12 Facts About Sikhism That Will Make You Respect It Even More

12 Facts About Sikhism That Will Make You Respect It Even More

“Love me when I least deserve it, because that’s when I really need it.”
– Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji

Sikhism teaches you to follow an unparalleled doctrine of life, many call it an unconventional religion, but the fact that everyone agrees upon is that the Sikhs undoubtedly are a cool lot.

1. It is the World’s 5th largest religion.

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2. There are over 1 million Sikhs in USA and Canada.

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3. It Originated in India, over 500 years ago.

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4. Sikhs do not believe in fasting, Superstitions, Ritualism, Caste System, Smoking and Drugs.

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5. Sikhs Turbans Symbolizes discipline, integrity, humility, and spirituality.

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6. The Gurdwara usually has four doors to show that it is open to all.

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7. Anyone to enter a Gurdwara must cover their head and take their shoes off. Hands are washed and even feet in some places.

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8. There are no chairs in a Gurudwara. Everyone sits on the floor.

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9. The Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, is the only major religious text which contains writings by teachers of other faiths.

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10. Sikhism is the only religion where you find that more than 99% of people do not smoke.

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11. Sikhs do not believe in Heaven or Hell or salvation after death.

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12. There are over 30 million Sikhs worldwide.

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The Great Indian Kingdoms and Dynasties

THE GREAT INDIAN KINGDOMS WHICH NEVER GOT A SIGNIFICANT PLACE IN OUR SCHOOL HISTORY BOOKS first by muslim govt. then by british christian govt. and now by ANTI HINDUU congress govt.

THE GREAT INDIAN KINGDOMS WHICH NEVER GOT A SIGNIFICANT PLACE IN OUR SCHOOL HISTORY BOOKS first by muslim govt. then by british christian govt. and now by ANTI HINDUU congress govt.——

Thanks much Sri Tuli Yashvir. It is a treat to the eyes to see the constructions of India’s great. And the narrative is heartwarming too.

However sought by detractors to cover the chapters of history of India’s golden ages, they still remain vividly in memory of many of our people. Hence even though streets in Delhi are named after Auranbazeb, it is Krishna Deva Raya who is remembered and celebrated in Andhra. Stories of Vikramaditya or King Bhoja catch the imagination of our children. Hope the new government will proceed steadfast in teaching the great Indian kingdoms, how they stood as bulwarks of freedom and civilization, to inspire students to create history likewise , rather than telling lies about lovers of architecture, Mohd Gazni or lovers of art like Shajahan .

Shouts of saffronization should not deter telling the truth about India to children of India. Who knows, they can even bring out even more wonderful things than during the unfettered past.

Best wishes,

G V Chelvapilla


All we ever studied in our history books was all about the glorified history of a very few kingdoms like Mughal Dynasty, Mysore Dynasty and the Delhi Sultanates.

In this article we are trying to bring outthe real legacy of Indian Kings and dynasties under whom India progressed and flourished as a cultural, spiritual and social nation.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netSourceFlickrThe Pallavas ruled the area of Andhra pradesh, Tamilnadu and Karnataka from 275 BCE to 882 BCE with Kanchipuram as their capital.They are famous for their architectural work with rocks which produced marvels like the Mahabalipuram temple and creating the modern formBrahmi script which influenced the genesis of almost all Southeast Asian scripts.

Thailand, Indonasia, Burma and other Southeast Asian Scripts are evolved from Brahmi script which was the Pallavas creation.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netSourcehttp://iyadav.com/The Marathas were a Hindu warrior group who established an empire thatexisted from 1674 to 1818 inthe present day Maharashtra that rose to prominence by establishing ‘Hindavi Swarajya’. They are mainly credited for ending the Mughal rule in India.

Fun & Info @ Keralites.netSourcewikipediaThey ruled almost the whole India with an exception of Andhra and tamil nadu and a part of kerala. They are known to be fierce warriors of small stature who are said to be devoted Hindus and never ate meat.Thanjavur was their capital.

Some of the famous rulers include Chathrapathi Sivaji, Baji Rao 1 andRajaram Chhatrapati.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netSourceThe Vijayanagara Empire lasted for 3 centuries from1336 to 1660 before losing it to the Deccan sultanates. This period is said to be the golden period for the Telugu and Kannada cultures as they have establishedmany monuments across South India and enabled fine arts and literature to reach new heights in Kannada,Telugu, Tamil and Sanskrit, while Carnatic music evolved into its current form.They ruled the whole south India withVijayanagara as their capital city.

