Saraswati, the consort of Brahma is known as Goddess of Education &
Lakshmi, the consort of Vishnu is known as Goddess of Wealth
According to Indian mythology Ahalaya, Droupadi, Tara, Kunti &
Mandhodri though married yet are considered damsel.
According to Indian mythology Ashavathama, Kripacharya, Ved Vyas,
Hanumana, Raja Balli, Vibhishana & Pershurama are considered
Born at Phillour in Punjab, Shivanand composed Aarti”OM JAi
JAGDISH.” in 1870 .
Arjuna the prominent character of Mahabharata is also known as
Savyasachin – “one who can perform every task with either of his
Dharmkashatra, Sathyam- Shivam & Sunderam temples of worship
established by Sathya Sai Baba are at Mumbai, Hyderabad & Chennai
Out of 51 Shakti-Peeth, “places of worship of Goddess Shakti” the most
important Shakti Peeth known as the Kamakshi temple is in the state of
Siddhi and Buddhi the wives of Ganesha were daughters of Vish- varna
and grand daughters of Kashyap.
Four temples of Lord Shiva in the state of Maharashtra are known as
Grishneshwar, Bhimashankar, Mahakaleshwar & Tryambakashwar.
Sathya-Sai-Baba claimed himself to be the re-incarnation of Shirdi -Sai-
Baba on May 23, 1940
Ikshvaku dynasty was started by Vivasvan, the grandson of Marichi,
one of the Manas putr of Brahma and ended by Lov and Kush, the sons
of Rama.
Out of 108 names of Lord Shiva, Hara-sin remover, Omkara-creator of
Om and Umapati- consort of Uma are the only names that start with H,
O and U.
Nine words- of GAYATRl-MANTRA stand for humility, austerity,
orderliness, co-operation, wisdom, integrity, responsibility & courage.
One of the importance of No 108 is that diameter of the sun is 108 times
the diameter of the earth.
The MALA has 108 beads & in Sikh tradition has a MALA OF 108
Knots tied in a string of wool, there are 108 forms of dance.
Due to severe penance Bhagat Dhruv was blessed to rule for a period of
36000 yrs approx and was also granted an eternal place in heaven as
pole star.
The river Saraswati was brought to earth by Rishi Keshava in the same
way as Bhagiratha brought Ganga to the earth.
Lord Krishna mastered 64 subjects in 64 days with the blessings of his
teacher Rishi Garg.
Black beauty, Draupadi is the only example of a woman having 5
brothers as her husbands.
Devhuti, the wife of Rishi Kardam was daughter of Swayambhav Manu
& Shatrupa who are known as the progenitors of human race.
Uttanpada the father of Dhruv (the pole star) was the son of
Swayambhav Manu & Shatrupa
The Bhagwad Gita consisting of 18 chapters is divided into three
segments Vishad Yog,Karam Yog and Bhakti Yog consisting of 6
chapters each.
Neglecting Bheeshma and Yudhishtra,due to the absence of steadiness
in their actions & thinking,Krishna chose Arjuna to deliver the
discourse of Gita.
Lord Vishnu had 4 incarnations in Sat Yug , 3 in Treta Yug , 1 in
Dwapar Yug , 1 in Kal Yug and 1 is yet awaited.
Names of Sapatrishi of present MANVANTRA are Atri, Vashishtha,
Gautama, Jamadagni Kashyapa, Vishvamitra & Bharadvaja.
Having been insulted by the sons of King Sagar, Rishi Kapil, the son of
Rishi Kardam reduced them into ashes.
According to Hindu religion “Shikha ” tuft of hair is known as flag of
Kala, Anusuya, Gati, Kriya, Khyati, Arundhati & Shanti were married
to Rishi Marichi, Atri, Pulaha, Kratu, Bhrigu, Vashishtha & Atharva
The vehicles of Lord Shiva family were “Nandi”-the ox, “Singh”-the
lion, “Moosak”-the rat and “Mor”-the peacock.
“Geeta”, the essence of Indian mythology is composed in 700 verses, out
of which Lord Krishna recited only 577 verses.
The cremation of “Daanvir Karna”, an important character of
Mahabharata was performed on the hand of Lord Krishna.
Ansuiya the wife of Rishi Attari is known as symbol of fidelity.
Shukaracharya is known as the Guru of Asurs “Demons” and Brishpati
is known as the Guru of Surs “Devas”.
“Savitri” was the pious Hindu woman who managed to get her husband
back to life after he died.
Celestial musicians who are half bird and half human are known as
Upanishads/ Vedanta’s are 108 in no; only 12 are the most important,
are the last part of Vedas & are in the form of dialogue between Guru &
The preceptor of devas, Brihaspati identified as Jupiter one of the
planets (Navgrah) was the son of Angirasa and Surupa.
Lord Shiva’s body consists of five faces- Sadyojata, Vamadeva, Aghora,
Tatpurusa and Isana which are known as Pancabrehmans.
According to Indian Mythology the vehicles of Kubera, Indera and
Yum-Raj are Pushpak- Viman, Aravat (the elephant) and Buffalo
Goddess Sheetala , God Varun and Shani had donkey, seven swans and
crow as their respective vehicles.
The seven sacred rivers of India are Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari,
Saraswati, Narmada, Sindhu and Kaveri.
Kardam Rishi & Devhuti were the parents of 9 daughters- Kala,
Ansuya, Gati,Kriya, Khyati, Arundhati, Shanti, Havirbhu & Shraddha
& 1 son- Rishi Kapil.
Lord Shiva has six, eight and twelve arms while in boon giving form,
destructive form and benign form respectively.
Siddhidhatri, Kalaratri, Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Katyayani,
Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandmata and Mahagauri are known as
the Nava Durgas.
Dattatreya was the confluence of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara.
Goddess Meenakshi, the sister of Lord Vishnu and the consort of Lord
Shiva had three breast before her marriage.
Lord Vishnu had incarnations as Preshni-Garav, Upinder & Krishna
born to the same parents with different names Pershin/Sulpa,
Aditi/Kashap & Devki/Vasudev.
In Sanskrit “Ga” stands for Knowledge, “Na” for Transcendence &
“Ish” for lordship. It means Ganesha stands for lord that transcendence
the knowledge.
The troops of Lord Shiva were known as “Gana”. Lord Shiva
appointed Ganesha as commander of His troops, thus he is known as
Son of Surya -Sanjana & husband of Shamale, Yum-raj is also known
as Mrtyu, Kala, Antaka, Vaivasvata, Sarva-panchera & Dharam-raj.
The first Shloka “Verse” spoken by Lord Krishna in The Bhagwad Gita
is number 11 of Parva “Chapter” 2 .
Ashta Lakshmi comprises of Adi Lakshmi, Dhanya Lakshmi, Dhairya
Lakshmi, Gaja Lakshmi, Santana Lakshmi, Vidya Lakshmi, Vijaya
Lakshmi & Dhana Lakshmi.
“Rahu-Ketu” the uninvited are the head and body of the same being
while Rahu represent short lived fortune, Ketu denotes the feeling of
Among the Panch Parameshwaras Lord Shiva, Vishnu, Ganesha,
Surya and Maa Durga, lord Shiva is known as Maha Deva.
Bhagavad Gita is like a lighthouse of eternal wisdom that inspires any
man or woman to supreme accomplishment & enlightenment.
Ishvara/ Supreme controller, Jiva/ soul, Prakriti/Matter, Dharma/duty
& Kala/time are philosophical subject matters explained in the
Amravati is the capital of Swarga ruled by Indera the king of gods &
Alakaapuri is the capital of Kubera, the God of Wealth.
Lord Rama was born on 10th January, 5114 BC. HE was exiled for 14
years on his 25th birth day. He killed Bali on 7th Oct. 5077 BC.
Out of 700 verses of Gita , 577, 79.5 , 42.5 and 1 have been recited by
Lord Krishna , Arjuna , Sanjay and Dharitrashtra respectively.
Ganesha the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati is the only son of
God and Goddess who too is worshipped.
The robes of saffron color worn by the Indian sages are a symbol of
renunciation of all worldly pleasures & the flag of Sanatan Dharma too
represents this.

