Why I Killed Gandhi by Nathuram Vinayak Godse- must read


this may be a repeat but read on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti

 

Subject: WHY I KILLED GANDHI by NATHURAM VINAYAK GODSE

Gandhiji’s assassin, Nathuram Godse’s Final Address to the Court.

WHY I KILLED GANDHI - Nathuram Godse's Final Address to the Court.WHY I KILLED GANDHI – Nathuram Godse’s Final Address to the Court.

Nathuram Godse was arrested immediately after he assassinated Gandhiji, based on a F. I. R. filed by Nandlal Mehta at the Tughlak Road Police staton at Delhi . The trial, which was held in camera, began on May 27, 1948 and concluded on February 10, 1949. He was sentenced to death.

An appeal to the Punjab High Court, then in session at Simla, did not find favour and the sentence was upheld. The statement that you are about to read is the last made by Godse before the Court on the May 5, 1949.

Such was the power and eloquence of this statement that one of the judges, G. D. Khosla, later wrote, “I have, however, no doubt that had the audience of that day been constituted into a jury and entrusted with the task of deciding Godse’s appeal, they would have brought a verdict of ‘not Guilty’ by an overwhelming majority”

WHY I KILLED GANDHI

Born in a devotional Brahmin family, I instinctively came to revere Hindu religion, Hindu history and Hindu culture. I had, therefore, been intensely proud of Hinduism as a whole. As I grew up I developed a tendency to free thinking unfettered by any superstitious allegiance to any isms, political or religious. That is why I worked actively for the eradication of untouchability and the caste system based on birth alone. I openly joined RSS wing of anti-caste movements and maintained that all Hindus were of equal status as to rights, social and religious and should be considered high or low on merit alone and not through the accident of birth in a particular caste or profession.

I used publicly to take part in organized anti-caste dinners in which thousands of Hindus, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Chamars and Bhangis participated. We broke the caste rules and dined in the company of each other. I have read the speeches and writings of Ravana, Chanakiya, Dadabhai Naoroji, Vivekanand, Gokhale, Tilak, along with the books of ancient and modern history of India and some prominent countries like England , France , America and Russia . Moreover I studied the tenets of Socialism and Marxism. But above all I studied very closely whatever Veer Savarkar and Gandhiji had written and spoken, as to my mind these two ideologies have contributed more to the moulding of the thought and action of the Indian people during the last thirty years or so, than any other single factor has done.

All this reading and thinking led me to believe it was my first duty to serve Hindudom and Hindus both as a patriot and as a world citizen. To secure the freedom and to safeguard the just interests of some thirty crores (300 million) of Hindus would automatically constitute the freedom and the well-being of all India , one fifth of human race. This conviction led me naturally to devote myself to the Hindu Sanghtanist ideology and programme, which alone, I came to believe, could win and preserve the national independence of Hindustan , my Motherland, and enable her to render true service to humanity as well.

Since the year 1920, that is, after the demise of Lokamanya Tilak, Gandhiji’s influence in the Congress first increased and then became supreme. His activities for public awakening were phenomenal in their intensity and were reinforced by the slogan of truth and non-violence which he paraded ostentatiously before the country. No sensible or enlightened person could object to those slogans. In fact there is nothing new or original in them.. They are implicit in every constitutional public movement. But it is nothing but a mere dream if you imagine that the bulk of mankind is, or can ever become, capable of scrupulous adherence to these lofty principles in its normal life from day to day.

In fact, honour, duty and love of one’s own kith and kin and country might often compel us to disregard non-violence and to use force. I could never conceive that an armed resistance to an aggression is unjust. I would consider it a religious and moral duty to resist and, if possible, to overpower such an enemy by use of force. [In the Ramayana] Rama killed Ravana in a tumultuous fight and relieved Sita.. [In the Mahabharata], Krishna killed Kansa to end his wickedness; and Arjuna had to fight and slay quite a number of his friends and relationsincluding the revered Bhishma because the latter was on the side of the aggressor. It is my firm belief that in dubbing Rama, Krishna and Arjuna as guilty of violence, the Mahatma betrayed a total ignorance of the springs of human action.
In more recent history, it was the heroic fight put up by Chhatrapati Shivaji that first checked and eventually destroyed the Muslim tyranny in India . It was absolutely essentially for Shivaji to overpower and kill an aggressive Afzal Khan, failing which he would have lost his own life. In condemning history’s towering warriors like Shivaji, Rana Pratap and Guru Gobind Singh as misguided patriots, Gandhiji has merely exposed his self-conceit. He was, paradoxical as it may appear, a violent pacifist who brought untold calamities on the country in the name of truth and non-violence, while Rana Pratap, Shivaji and the Guru will remain enshrined in the hearts of their countrymen for ever for the freedom they brought to them.

The accumulating provocation of thirty-two years, culminating in his last pro-Muslim fast, at last goaded me to the conclusion that the existence of Gandhi should be brought to an end immediately. Gandhi had done very good in South Africa to uphold the rights and well-being of the Indian community there. But when he finally returned to India he developed a subjective mentality under which he alone was to be the final judge of what was right or wrong. If the country wanted his leadership, it had to accept his infallibility; if it did not, he would stand aloof from the Congress and carry on his own way.

Against such an attitude there can be no halfway house. Either Congress had to surrender its will to his and had to be content with playing second fiddle to all his eccentricity, whimsicality, metaphysics and primitive vision, or it had to carry on without him. He alone was the Judge of everyone and every thing; he was the master brain guiding the civil disobedience movement; no other could know the technique of that movement. He alone knew when to begin and when to withdraw it. The movement might succeed or fail, it might bring untold disaster and political reverses but that could make no difference to the Mahatma’s infallibility. ‘A Satyagrahi can never fail’ was his formula for declaring his own infallibility and nobody except himself knew what a Satyagrahi is. Thus, the Mahatma became the judge and jury in his own cause. These childish insanities and obstinacies, coupled with a most severe austerity of life, ceaseless work and lofty character made Gandhi formidable and irresistible.