Fun & Info @ Keralites.netSrikrishna Devaraya was the famous king of Vijayanagara samrajya. He was a devotee of Lord Venkateshwara and the Diamonds and Gold we see on lord Balaji in Tirumala are mostly his donations.It was known that Vijayanagara kingdom was equal to the rule of Lord Sri ram where people where happy and prosperous. He was called as “Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana”(Lord of the Kannada empire) and Andhra Bhoja.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netSourcewikipediaThis Kingdom lasted for 7 centuries from early 1200s to 1947 surviving every foreign invasion. They are said to be excellent negotiators and tacticians. They formed relations with all their surrounding kingdoms and played their cards wisely. Their capital changed over time but they mainly ruled in the areas surrounding Kochin.


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Sourceexploretelangana.comThe Kakatiyas ruled from1083 to 1323 with orugallu (Warangal) as their capital extending to the whole of Andhra along with a part of Telangana, Karnataka and Tamilnadu. The kakatiya kings are said to be given low importance toCaste system as a social identifier, anyone, regardless of birth, could use thenayakatitle to denote warrior status and the inscriptions suggest that people were not bound to an occupation by birth. This helped them flourish in war and arts alike. Agriculture was encouraged and many tribal people who previously had been nomadic settled as farmers and remained loyal to the Dynasty.

The Warangal Fort, Thousand Pillar temple and the famous Kakatiya Toranam stand as an epitome of the kakatiya legacy.Rani Rudramadevi, the famous queen of the Kakatiya dynasty set path for the Women to lead kingdoms in India as early as 12th century.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netSourceFlickrTheGajapatiswere a medieval Hindu dynastythat ruled over Kalinga (the present day Odisha), large parts ofAndhra Pradesh and West Bengal, and the eastern and central parts of Madhya Pradesh and the southern parts of Bihar from 1434-1541.They wereclaimed to be descendedfromtheSurya Vamsha (Sun Dyanasy)of the Mahabharata

“Gaja” in Oriya means elephant and “Pati” meansmaster. As such, Gajapati etymologically meansa king with an army of elephants.The literature Oriya flourished during this period and there have also been a merging of Oriyan, Telugu and Kannadacultures.They ruled from Mukhalingam of Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh and later moved their Capital to Cuttack.Religious leader Ramanujacharyahad a great influence on the Raja Choda Ganga Deva, who renovated the Puri Jagannath Temple and another king from the dynasty,Narasimha Deva built theSun Temple atKonark which are both Archaeological wonders.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netThe Pandyan dynasty was an ancient Tamil dynasty, one of the three Tamil dynasties, the other two being the Chola and the Chera.No other dynasty in the world has ruled more duration than the Pandyas, if you refer ancient Mahabharata text you can see the name of Pandya King and they have survived till the early British conquest.

Pandyas were experts in water management, agriculture (mostly near river banks) and fisheries and they were eminent sailors and sea traders too.They controlled the pearl fisheries along the South Indian coast, between Sri Lanka and India, which produced some of the finest pearls in the known ancient world.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netThe Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India spanning between300s BCE–1279 CE.Together with the Chera and Pandya dynasties, the Cholas formed the three main Tamil dynasties of Iron Age India, who were collectively known as the Three Crowned Kings.

They mainly ruled the area between the Kaveri and Tungabhadra rivers. Their rule extended out of india when they successfully invaded cities of Srivijaya in Malaysia, Indonesia and Southern Thailand.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netThe SatavahanaEmpire also known as Andhra kingdomwas an Indian dynasty based from Amaravati in Andhra Pradeshwhich is now back as Capital of Andhra Pradesh State. This dynasty extended to Junnarand Prathisthanin Maharashtra during the later years.The territory of the empire covered much of India from 230 BCE onward. History suggests that it lasted about 450 years from 230 BCE to 22- CE.