Moderator: Many thanks to bandhu Aditham  for collection and presentation of wonderful information.


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56 delicacies for Lord Krishna (chappan Bhog)


The word Cchappan meaning 56 has a special significance in north India.  It was the number of meals (8 a day) that KR^shNa missed while He was holding up the GOvarddhanam for 7 days (8 X 7 =  56). That is the number of offerings that devotees make to Bhagavaan KR^shNa on special occasions. 
The list begins with Rasagulla and goes through Curds, Rice, Poori, Pappadam, etc. and ends in Cardamom.  I wonder if there is such a set list in the southern temples.  

छप्पन भोग   —  Cchappan BhOg

मुक्त ज्ञानकोष विकिपीडिया 
1-रसगुल्ला, 2-चन्द्रकला, 3-रबड़ी, 4-शूली, 5-दधी,
6-भात, 7-दाल, 8-चटनी, 9-कढ़ी, 10-साग-कढ़ी,
11-मठरी, 12-बड़ा, 13-कोणिका, 14- पूरी, 15-खजरा,
16-अवलेह, 17-वाटी, 18-सिखरिणी, 19-मुरब्बा, 20-मधुर,
21-कषाय, 22-तिक्त, 23-कटु पदार्थ, 24-अम्ल {खट्टा पदार्थ}, 25-शक्करपारा,
26-घेवर, 27-चिला, 28-मालपुआ, 29-जलेबी, 30-मेसूब,
31-पापड़, 32-सीरा, 33-मोहनथाल, 34-लौंगपूरी, 35-खुरमा,
36-गेहूं दलिया, 37-पारिखा, 38-सौंफ़लघा, 39-लड़्ड़ू, 40-दुधीरुप,
41-खीर, 42-घी, 43-मक्खन, 44-मलाई, 45-शाक,
46-शहद, 47-मोहनभोग, 48-अचार, 49-सूबत, 50-मंड़का,
51-फल, 52-लस्सी, 53-मठ्ठा, 54-पान, 55-सुपारी,
56-इलायची ।
Shrimati Usha Gupta who has a cooking blog says this much about this north Indian custom:
“Prasad” is offered to the deity with chanting
of religious prayers. A part of it is put to the lips
of the idol as well.  This is called “Bhog Lagana”.
Some religious hymn is also sung like
“Aao bhog lagao mere Ramji”.
Small portions of the sanctified Prasad or
Prasadam  are offered to all the gathering
who take it in their extended palms…
As far as I Know the story belongs to Lord Krishna.
He used to take 8 meals a day. when he lifted
Govardhan parbat for 7 days he could not eat.
After 7 days when it was over and lord Indra
realised his mistake and surrendered.
People were and happy and offered Lord Krishna Bhojan
for what he had missed during the 7 days i.e. 7 x 8=56 .
so it was called 56 items Chappan Bhog.”
posted by DKM