Many people thought that his politics were irrational but they had either to withdraw from the Congress or place their intelligence at his feet to do with as he liked. In a position of such absolute irresponsibility Gandhi was guilty of blunder after blunder, failure after failure, disaster after disaster. Gandhi’s pro-Muslim policy is blatantly in his perverse attitude on the question of the national language of India . It is quite obvious that Hindi has the most prior claim to be accepted as the premier language. In the beginning of his career in India , Gandhi gave a great impetus to Hindi but as he found that the Muslims did not like it, he became a champion of what is called Hindustani.. Everybody in India knows that there is no language called Hindustani; it has no grammar; it has no vocabulary. It is a mere dialect, it is spoken, but not written. It is a bastard tongue and cross-breed between Hindi and Urdu, and not even the Mahatma’s sophistry could make it popular. But in his desire to please the Muslims he insisted that Hindustani alone should be the national language of India . His blind followers, of course, supported him and the so-called hybrid language began to be used. The charm and purity of the Hindi language was to be prostituted to please the Muslims. All his experiments were at the expense of the Hindus.

From August 1946 onwards the private armies of the Muslim League began a massacre of the Hindus. The then Viceroy, Lord Wavell, though distressed at what was happening, would not use his powers under the Government of India Act of 1935 to prevent the rape, murder and arson. The Hindu blood began to flow from Bengal to Karachi with some retaliation by the Hindus. The Interim Government formed in September was sabotaged by its Muslim League members right from its inception, but the more they became disloyal and treasonable to the government of which they were a part, the greater was Gandhi’s infatuation for them. Lord Wavell had to resign as he could not bring about a settlement and he was succeeded by Lord Mountbatten. King Log was followed by King Stork. The Congress which had boasted of its nationalism and socialism secretly accepted Pakistan literally at the point of the bayonet and abjectly surrendered to Jinnah. India was vivisected and one-third of the Indian territory became foreign land to us from August 15, 1947.

Lord Mountbatten came to be described in Congress circles as the greatest Viceroy and Governor-General this country ever had. The official date for handing over power was fixed for June 30, 1948, but Mountbatten with his ruthless surgery gave us a gift of vivisected India ten months in advance. This is what Gandhi had achieved after thirty years of undisputed dictatorship and this is what Congress party calls ‘freedom’ and ‘peaceful transfer of power’. The Hindu-Muslim unity bubble was finally burst and a theocratic state was established with the consent of Nehru and his crowd and they have called ‘freedom won by them with sacrifice’ – whose sacrifice? When top leaders of Congress, with the consent of Gandhi, divided and tore the country – which we consider a deity of worship – my mind was filled with direful anger.

One of the conditions imposed by Gandhi for his breaking of the fast unto death related to the mosques in Delhi occupied by the Hindu refugees. But when Hindus in Pakistan were subjected to violent attacks he did not so much as utter a single word to protest and censure the Pakistan Government or the Muslims concerned. Gandhi was shrewd enough to know that while undertaking a fast unto death, had he imposed for its break some condition on the Muslims in Pakistan , there would have been found hardly any Muslims who could have shown some grief if the fast had ended in his death. It was for this reason that he purposely avoided imposing any condition on the Muslims. He was fully aware of from the experience that Jinnah was not at all perturbed or influenced by his fast and the Muslim League hardly attached any value to the inner voice of Gandhi.

Gandhi is being referred to as the Father of the Nation. But if that is so, he had failed his paternal duty inasmuch as he has acted very treacherously to the nation by his consenting to the partitioning of it. I stoutly maintain that Gandhi has failed in his duty. He has proved to be the Father of Pakistan. His inner-voice, his spiritual power and his doctrine of non-violence of which so much is made of, all crumbled before Jinnah’s iron will and proved to be powerless. Briefly speaking, I thought to myself and foresaw I shall be totally ruined, and the only thing I could expect from the people would be nothing but hatred and that I shall have lost all my honour, even more valuable than my life, if I were to kill Gandhiji. But at the same time I felt that the Indian politics in the absence of Gandhiji would surely be proved practical, able to retaliate, and would be powerful with armed forces. No doubt, my own future would be totally ruined, but the nation would be saved from the inroads of Pakistan . People may even call me and dub me as devoid of any sense or foolish, but the nation would be free to follow the course founded on the reason which I consider to be necessary for sound nation-building.

After having fully considered the question, I took the final decision in the matter, but I did not speak about it to anyone whatsoever. I took courage in both my hands and I did fire the shots at Gandhiji on 30th January 1948, on the prayer-grounds of Birla House. I do say that my shots were fired at the person whose policy and action had brought rack and ruin and destruction to millions of Hindus. There was no legal machinery by which such an offender could be brought to book and for this reason I fired those fatal shots. I bear no ill will towards anyone individually but I do say that I had no respect for the present government owing to their policy which was unfairly favourable towards the Muslims. But at the same time I could clearly see that the policy was entirely due to the presence of Gandhi.

I have to say with great regret that Prime Minister Nehru quite forgets that his preachings and deeds are at times at variances with each other when he talks about India as a secular state in season and out of season, because it is significant to note that Nehru has played a leading role in the establishment of the theocratic state of Pakistan, and his job was made easier by Gandhi’s persistent policy of appeasement towards the Muslims. I now stand before the court to accept the full share of my responsibility for what I have done and the judge would, of course, pass against me such orders of sentence as may be considered proper. But I would like to add that I do not desire any mercy to be shown to me, nor do I wish that anyone else should beg for mercy on my behalf. My confidence about the moral side of my action has not been shaken even by the criticism levelled against it on all sides. I have no doubt that honest writers of history will weigh my act and find the true value thereof some day in future.

 

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ஒளவையார் அருளிய விநாயகர் அகவல் (மூலமும் உரையும்)


விநாயகர் அகவலும் பொதுவான பொருளும்:-

விநாயகர் அகவல் என்னும் நூல் ஔவைப் பிராட்டியாரால்அருளிச் செய்யப்பட்டது. இது தமிழ்ச் சைவர்களின் நித்திய பாராயண நூல்களில் ஒன்றாக விளங்குகின்றது. தமிழர்கள் கைக்கொண்டொழுகிய வழிபாட்டுநெறியோடு யோகநெறியையும் விளக்கியருளும் சிறப்பு வாய்ந்தது.

இக்கருத்துக்கள் சைவசித்தாந்தப் பேராசிரியர் திரு இரா.வையாபுரியார் அவர்கள் விநாயகர் அகவலுக்கு எழுதியுள்ள பேருரையினின்றும் திரட்டப் பட்டது.

‘சொல்லிய பாட்டின் பொருளுணர்ந்து சொல்லுவார் செல்வர், சிவபுரத்திலுள்ளார்’. விநாயகர் அகவலைப் பாராயணம் செய்யும்போது இப்பொருள்கள் நினைவுக்கு வந்து பாராயணத்தைப் பயனுடையதாக்கும்.