The Satavahanas are credited for establishing peace in the country, resisting the onslaught of foreigners after the decline of Mauryan Empire.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netThe Hoysala empire was a prominent Southern Indian Kannadiga empire that ruled most of the modern-day state of Karnataka between the 10th and the 14th centuries. The capital of the Hoysalas was initially located at Belur but was later moved to Halebidu.The empire is remembered today primarily for its temple architecture. Over a hundred surviving temples are scattered across Karnataka, including the well known Chennakesava Temple at Belur, the Hoysaleswara Temple at Halebidu, and the Kesava Temple at Somanathapura. The Hoysala rulers also patronised the fine arts, encouraging literature to flourish in Kannada and Sanskrit.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netMagadha was a kingdom which existed right fromby Vedic period. It was born from the Gupta Kingdom and as the story goes, the kingdom was founded by KingJarasandha withRajgir of Bihar as the capital.LaterJarasandha was killed by Bheema in a wrestling duel and Pataliputra (Patna)was choosen as the new capital of this kingdom during the start of Kali Yuga. In the later years this kingdom transitioned intothe celebratedMauryan Empire that spanned almost whole of India.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netTheChalukya dynastywas an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries.They had their capital in 3 cities namelyBadami and Kalyani of Karnataka and Vengi on the river of Godavari. This marks the first time aSouthern India based kingdom took control and consolidated the entire region between the Kaveri and the Narmadarivers.

The rise of this empire saw the birth of efficient administration, overseas trade and commerce and the development of new style of architecture called “Chalukyan architecture”. The Kannada and Telugu literature flourished during their reign.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netThe Maurya dynasty was the superpower of the Iron Age India which existed between320 BC to185 BC. It was founded byChandragupta Maurya in pataliputra and later extended to Afghanistan.During the rule ofAshoka, the Great the kingdom managed to conquer the whole Indian sub continent and rule it as one dynasty. They were credited as the only people who could defeat King Alexander the Great. The Jain and Buddhist cultures flourished during this Kingdom.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netSourcearoundtheglobe.comThe Rajputs are a ancient dynasty that ruleda vast area of the subcontinent whic includeswestern, central, northern India and current eastern Pakistan.

They seem to have risen to prominence from the late 6th century CE and governed the the country with Rajastan as their base.They are credited as one of the very few dynasties who were unmoved from their capital by the Muslim sultanate.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netThe Nanda dynastyoriginated from the region of Magadha in ancient India during the 4th century BC and lasted between 345–321 BCE.At its greatest extent, the empire ruled by the Nanda Dynasty extended from Bengal in the east, to Punjab in the west and as far south as the Vindhyamountains.The rulers of this dynasty were famed for the great wealth which they accumulated. The Nanda Empire was later conquered by Chandragupta Maurya, who founded the Maurya Empire.

The Nandas are described as the first empire builders in the recorded history of India. They inherited the large kingdom of Magadha and expanded it to yet more distant frontiers. To achieve this objective they built a vast army, consisting of 200,000 infantry, 20,000 cavalry, 2,000 war chariots and 3,000 war elephants.


Fun & Info @ Keralites.netThe Gupta Empire which existed at its zenith from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent.This period is called the Golden Age of India and was marked by extensive inventions and discoveries in science, technology, engineering, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and philosophy that crystallized the elements of Hindu culture.Chandra Gupta I, Samudra Gupta, and Chandra Gupta IIwere the most notable rulers of the Gupta dynasty.The Gupta period produced scholars such as Kalidasa, Aryabhata, Varahamihira, Vishnu Sharma and Vatsyayana who made great advancements in many academic fields.

Vatsayana of this kingdom wrote the world famous “Kama Sutra“. One of the greatest inventions ever” 0 “was invented by Aryabhata in their period asShoonya. Imagine world without it now.!

மனதிற்கான மருந்துகள்

மனதிற்கான மருந்துகள்

மனவளக் கட்டுரை

1) செலவுகளுக்கு யோசிக்காதீர்கள். மண்டையைப் பிய்த்துக்
கொள்ளாதீர்கள். உங்கள் தேவைகளுக்கு நீங்கள் செலவழிக்கா
விட்டால் – யார் செலவழிப்பார்கள்? ஆகவே தேவைகளுக்குப்
பணத்தைச் செலவழியுங்கள்.

2. இரசிக்க வேண்டியதை ரசியுங்கள். அனுபவிக்க வேண்டியதை அனுபவியுங்கள். மொத்தத்தில் enjoy பண்ண வேண்டியதை எஞ்சாய் பண்ணுங்கள்

3. முடிந்த அளவு, தான, தர்மம் செய்யுங்கள். பணத்தை வைத்துப்
பிறருக்கு உங்களால் முடிந்த அளவிற்கு உதவுங்கள்.

4.உங்கள் குழந்தைகளையோ அல்லது பேரக்குழந்தைகளையோ,
நீங்கள் செத்தபிறகுதான், உங்கள் பணம் அவர்களுக்குக் கிடைக்கும்
என்கின்ற நிலைமையை, நினைப்பை உண்டாக்கிவிடாதீர்கள்.

