Dr Ambedkar said to Nehru on Article 370 “I am (the) Law Minister of India, I cannot betray my country.”


did you know this. another blunder of Nehru



When Nehru directed Sheikh Abdullah to
consult Ambedkar (then Law Minister) to prepare the draft of a suitable article to be included in the
Constitution, Ambedkar refused to oblige.

His words on the occasion are worth their weight in gold:

“You want India to defend Kashmir, feed its people, undertake its all-round development and give Kashmiris equal rights all over the country. But you do not want the rest of India and Indians (to have) equal rights in Kashmir.

I am (the) Law Minister of India, I cannot betray my country.”

Given Ambedkar’s principled stance- not toeing Nehru’s wishes,_Article 370 was got drafted by Gopalaswami Iyengar, a stooge and a State Minister.


__._,_.___

The Health Benefits Of Papaya


The Health Benefits Of Papaya



परोपकाराय फलन्ति वृक्षा: परोपकाराय वहन्ति नद्यः।


परोपकाराय दुहन्ति गावः परोपकाराय इदं शरीरम्।।






0001.gif

om2.gif
h.gifa.gifr.gifi.gifh.gifa.gifr.gifa.gifn.gifk.gif ( hari krishnamurthy K. HARIHARAN)"

” When people hurt you Over and Over think of them as Sand paper.
They Scratch & hurt you, but in the end you are polished and they are finished. ”
"Keep away from people who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great ones make you feel that you too, can become great."- Mark Twain.

யாம் பெற்ற இன்பம்
பெருக வையகம்
visit my blog https://harikrishnamurthy.wordpress.com
follow me @twitter lokakshema_hari
http://harikrishnamurthy.typepad.com
http://hariharan60.blogspot.in
http://facebook.com/krishnamurthy.hari

VISIT MY PAGE https://www.facebook.com/K.Hariharan60 AND LIKE

Brave men fighting at Siachin Heights


FIGHTING AT SIACHEN HEIGHTS

Dear Veterans,

Brave men fighting at Siachin Heights

What every Indian should know About India’s Soldiers Defending Siachen – The Highest Battle Field in The World

The highest combat zone on planet earth, Siachen glacier is one place where fewer soldiers have died on the line duty due to enemy fire than because of the harsh weather conditions.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

For Indian forces deployed in Siachen, it is less of a challenge to watch out for the frail Pakistani forces but to just stay atop this 76 kilometers long glacier at 5, 400 meters altitude (nearly twice the altitude of Ladakh and Kargil) in itself means you have to defy all of your physical, mental and spiritual limits.

You have to be a super soldier, a hero.

And that’s what each one of our soldiers out there at Siachen glacier and on posts at even greater heights really is!

1. In Siachen, you are at the risk of getting a deadly frostbite if your bare skin touches steel (gun trigger, for example) for just over fifteen seconds.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

Merely touching the trigger or gun barrel with bare hands can be a mistake big enough to result in loss of toes or fingers.

For those who don’t know about frostbite – it’s a condition resulting from abrupt exposure to extreme cold that can leave amputation of fingers or toes as the only alternative. In extreme cases, these organs may just fall off.

2. Mountain climbers climb when the weather is at its best; soldiers serve in these treacherous terrains all year round.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

Minus 60 degrees temperature and over 5,000 meters altitude; low atmospheric pressure and oxygen, well, you keep asking for more of it. There’s 10% of the amount of oxygen available in Siachen than it is in plains.

It’s the weather of the kind that us mortals aren’t simply designed to bear. Not for long and not without the great risk of losing eyes, hands or legs. But these men – they do it, every day.

Because every inch of this land belongs to India and they shall not cede it to some untrustworthy neighbors who no longer have a higher ground in Siachen.

3. The human body just cannot acclimatize over 5,400 meters

When you stay at that altitude for long, you lose your weight, don’t feel like eating, sleep disorders come around in no time and memory loss – that’s a common occurrence. Put simply, the body begins to deteriorate. That’s what happens at Siachen.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

Yes, it is tough. But we cannot climb down because we cannot let the Pakistani Army climb up and take high ground.

4. Speech blurring is as obvious as toothpaste freezing in the tube

It’s fiercer than heaviest of gunfire any day. But our soldiers have taken up the challenge nonetheless.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

5. Snowstorms in Siachen can last 3 weeks.

Winds here can cross the 100 mph limit in no time. The temperature can drop well below minus 60 degrees.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

6. Yearly snowfall in Siachen can be well over 3 dozen feet

When snow storms come around, at least two to three soldiers have to keep using shovels (in snow storm). Else, the military post would become a history; in no time.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

7. The 7th Pay commission may consider the unique challenges faced by the army jawans who man the territory all through the year.