இந்நூல் 15ஆவது வரி ‘அற்புதம் நின்ற கற்பகக் களிறே’ என்று கூறுவதால் இந்நூலில் கூறப்படும் விநாயகப் பெருமானின் திரு நாமம் ‘கற்பக விநாயகர்’ என்பது.

அவர் தன் நிலையில்,

• சொல்லுக்கும் நினைவுக்கும் எட்டாதவர்.
• துரியநிலையில் இருப்பவர்.
• ஞானமே சொரூபமாக இருப்பவர்.

இது அவருடைய சொரூப நிலை அல்லது உண்மை நிலை எனப்படும். இது பரசிவமாக இருக்கும் நிலை.

ஞானமே சொரூபமாக உடைய பரசிவம் தன்னை அடியவர்கள் வழிபட்டு உய்வதற்காகவும் அடியவர்களுக்கு அருள் செய்வதற்காகவும் அற்புதமான வடிவம் கொண்டு காட்சிக்கும் நினைப்புக்கும் சொல்லுக்கும் எட்டுபவராக எளிவந்து அருளும். அத்தகைய அற்புதக் கோலங்களில் ஒன்று விநாயக வடிவம். ( அற்புதம் – அற்புதம் என்பது உலகில் எங்கும் காணப்படாது இயற்கைக்கு மாறாக நிகழ்வது. இது திருவருளால் மட்டுமே நிகழ்வது.)

அவ்வற்புத வடிவமானது:

• தாமரை மலர்போன்ற மென்மையும் அழகும் மலர்ச்சியும் உடைய திருவடிகள்.
• அத்திருவடிகளில் இனிய ஒலியெழுப்பும் சிலம்பு.
• பொன்னரைஞாண்.
• அழகிய பட்டாடை அணிந்த இடுப்பு
• பேழை (பெட்டி) போன்ற வயிறு.
• பெரிய வலிமை மிக்க தந்தம்.
• யானைமுகம்.
• முகத்தில் அணிந்த சிந்தூரம்.
• ஐந்துகைகள்.
• அங்குசம், பாசம் என்னும் ஆயுதங்கள்.
• நீலமேனி (நீலம் – கருமை)
• தொங்குகின்ற வாய்.
• நான்கு தோள்.
• மூன்று கண்.
• கன்னத்தில் மதநீர் வடிந்த சுவடு.
• இருபெரிய செவிகள்.
• பொற்கிரீடம்
• பூணூல் புரள்கின்ற மார்பு.

இது குணங்குறி அற்ற பரசிவம் உயிர்களுக்கு அருளும் பொருட்டு மேற்கொள்ளும் வடிவங்களுள் ஒன்று. அதனால் தடத்த வடிவம் அல்லது தடத்த நிலை எனப்படும். இறைவடிவங்களைத் தரிசித்துத் தொழும்போது திருவடியிலிருந்து தொடங்கி உச்சிவரைக் கண்டு திருமேனியில் விழியைப் பதித்தல் முறை. திருவடி என்பது திருவருள். திருவருளால் இக்காட்சி நடைபெறுகின்றது என்பது பொருள்.

• அவருக்கு நிவேதனப் பொருள்கள் முப்பழம்.
• ஊர்தி மூஷிகம்
• அவர் தன்னை வழிபடும் அடியவர்களுக்குத் தாய்போன்ற அன்புடையவர்.
• எப்பொழுதும் அடியவர்களைப் பிரியாமல், அவர்களுடைய அறிவுக்கு அறிவாய், அறிவினுள்ளே இருந்து அவர்களுக்கு வாழ்வில் வழிகாட்டுவார்.
• அடியவர்களுக்குப் பக்குவம் வந்த காலத்தில் குருவடிவாக வெளிப்பட்டு வந்து, முன் நின்று தீக்கை செய்து உண்மை ஞானம் புகட்டுவார்.
• அடியவர்களை யோகநெறியிலும் ஞானநெறியிலும் நிற்கச் செய்வார்.
• ஆணவம், கன்மம், மாயை என்னும் மும்மலப் பிணிப்பிலிருந்து விடுபடச் செய்வார்
• நின்மல அவத்தை (அருளுடன் கூடிநிற்கும் நிலை) யில் நிற்கச் செய்வார்.
• அளவில்லாத ஆனந்த அனுபவம் விரியச் செய்வார்.
• இறுதியில் தன்னைப்போலத் தன் அடியவர்களையும் என்றும் மாறாத அழியாத நிலையில் (தத்துவநிலை) நிற்கச் செய்வார்.

விநாயகப் பெருமான் உணர்த்தும் ஞானநெறி

• குருவாக வந்து தீக்கை அருளுகின்றார்

• இதுவரையிலும் அவ்வுயிர் செத்துப் பிறந்து உழல்வதற்குக் காரணமான மயக்க அறிவைப் போக்குகின்றார்.

• திருவைந்தெழுத்தை (‚ பஞ்சாக்கரம்) நெஞ்சில் பதிவிக்கின்றார்.

• உள்ளத்தில் வெளிப்பட்டு விளங்கி நிற்கின்றார்.

• பதி, பசு, பாசம் எனும் அனாதியான முப்பொருள்களின் இயல்பினை விளக்கி உரைக்கின்றார். சஞ்சிதம் எனும் பழவினையைப் போக்குகின்றார். ஞானோபதேசம் செய்கின்றார்.

• உபதேசித்த ஞானப்பொருளில் ஐயம், திரிபு ஆகியன நேரிடாமல் தெளிந்த உணர்வு உண்டாமாறு அருளுகின்றார்.

• ஐம்புலன்கள் விடயங்களை நோக்கி ஓடி விருப்பு வெறுப்புக் கொண்டு துன்புறாதபடி புலனடக்கம் உண்டாவதற்குரிய வழியினைக் காட்டியருளுகின்றார்.

• உடம்பில் உள்ள தத்துவக் கருவிகள் எவ்வாறு ஒடுங்குகின்றன என்பதை அறிவிக்கின்றார்.

• பிராரத்த வினை தாக்காதவாறு காப்பாற்றுகின்றார்.

• ஆணவம லத்தால் வரும் துன்பத்தைப் போக்குகின்றார்.

• ஆன்மாவை நின்மல நிலைக்கு உயர்த்தி நின்மலதுரியம் நின்மலதுரியாதீதம் என்னும் நிலைகளில் திருவருளுடனும் சிவத்துடனும் கலந்து நிற்கச் செய்கின்றார்.