5. நீங்கள் செத்த பிறகு உங்களுடைய பணம் என்ன ஆகும் என்றோ
அல்லது உங்களை யார் பாராட்டுவார்கள் அல்லது திட்டித் தீர்ப்பார்கள்
என்ற கவலை எல்லாம் உங்களுக்கு வேண்டாம். அதைக் கேட்பதற்கோ அல்லது பார்ப்பதற்கோ நீங்கள் இருக்கப்போவதில்லை.

6. நீங்கள் கஷ்டப்பட்டு சம்பாதித்து, சேர்த்த பணம் சொத்து எல்லாம்
ஒரு நாள் உங்களை விட்டுப் போகப் போகிறது. அதைத் தடுப்பதற்கும்
அல்லது காப்பாற்றுவதற்கும் நீங்கள் இருக்கப் போவதில்லை. அதை
மனதில் வையுங்கள்!

7. உங்கள் குழந்தைகளுக்காக அதிகம் கவலைப் படாதீர்கள். அவர்களின் வாழ்க்கை அவர்களுடைய தலைவிதிப்படிதான் நடக்கும். அதில் உங்கள் பங்காற்றலுக்கு எந்த வாய்ப்பும் இல்லை. நோ சான்ஸ் ஃபார் யூ!

8. நீங்கள் மாங்கு மாங்கென்று என்னதான் உழைத்தாலும், தினசரி
வாழ்க்கை ஒரே மாதிரி சீராக இருக்காது. தொட்டிலில் படுத்திருந்த
காலத்தில் இருந்து சுடுகாட்டில் படுக்க வைக்கப்படும் காலம்வரை
ஒரே மாதிரி இருந்தால், அதில் சுவாரசியம் எங்கே இருக்கும்?
ஒரு நாள் மகிழ்ச்சியோடு இருப்பீர்கள். ஒரு நாள் மகிழ்ச்சியின்றி
இருப்பீர்கள். எல்லா தினங்களையும் ஒரே மனப்போக்கில் ஏற்றுக்கொள்ளுங்கள்.

”வந்ததை வரவில் வையுங்கள்
சென்றதை செலவில் வையுங்கள்”
அதுதான் கவியரசர் கண்ணதாசன் எழுதிவைத்த மகிழ்ச்சிக்கான

9. எப்போதும் உற்சாகமாக இருந்தால் உங்களுக்கு ஏற்படும் நோய்,
நொடிகள் தானாகவே சரியாகும். உற்சாகத்துடனும் மகிழ்ச்சியுடனும் இருப்பவரை நோய் நொடிகள் அண்டாது!.

10. உங்கள் உறவினர்களையும், நண்பர்களையும் போற்றி வைத்துக்கொள்ளுங்கள். அவர்கள் இல்லையேல் உங்கள்
வாழ்க்கை தனிமைப்பட்டுப் போய்விடும்!

11. மன அழுத்தம் ஏன் ஏற்படுகிறது தெரியுமா? எதிர்பார்ப்பிற்கும்,
நடப்பிற்கும் உள்ள இடைவெளிதான் மன அழுத்தத்தை உண்டு
பண்ணும். அந்த இடைவெளி அதிகமாக அதிகமாக மன அழுத்தமும் அதிகமாகும். ஆகவே எதையும் எதிர்பார்க்காதீர்கள். எல்லாவற்றையும் ஏற்றுக்கொள்ளுங்கள்

12. அடிக்கு அடி, சரிக்குச் சரி, என்ற போட்டி மனப்பான்மையை
உதறித் தள்ளுங்கள். ஒரு நாய் நம்மைக் கடித்தால் அதை நாம் திருப்பிக்
கடிக்க முடியாது. ஆகவே உங்கள் தராதரத்தை, மேன்மையை விட்டுக் கொடுக்காதீர்கள். அடுத்தவர்களுக்கு உதாரணமாக இருங்கள்.
அதுதான் நல்லது.

சுருக்கமாக, எதையும் ஒரு முறைக்கு இருமுறை யோசித்துச்
செய்யுங்கள். புத்திசாலித்தனத்துடன் நடந்து கொள்ளுங்கள்.
நடப்பதை ஏற்றுக்கொள்ளுங்கள். வாழ்க்கை சுவையாக இருக்கும்!