குருவாக வந்த விநாயகப் பெருமான் இவ்வாறு ஞானநெறியை அருளி, இந்த ஞானநெறியில் நெகிழ்ந்து விடாது உறுதியாய் நிற்பதற்குரிய யோகநெறியினையும் அறிவித்தருளுகின்றார்.

• ஒன்பது வாயில்களை உடைய உடம்பில் உள்ள ஐம்புலன்கள் ஆகிய கதவுகளை அடைத்து மனம் உள்ளே (அகமுகப்பட்டு) நிற்கச் செய்கிறார்.

• இதனால் ஆதாரயோகம் மேற்கொள்ளும் முறையினைத் தெளிவிக்கின்றார்.

• மவுனசமாதி நிலையினை அடையச் செய்கின்றார்.

• இடநாடி, வலநாடி, சுழுமுனா நாடி என்னும் நாடிகளின் வழியாய் மூச்சுக்காற்று இயங்கும் முறையினைத் தெரிவிக்கின்றார்.

• சுழுமுனா நாடி மூலாதாரத்திலிருந்து கபாலம் வரையிலும் (தலையுச்சி) சென்று நிற்கும் நிலையினைத் தெரிவிக்கின்றார்.

• அவ்வாறு செல்லும் வழியில் உள்ள அக்கினி மண்டலம், சூரிய மண்டலம், சந்திர மண்டலம் என்னும் பகுதிகளின் இயல்பைத் தெரிவிக்கின்றார்.

• மூலாதாரத்தில் உள்ள ஹம்ச மந்திரம், குண்டலினி சத்தி, பிரணவ மந்திரம் என்பனவற்றின் இயல்பினைத் தெரிவிக்கின்றார்.

• இடகலை, பிங்கலை என்னும் மூச்சுக்காற்ரினால் குண்டலினி என்னும் சத்தியை எழுப்பிச் சுழுமுனைநாடி வழியாக மேலே கபாலம் வரையிலும் பிரணவமந்திரத்துடன் ஏற்றும் முறையினையும் தெரிவிக்கின்றார்.

• இவ்வகையில் பிரணவமந்திரம் பலகலைக்களாகப் பிரிக்கப்பட்டு, (மூன்று, ஐந்து, பன்னிரண்டு, பதினாறு) உடம்பில் அங்கங்கே நிறுத்தித் தியானிக்கப்படுவதாகிய பிராசாத யோகம் என்னும் நெறியினையும் கற்பிக்கின்றார்.

• இப்பிராசாத யோகத்தினால் ஆன்மா பிரமரந்திரம் (தலையுச்சி) என்னும் இடத்தையும் கடந்து மேலே துவாதசாந்தப் பெருவெளி என்னும் இடம்வரையிலும் சென்று சிவத்துடன் கலந்து நின்று சிவானந்தம் அனுபவிக்கச் செய்கின்றார்.

• இவ்வாறு ஆறாதார யோகம், அட்டாங்க யோகம், பிராசாத யோகம் என்னும் முறைகளில் நிற்கச் செய்து மனோலயம் அடையச் செய்கின்றார்.

• இதனால் உண்டாகும் அகக் காட்சியினால் ஆன்மாவின் இயல்பு, உடம்பின் இயல்பு, மாயாமலம் கன்மமலம் ஆணவமலம் என்பனவற்றின் உண்மையியல்பு ஆகியவற்றை அறிய வைக்கின்றார்.

• சப்தப்பிரபஞ்சம் (ஒலியுலகம்) அர்த்தப்பிரபஞ்சம்(பொருளுலகம்) என்பனவற்றினியல்பையும் அவற்றில் பரம்பொருள் சிவலிங்கரூபமாகக் கலந்திருக்கும் முறையினையும் அறியச் செய்கிறார்.

• இத்தகைய பரம்பொருள் மிகச் சிறிய பொருள்களுக்கெல்லாம் மிகச் சிறியதாகவும், மிகப் பெரிய பொருள்களுக்கெல்லாம் மிகப் பெரிய பொருளாகவும் இருக்கும் நிலையை உணரச் செய்கின்றார்.

• இத்தகைய பரம்பொருள்சை உலகவாழ்வில் இருந்துகொண்டே அறிவதும் அப்பொருளுடன் கலந்து ஆனந்தம் அனுபவிப்பதும் கரும்பினைக் கணுக்கணுவாகச் சுவைத்துச் செல்லும் அனுபவம் போன்றது.

• இந்த அனுபவம் நீடித்திருக்கத் திருநீறு உருத்திராக்கம் முதலிய சிவசின்னங்களை அணிய வேண்டும்.
• அவற்றையும் அவற்றை அணிந்துள்ள அடியார்களையும் சிவமெனவே கண்டு வழிபடுதல் வேண்டும்.

• எப்பொழுதும் அடியார் கூட்டத்துடன் கலந்திருத்தல் வேண்டும்.

• திருவைந்தெழுத்து மந்திர செபத்தைக் கைவிடலாகாது.

இவ்வாறு விநாயகப் பெருமான் பக்குவமுடைய ஆன்மாவுக்கு ஞானோபதேசம் செய்து ஞானநெறியிலும் யோகநெறியிலும் நிற்கச் செய்து இவ்வுலகிலேயே சீவன்முத்தனாக இருந்து சிவானந்தம் அனுபவிக்கும் நிலையினையும் தந்து, அவ்வான்மா சிவத்தைப் போலென்றும் ஒரேதன்மையுடையதாய் இருக்கும் நிலையினை அடையச் செய்கிறார். அந்நிலையிலிருந்து அவ்வான்மா தன்னைவிட்டு நீங்காமல் தனக்கே அடிமையாய் இருக்கும் நிலைமையினையும் விநாயப் பெருமான் அருளுகின்றார் என்னும் அரிய செய்திகளை விநாயகர் அகவல் என்னும் இந்த நூல் கூறுகின்றார்.

ஒளவையார் அருளிய விநாயகர் அகவல் (மூலமும் உரையும்): அட்டாங்கயோகம், பிராசாத யோகம்.

 

ways to make your Parents Happy


The parents now a days are quite worried about the behavioral changes in their children due to several socio-economical reasons. The gap between parents and�us, the youth,�is increasing day by day due to which the family bonding is getting weaker and weaker.�We, the youth, want liberty in every deed we do. We want our parents�not to be disturb�us in what-ever�we do�in what-so-ever manner.�We have�forgotten the amount of time�our parents have invested in for�our brought up.�We have forgotten the countless efforts and sacrifices by�our parents throughout our lives.�
Starting from our birth they have taken care of our food (  years * 365 days * 3 times = 24000 times!), our clothes (daily washing, ironing, new purchasing), our education (daily home works, uniform, school/tuition fee), religious moral teaching every day (THE REAL GREAT JOB), computer toys purchasing and God knows how many other countless efforts they have put in to make us a complete human being�to survive in this world. Indeed, all those efforts�cannot be covered in this article but the overall emphasis is that its our moral and�religious�mandatory responsibility�to take care of them now.
Below are some small�acts of kindness which I request you to consider to show your affection with them and to take care of them:


  1. Give them enough money so that they don’t have to ask you.
  2. Share funny and entertaining things with them to make them laugh or smile.
  3. Don’t speak loudly. Speak slowly, nicely�and softly.
  4. Do not walk in front of them in market or anywhere. They might walk slow being old; stay behind them. Give them respect.
  5. Ask for small tasks again and again. For example, “Abou Jee, do you need water? Should i bring tea for you? Are you hungry, baba” etc�
  6. Closely monitor thier health. visit doctor if required. Have them thorougly checked time to time.
  7. Take care of their medicines. Set reminders on your phone for their medicines and�serve them on time.
  8. Take them to the mosque. Walk slowly. Follow their pace.
  9. Take them to the park�for walk. If not possible daily, then take them on weekend.
  10. Do not call them by their name. Call them with respect.
  11. Open the door for them with respect
  12. Adapt yourself according to�their�schedule not vise versa.
  13. Do shopping for them (buy their clothes, shoes, small items like tooth paste).� Buy your mother a nice coffee cup. Take them to market and buy them according to their likings. Buy your parents some nice books; usually people love to read books in old age.
  14. When you come back to home, visit them first in their room.
  15. Respect thier social circle and let them enjoy with their friends.� Article written by Junaid.Tahir
  16. In case of conflict on any issue, try to follow them as much as possible. Remember, they have been sacrificing their money and time in raising you for years and years. Its time to pay back. They have been showing all the patience during your childhood. Its time for you to be patient.
  17. Keep them with you instead of sending them�to old houses etc. This will be a big act of ignorance if you do.
  18. When starting the food, serve them first.
In the end, I would recommend�making a check list of this email and and paste it on any wall in your room or kitchen and read it often to remember
Please do share if you are doing any other good thing in making your parents feel great 🙂



 

WHY YOU SHOULD SUPPORT NARENDRA MODI AS PM IN 2014 ? PL. READ


 