परोपकाराय फलन्ति वृक्षा: परोपकाराय वहन्ति नद्यः।

परोपकाराय दुहन्ति गावः परोपकाराय इदं शरीरम्।


h.gifa.gifr.gifi.gifh.gifa.gifr.gifa.gifn.gifk.gif ( hari krishnamurthy K. HARIHARAN)"

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They Scratch & hurt you, but in the end you are polished and they are finished. ”
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ISRO’s AVATAR – making India proud again

ISRO’s AVATAR – making India proud again

By Lt. General P.C. Katoch Former Director General of Information Systems, Indian Army

On June 7, China conducted the fourth test in 18 months of a hypersonic nuclear delivery vehicle (dubbed WU-14 by the US) is capable of maneuvering during flight while travelling at the edge of space, and so is extremely difficult to shoot down as US missile defenses can only counter ballistic missiles and warheads that have predictable trajectories. But this is about ISRO which is all set to make India proud again by launching its AVATAR – Aerobic Vehicle for Trans-atmospheric Hypersonic Aerospace Transportable Reusable Launch Vehicle. Also being termed AVATAR RLV by some, AVATAR is an experimental unmanned advanced hypersonic space shuttle. This will make India the second country in the world to have reusable spacecraft. As per unofficial sources, the first flight is expected to be launched around July 2015. It may be noted that launching satellites is quite expensive, the cost globally being around US$ 20,000 per kilogram of weight. In sharp contrast, in India satellites launching cost using indigenous launchers has been just US$ 5000 per kilogram. It may be recalled that ISRO’s indigenous Mangalyan cost just US$ 74 million compared to NASA’s own MAVEN Mars orbiter costing around US$672 million. It was also India’s first attempt to reach Mars orbit, second only to Europe’s ESA making it to Mars on its first attempt. But ISRO now has achieved the superlative feat by in developing AVATAR, the revolutionary spacecraft that would dramatically reduce the cost of launching satellites to just US 500 per kilogram. The added feat is that this reusable space transport has been developed taking just six years from conception.

Photo Credit: NAL

The AVATAR is very different from a space shuttle, each being different in terms of technology and technical capabilities. ISRO’s AVATAR is quite different from NASA’s Space Shuttle; in terms of design, engine, maneuverability and overall costs. Unofficial estimates say the overall cost of launching the AVATAR RLV may be 80 to 90 times less, the cost of launching the Space Shuttle being in the region of US$ 1 billion. This incredible saving is because AVATAR does not need to carry its own fuel supply, which also contributes to reducing the overall weight of the spacecraft. NASA’a Space Shuttle uses a liquid hydrogen or liquid oxygen rocket engine whereas the AVATAR uses an air breathing scramjet engine that collects and uses atmospheric oxygen. It is also significant that while the Space Shuttle is semi automatic, the AVATAR RLV is fully automatic.
The development and employment of space-based systems throughout the 1960s and 1980s provides compelling proof that orbital hardware was instrumental for solving the problems of global information support and communications. Such systems have no alternative today as for their functional capabilities, as has been demonstrated in the post 1990’s era. Though the race for weaponization of space is raging clandestinely, space also has numerous peaceful uses. These range from terrestrial resources and environmental mapping, navigation (on land, sea and air), communications, weather forecasting and early warning for natural disasters etc. over 5000 satellites have been launched into space, of which about 10 percent are presently functional and a large number more get launched annually. Satellites provided a host of communications including radio, TV, internet, plus navigation facilities in terms of Global Positioning System (GPS), which have transformed the world we live in. Networking of multiple satellites is an efficient method of sharing communications and lowering the cost of communications, providing better interoperability and data integration. However, without modulations the costs of such communications can be expensive and security breaches can be expected. Then there is also the critical limitation on the raw data sent to the ground with current space communications architecture. Therefore, the requirement is to introduce powerful space-borne processing and compression technology for raw data, which can alleviate the need for expensive and expansive downlinks. A space-based information network backbone can act as the transport network for mission satellites as well as enable the concept of decoupled, shared, and perhaps distributed space-borne processing for space-based assets. US and Russia lead in the development of military space systems, with the US accounting for some 90 percent of world military space spending. After the success of Chandrayan in 2008 and Mangalyan in 2014, latter catapulting India into the elite club of Mars explorer countries, the launch of AVATAR RLS will be another feather in India’s cap. ISRO also has plans for manned versions of the AVATAR RLV. This implies that India would use the RLV for launching humans as well as using it as a supply vessel to a space station in the future. Without doubt, ISRO will continue to make India proud.




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h.gifa.gifr.gifi.gifh.gifa.gifr.gifa.gifn.gifk.gif ( hari krishnamurthy K. HARIHARAN)"

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