Whatever your political inclination , this article is worth a read ..
>>
>>TODAY as we are poised to look ahead, and forward, with HOPE to a better INDIA …
>>
>>Why I shall Support Modi in 2014…
>>By Avay Shukla – Retired IAS officer
>>
>>
>>I have been getting more and more worried over the last year or so at the direction( or lack of it) in which our country is headed. It is
>> like a runaway plane falling from the skies and we are plummeting past one alarming indicator after another– inflation,economic slowdown, falling rupee,complete break-down of law and order, ever emboldened Naxalites, total internalization of corruption, an administration that answers to no one,complete lack of governance, cronyism on a scale never seen before, a brazen lack of accountability, public  intimi-dation of constitutional authorities, a judicial system that has all but collapsed, environmental disasters that no one knows how to cope with, complete paraplegia of decision-making at all levels in government, appeasement of †minorities†and Other sections that are reachingridiculous and dangerous levels, dynastic politics at the Centre and the states reminiscent of the Mughal era…….
>>
>>I could go on and on but after some time the mind becomes numb and registers only one emotion – IT IS TIME FOR A CHANGE. Another five years of this and we would be well on our way to becoming a failed state and joining the ranks of Pakistan, Haiti and Somalia.
>>
>>The general elections of 2014 offers us one last chance to redeem ourselves. I have been on this mortal coil for 62 years and have never voted for the BJP but have, after much thought, decided to support MODI in 2014. This is considered a heresy in most neo-liberal circles in India today but we have to go beyond mere labelling and stereotypingto understand my decision.
>>
>>But before I go on to Mr. Modi himself, let us review the context in which this decision has been taken. The state of the country is self evident in para one above.
>>
>>
>>The next question then
is: What are the alternatives or choices that we as voters have?
>>
>>The Congress will only perpetuate the present mess-even more worrying and dangerous is the fact that, were the Congress to return to power, it would consider it to have a renewed mandate to carry on as before.
>>
>>In any case, who in the country would lead the Congress- a reluctant dynastic or an ageing economist who has discovered his true skills lie in politics, or a backroom puppeteer? Or, God forbid, all three? ( Seriously, this is a possibility- after all not one of these three want to shoulder sole accountability, and they may reason that if a dual power center can ensure two terms, a triple may be good for even more!) No, to my mind the Congress is not an option.
>>
>>Who else, then?
>>
>>Well, if we scrape the bottom of the barrel assiduously we will come up with Mamta Banerjee[ TMC], Mulayam Yadav[ SP], Nitish Kumar[JDU], Naveen Patnaik[ BJD], Jayalalitha[ AIADMK], Sharad Pawar[ NCP] and Mayawati(BSP). There is no need to discuss their achievements or ideologies at a national level (incidentally, not even one of them has a remotely national outlook or ideology since they cannot see beyond pandering shamelessly to the vote banks in their respective states) because they are state (not even regional) leaders and none of them can hope to be Prime Minister on the strength of their own Parties.
>>
>>They all realize this, of course, hence the idea which periodically emerges like a skin rash, of a Third or Federal Front. This didn’t work even when a Third Front could agree on a leader (as in the case of I.K. Gujral or Deve Gowda). How on earth will it work when every one of the state leaders mentioned above feels that he or she has been reincarnated precisely to become the Prime Minister of India?
>>
>>The negotiations for choosing a PM (if the Front comes up with the numbers, that is) will resemble one of those WWF fights where about six hunks are put into the ring to beat the daylights out of each other till one of them is left standing to claim the crown. I cannot see all of them agreeing on even one policy issue, whether it is reservations, industrial stimulus, foreign policy, dis-investtment, environmental protection, center-state relations etc. If they come to power at the Center, the paraplegia of today will become quadriplegia tomorrow.
>>Fortunately, in any case, they can never muster the 274 seats required-it will be difficult for them to reach even hundred even if they do very well in their states.
>>
>>So a Third Front is a
non-starter, and voting for any of these parties will only help the Congress by dividing the anti-congress vote. [You will have noticed that I have not mentioned Mr. Karat of the CPM. That’s because he’s become like a flat bottle of Coca-Cola – earlier he was all fizz and no substance: now even the fizz has gone].
>>
>>That leaves only the BJP, with its historical baggage of the RSS, Hindutva, Ramjanmbhoomi (by the way, this baggage also includes five years of exemplary governance under Vajpayee from 1999 to 2004) – perhaps enough baggage to dissuade me from voting for the party. Except that this time the BJP has an add-on: Narendra Modi. And that, to my mind, adds value to the party and makes the crucial difference.
>>
>>Modi has been reviled ad-nausea m by the “secular†parties and sections of the elite media for many years for the 2002 riots in Gujarat, by the former not because of any love for the Muslims (as I hope to show later) but simply in order to appropriate the Muslim vote, and by the latter because they have to keep whipping somebody in order to get their TRPs – in India only extremes succeed. Modi has been tried and condemned by them not on the basis of facts but by an opportunistic mixture of innuendo, presumption, speculation, half-truths, hear say. Look at the facts. There was a horrendous orgy of killing of Muslims in Gujarat in 2002 where about 2000 of them were massacred. Some of Modi’s ministers and many BJP/ VHP workers were involved: quite a few of them have also been convicted, the trials of many still go on.
>>
>>The Supreme Court set up at least three SITs and is itself monitoring the investigations. Many PILs have been filed in the SC and the High Court accusing Modi of master-minding these massacres. In not a single case has either the Supreme Court, the High Court or the SITs found any evidence of Modi’s personal complicity.
>>
>>Yes, they have held that he could have controlled the situation better- but nothing beyond that in-spite of ten years of frenetic drum beating and sustained vilification.
>>
>>Now look at the other set
of facts. Under Modi’s current watch, perhaps for the first time in India, people have been actually convicted for communal rioting and murder- more than 200 convictions, with about 130 of them sentenced to life imprison-ment. All the communal massacres in India since Independence have not
resulted in even one tenth of these convictions.
>>
>>Modi’s government has to be given some credit for this: yes, the investigations were carried out by the SIT and not by Modi’s police; yet Modi could, if he was so inclined, have interfered covertly in the whole process by asking his officials not to cooperate, by intimidating witnesses, influencing judges, conveying hints to prosecutors- something which, as we all know too well, governments of all political hues in India have mastered.
>>
>>Modi could have done what the Congress has done so successfully in Delhi in three other high-profile cases being monitored by the Supreme Court- the Commonwealth Games Scam, the 2G case, and Coalgate ( not to mention also the Sikh massacres of 1984): have these cases made any headway? has wrong-doing been proved in a single instance? has anyone been convicted?
>>
>>No, Sir, these investigations will drag on and on till they are lost in the mists of time. Supreme Court monitoring cannot ensure justice unless the govt. of the day allows its agencies to function – it is to Modi’s credit that he did so allow them.
>>
>>Compare this with the manner in which the police in Delhi have been emas- culated to protect some senior Congress leaders in the 1984 Sikh carnage – everyone in Delhi knows, even after 27 long years, that their hands are dipped in blood, but the evidence will never reach the courts; the recent acquittal of Sajjan Kumar only confirms this.
>>
>>The biggest stigmata on Modi is the charge that he is †communal†and not  secular†.
>>
>>All (non-NDA) political parties never tire of tom-tomming this from the roof-tops and consider this their trump card to ensure that he will never achieve his Grand-slam at the centre. But after eleven years this is beginning to wear thin and people are beginning to question the assumptions behind this charge and even the definition of what constitutes †communal†and “secular.â€
>>
>>Nirad Choudhry had long ago given his opinion that India is the Continent of Circe where humans are turned into beasts-it is also the graveyard of the Oxford Dictionary where the meanings of words are turned on their heads to suit political exigencies! So †communal† today means a Hindu who is not ashamed of saying he is a Hindu, and † secular†means a Hindu who panders to other religions in order to get their votes at the next elections!
>>
>>By this inverse definition Modi is considered communal- notwithstanding that not a single Hindu- Muslim riot has taken place in Gujarat under his watch since 2002, notwithstanding that the BJP got 17% of the Muslim vote in the Assembly elections in the state earlier this year, notwithstanding that the party won five of the eight seats which had a dominant Muslim voter base, notwith-standing that the average Muslim in Gujarat is much better off economically  than his counterpart in Assam, UP or Bihar (headed by †secular† parties).
>>
>>Compare this with the record of the Samajwadi party in UP where more than a hundred communal riots have taken place in less than two years, with the Congress in Assam where hundreds of Muslims were butchered last year and at least three hundred thousand of them are still languishing in relief camps with no hope of ever returning to their villages, with the Congress ruled Maharashtra where hundreds of Muslims were killed with the active help of the police after the Bombay blasts. ( Needless to say there do not appear to have been any convictions in any of these pogroms). And MODI is communal?
>>
>>I am a Hindu but I stopped going into any temple twenty years ago because I was sickened by the rapacious behavior of their pundits. I am no longer a practicing Hindu in a public, ritualistic sense and frankly I don’t know how many of the religious beliefs I retain, but I still consider myself a Hindu because Hinduism is more than just a religion- it is a culture, a civilisation, a way of life.
>>
>>
>>But in the Kafkaesque India of today if you were to proclaim that you are a Hindu ( even though you have equal respect and regard for all other religions) you would be branded †communal†– this is what political discourse has been reduced to by our politicians. And being †secular†no longer means treating all religions equally: it means splintering society into a myriad †minorities†( another perversion of the Oxford Dictionary) and then pandering to such of them as suit you in your naked pursuit of power.
>>
>>In the process India has been converted into a complex jigsaw of minorities, castes, tribes, classes, sections and what have you. The British could have learnt plenty from us about Divide and Rule! But more and more right thinking people are beginning to question this recipe for disaster, and I am one of them.
>>
>>India is 80% Hindu- why should one then have to be apologetic about proclaiming that one is a Hindu ? We have been ruled and exploited and vandalized for eight hundred years by Muslims and for another two hundred years by Christians, and yet we have accorded these two religions a special status as †minorities†with privileges that the Hindus don’t have. Has any other country in the world ever displayed such a spirit of accommodation and egalitarianism? Is there a more secular civilisation in the world? And yet, a Hindu who says he is a Hindu is considered communal!
>>
>>Does a Hindu have to prove his secular credentials time and again by greater levels( or depths) of appeasement of other religions simply so that they can continue to be vote bank fodder for political parties? Modi has had the courage to raise these questions and is therefore being reviled by those political parties whose apple carts he is threatening to upset. But people are beginning to pay attention. Modi is not considered secular because he is proud to be a Hindu and refuses to give doles or concessions to any religious group( including Hindus, but that is conveniently glossed over) beyond what is provided in the constitution and the laws of the land. He believes this weakens the social fabric of the country and that even handed development is the best guarantee for equitable prosperity for all. He is not considered secular ( and instead is branded as communal) because he says publicly that he is proud to be a Hindu. And
has he done anything blatantly or provocatively pro-Hindu in the last ten years? There is not a single instance of this and yet he is vilified as communal and anti-minorities by the same party that presided over more than two hundred anti-Muslim riots in the seventies and eighties in Gujarat, that massacred 6000 Sikhs in 1984, that lit the fuse in Ayodhya by installing an icon of Ram in the mosque there, that failed to take any action when the Babri masjid was being razed to the ground! Modi has carefully distanced himself from any public support of Hindutva, has kept the VHP and the Bajrang Dal on a tight leash in Gujarat ever since he came to power there, and has even incurred the wrath of the RSS for not toeing the line on their purely religious agenda. It takes time, and some mistakes, to attain maturity; the Modi of today is not the Modi of 2002: then he was still in the pracharak mould of the RSS, inexperienced in
the exercise of power, lacking administrative experience. He has now developed into a politician with a vision, an administrator who has delivered to his people and caught the fancy of the entire corporate world in India and abroad. Rahul Gandhi has been around in politics for almost the same length of time but has still not progressed beyond his epiphanic perception that India is a bee-hive.
>>
>>Pause a while to honestly compare Modi’s qualities with his peers in the political firmament. His integrity is impeccable, both personal and vicarious. Even Mr. Manish Tewari has not been able to charge him on this score, and that’s saying something! I am not aware of a single major scam unearthed during his term( compare this with the Congress either in Maharashtra or at the Centre: the Congress has more skeletons in its cupboard than a graveyard does).
>>
>>Modi has no family to promote or to insure against inflation for the next hundred years( compare this with any other party leader, all of whom have given an entirely new meaning to the term †joint family†– brothers, uncles, wives, sons, sons-in-law, nephews-all happily and jointly looting the nation’s resources). Modi has a vision and a road map for the future and he has demonstrated in Gujarat that he can implement his vision.
>>
>>No other major leader of
the parties that are vilifying him comes even close to comparing with him in this respect – Manmohan Singh once had a vision but his unique concept of †coalition dharma†has ensured that he now cannot see, or hear, or talk; Rahul Gandhi cannot see beyond bee-hives and boats that rise with the tide, Sharad Pawar cannot see the woods for the sugar-cane stalks, Mulayam Singh has been fixated on the Prime Minister’s chair for so long that he has now started hallucinating; Nitish Kumar’s vision is a peculiar bi-focal  which  enables him to see only Muslims and OBCs; Navin Patnaik, being erudite and sophisticated must be having a vision but he has not deigned to share it with anyone yet; Mayawati cannot see beyond statues of herself and of elephants; and as for Mamta Banerjee, she is colour blind – she can only see red. Modi’s track record as an administrator inspires confidence in his ability to play a role at the
national level.
>>
>>He sets specific goals, provides the resources and then gives his bureaucrats a free hand to operate. He has ensured water availability to towns and to greater number of farmers, Gujarat now has 24X7 power and has even offered to sell power to other states.
>>Modi has realised long before his peers that future growth can only come from the manu-facturing sector since the past stimulus provided by the service sector is now bottoming out, and has prepared his state to attract capital: perennial road-blocks which have bedevilled other states – land acquisition, labour issues, law and order, lack of decision making, cronyism – have all been sorted out. It is no surprise then that Gujarat has been receiving the second highest amount of investment funds after Maharashtra.
>>His opponents, looking for anything to denigrate his achievements, cavil that Gujarat has always been a progressive state and no credit goes to Modi for all this. True, Gujarat (and Gujaratis) have always been entrepreneurial and progressive, but any economist can tell them that the higher you are on the performance scale, the more difficult it is to make incremental gains – and these gains Modi has been making year after year.
>>Gujarat has consistently been among the top five states in just about all economic, social and human development indicators, and far above the national figures.
>>Here are some figures I picked up in the Hindustan Times of June 12, 2013:
>>
>>[a] Infant Mortality Rate
>>                                     2005        2010
>>     Gujarat                      54              44
>>     Haryana                    60              48
>>     Orissa                         5               60
>>     INDIA                        58               47
>>
>>[b]  Access to Safe Drinking Water( in %)
>>                                      2002           2011
>>      Gujarat                    84.1            90.3
>>      Maharashtra           79.8             83.4
>>      Andhra                    80.1             90.5
>>      INDIA                      77.9             85.5
>>
>>[c]  Poverty Reduction ( in %)
>>                                     2004-5         2009-10
>>     Gujarat                    31.6               23
>>     Karnataka               33.3               23.6
>>     MP                          48.6               36.7
>>     Orissa                     57.2               37
>>     INDIA                      37.2               29.8
>>
>>[d]  Annual GDP increase( in %) from 2005-6 to 2012-13
>>     Gujarat                       10.3
>>     Uttarakhand               12.36
>>     MP                               8.82
>>     Maharashtra                9.97
>>     Delhi                          11.39
>>
>>Modi is no paragon of virtue. He is arrogant, does not allow a second rung of leadership to emerge, brooks no opposition, is impatient and authoritative, is not a consensus builder. But then we are not seeking to canonize a saint but looking for a political leader who can get this country out of the morass that its present stock of politicians has got us into. We are looking for someone who can be decisive rather than justify inaction under the garb of seeking an elusive † consensus†. We are looking for someone who has the courage to have a vision and the skills to translate it into reality. We are looking for someone who will work for the country and not for his †joint family†.
>>
>>We are looking for someone who can restore our identities as INDIANS and not merely as Brahmins or Scheduled castes or Muslims or Backward castes.
>>
>>We are looking for someone who will not pander to religions and be truly secular.
>>
>>And we are looking for someone who will not be ashamed to say that he is a Hindu in the land that gave birth to the most tolerant and enlightened religion this world has seen.
>>
>>Modi may fail- in fact, there are good chances that he will. But he at least promises change, whereas the others promise only more of the same.
>>
>>He offers us Hope. Shouldn’t he be given a chance?
>>===========================================================
>>** The author retired from the Indian Administrative Service in December 2010. He is a keen environmentalist and loves the mountains – he has made them his home._
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>–
>>  ZINDAGI DA KEE BHAROSA, KADDON PATAKA BOL JAYEE, so let us ENJOY
>>
>>”To fight the darkness do not draw your sword, light a candle”
>”You can’t climb the ladder of success with your hands in your pockets”
>
>Note:
>If you  would like to forward this request to others, please do     Thank you.

 

INDIAN ECONOMY FOOLS PARADISE


 

With Amartya Sen, Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Man Mohan Singh, P Chidambaram all at the helm, Indian Government is literally living in fools Paradise

 

Indian economy comes to a fullstop
 MR Venkatesh

A fairly large South-Indian group with varied business interests had invited me to a strategy session to turn it around. It was the first meeting and was to be preceded by breakfast. As we waited to be served, I perused their latest balance sheet.

 

Indian economy is in a mess, tasks for the next Government


 

As Vaidyanathan notes: Corporate sector which is less than 15% of our National Income gobbles up nearly half of the bank credit…credit needs of unorganized or non-corporate sector are not met by the organized banking sector but by private money lenders etc. The cost of borrowing from private money lenders may be around 70 percent per annum. Small entrepreneurs get credit from money lenders using gold as collateral. FII and FDI account for only 6 to 8 per cent of our investment needs. So,  Vaidyanathan concludes that there is a need for a separate body to develop Non-banking Finance Secor (NBFS). http://bharatkalyan97.blogspot.in/2013/08/how-soniag-upa-killed-indian-economy.html
 
Gurumurthy notes: Current Account Deficit (CAD) has increased from $2.7 billion in 2004-5 to $89 billion in 2012-13. The primary reason is capital goods imports which increased from $25.5 billion in 2004-5 to $91.5 billion in 2012-13. Index of Industrial Production (IIP) has fallen by 56 % during the same period. Current Account Deficits necessitated huge external borrowing which increased from $108 billion in 2004-5 to $396 billion in 2012-13. CADs also meant that India lost its wealth to other nations by providing increased import orders from countries like China.
 
Added to these macro-fiscal data, there has been a problem of corruption of unprecedented magnitude topped by the stashing away of corrupted loot through hawala channels and participatory notes mechanisms in tax havens, thus making the wealth not available to the country’s financial system, while benefiting the coffers of tax haven nations.
 
The level of fiscal and financial management has led to the fall in share market indices and Rupee-Dollar exchange rates have reached abysmal and intolerable levels.
 
In any democratic system, such mismanagement of the economy should have resulted in the dismissal of the Finance Minister and consequent resignation of the Prime Minister. But, strange is the state in India ruled by a person who is not a constitutionally accountable authority – Sonia Gandhi who heads the National Advisory Council and calls the decisions to profligate spending to the tune of Rs. 6 lakh crores per year on schemes such as MNREGA (Rs. 4 lakh crores) or Food Security (Rs. 2 lakh crores). Such schemes are politically justified as effective means of combating poverty. Little attention is paid while authorizing such state-sponsored doll outs, to the increase in productive capacity by increasing the skill matrix of workers or increasing the wealth of the nation. For example, the MNREGA guaranteed employment scheme could have been linked to a project like Interlinking of the nation’s rivers which could potentially add an additional 9 crores of wet land with assured irrigation with assured additions to the nation’s granary of agricultural production and agricultural employment.
Thus, economics are turned upside down in Indian polity. Even the opposition parties have failed in their responsibility to safeguard the nation’s financial resources by dancing to the SoniaG economic tunes by endorsing false promises of the MNREGA or Food Security type schemes.
 
Economics is looked upon as an esoteric discipline which requires smart operators like P. Chidambaram to ‘manage’ the economy. This  results in a serious political failure of the politicians failing to realize what causes the financial mess that the nation finds itself in with the devaluation of the Rupee and with the loss of notional wealth reflected in stock market indices.
 
As Vaidyanathan notes, the saving grace of the economy is that about 60% of the economy operates through unorganized or non-corporate sectors. The serious structural fault-lines of not establishing reasonable credit-lines to these unorganized or non-corporate sectors is a major failure of the state which has to be rectified by the next Government, which hopefully should be a clear alternative to Sonianomics and SoniaG-led UPA riddled with corruption and stashing away of illicit wealth into tax havens.
 
The policy imperatives for the next Government after the Lok Sabha polls are thus clear and unambiguous:
 
1.       Promote projects such as the Interlinking of rivers on a priority basis. Hon’ble SC has not only endorsed the project but also has suggested a monitoring authority to oversee the effective implementation of the project.
 
2.       Ban Participatory Notes.
 
3.       To enable restitution of illicit wealth stashed in tax havens, an ordinance should be promulgated to nationalize such wealth, a measure similar to the nationalization of private banks done by Indira Gandhi. The measure is to meet progressively and serve better, the needs of development of the economy in conformity with national policy and objectives enunciated in the Directive Principles of State Policy.
 
4.       Establish a Special Finance Commission to review the credit needs of unorganized or non-corporate sectors of the economy and to establish a monetary authority to oversee the working of the non-banking finance sector.
 
5.       Review the present system of opening up the nation’s mines to private sector and review the imperative of a Mines and Minerals Development Regulatory Authority on the lines of Telecom Regulatory Authority.
 
6.       Disband the Planning Commission by establishing a Special Economic Development Commission to recommend steps for sustainable increase in the wealth of the nation by productive projects, by disbanding unproductive dole outs of the MNREGA or Food Security type schemes.
 
 courtesy S. Kalyanaraman

 

Indian Rupee down in the dumps


Dear friends

This gives the value of Indian rupee against currencies of some other countries. Indirectly currency of some other countries also comes to our information from it (For those who are not so familiar)

Against Japanese Yen
1 JPY = 0.66 rupees

2. Against Zimbabwe Dollar
1 ZWD = 2.02 rupees

3. Against Thailand Baht
1 Thai baht = 2.02 rupees

4. Against Hong Kong Dollar
1 HKD = 8.23 rupees

5. Against Chinese Yuan
1 CNY = 10.42 rupees

6. Against Malaysian Ringgit
1 MYR = 19.35 rupees

7. Against Singapore Dollar
1 SGD = 49.94 rupees

8. Against New Zealand Dollar
1 NZD = 50.98 rupees

9. Against Australian Dollar
1 AUD = 57.85 rupees

10 Against Canadian Dollar
1 CAD = 61.57 rupees

11. Against US Dollar
1 USD = 63.85 rupees

12 Against Swiss franc
1 CHF = 69.18 rupees

13. Against Euro
1 EUR = 85.24 rupees

14. Against British Pound Sterling
1 GBP = 99.92 rupees