They should.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

The forward areas in Jammu and Kashmir including Siachen were visited by the 7th Pay Commission in October, 2014.

8. Soldiers find ways to entertain themselves when they can.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

We are, after all, a cricket crazy nation.

9. Fresh food – that’s rare. Very rare. At Siachen, an orange or an apple can freeze to the hardness of a cricket ball in no time.

Rations come out of tin cans.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

10. Army pilots literally push their helicopters well beyond their optimal performance, every day!

They drop supplies at forward posts located at an altitude of more than 20 thousand feet.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

Army pilots usually have less than a minute for dropping off the supplies at forward posts.

Pakistani army is merely few hundred meters away and so the choppers must fly off before the enemy guns open up.

11. In the last 30 years, 846 soldiers have sacrificed their lives at Siachen.

In case of Siachen, deaths due to extreme climate and beyond-imagination terrain conditions are treated as battle causalities and rightly so.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

In last three years alone, 50 Indian soldiers have died in Siachen. These causalities as per the information made available by Defense Minister in Lok Sabha, were due to the very nature of the place our forces are serving. These soldiers sacrificed their lives on the line of duty while combating the floods, avalanches and floods in Siachen.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

The Body of Havaldar Gaya Prasad from 15 Rajput Battalion serving in Siachen was found after 18 long years.

12. A War Memorial at the Bank of Nubra River has the names of Indian soldiers who laid their lives in Siachen.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

13. Local saying: “The land is so barren and the passes so high that only the best of friends and fiercest of enemies come by.’

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

14. In Siachen, the Indian Army spends as much as 80% of its time preparing soldiers of deployment.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

15. “We do the difficult as a routine. The impossible may take a little longer”

— So reads a plaque at the headquarters of the Indian Army formation responsible for security of the Siachen sector in Jammu and Kashmir.

Things We Indians Should Know About the Life of Soldiers Defending Siachen

May your troubles be less

May your blessings be more

May nothing but happiness come through your door

​fraternity greetings from,​



परोपकाराय फलन्ति वृक्षा: परोपकाराय वहन्ति नद्यः।


परोपकाराय दुहन्ति गावः परोपकाराय इदं शरीरम्।।






0001.gif

om2.gif
h.gifa.gifr.gifi.gifh.gifa.gifr.gifa.gifn.gifk.gif ( hari krishnamurthy K. HARIHARAN)"

” When people hurt you Over and Over think of them as Sand paper.
They Scratch & hurt you, but in the end you are polished and they are finished. ”
"Keep away from people who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great ones make you feel that you too, can become great."- Mark Twain.

யாம் பெற்ற இன்பம்
பெருக வையகம்
visit my blog https://harikrishnamurthy.wordpress.com
follow me @twitter lokakshema_hari
http://harikrishnamurthy.typepad.com
http://hariharan60.blogspot.in
http://facebook.com/krishnamurthy.hari

VISIT MY PAGE https://www.facebook.com/K.Hariharan60 AND LIKE

20 Ways To Recognize A Good Partner


1) They ignore past mistakes

A good partner puts the past in perspective and doesn’t constantly bring up reminders from the past that serve no valuable purpose in the present. Such as something their partner did months or years earlier. Move on!

2) They don’t compare

The partner realizes that each person they date has strengths and weaknesses and refrains from comparing their current partner to their exes – especially unfavorably. Just because an ex was unfaithful does not mean that another partner will be so too.

3) They understand the idea of ‘give and take’

The partner is aware that all relationships need both partners to put in effort. It’s all about balance, about the give and take. If one person does all the taking, the imbalance will lead to problems. The person doing all the giving will end up resentful.

4) They know the importance of time alone

A good partner understands when they need space and a time out. A healthy relationship involves having interests outside the relationship, and spending too much time together can lead to a feeling of suffocation. Again, it’s all about balance.

5) They prioritize communication

The partner places communication as a high priority. Many if not most issues can be worked out if you have the ability to communicate with one another. Being able to talk openly and knowing you will be heard and not ignored or dismissed is vital for the longevity of a relationship.

6) They are straightforward and/or uncomplicated

A good partner doesn’t engage in game playing. They live with integrity and speak up about problems instead of engaging in underhanded tactics such as passive aggressive behavior or withdrawing affection.

7) They are ‘tuned in’

The partner knows their significant other’s ‘love language,’ from acts of service to affection to spending quality time together to verbal expressions to gifts.

8) They are light hearted

A good partner has a good sense of humor, and you can exchange jokes with them and make each other laugh.

9) They are reasonable

The partner has realistic expectations of their significant other. We’re all human and we all make mistakes. A good partner doesn’t have double standards whereby one set of rules applies to them and a different set of rules applies to everyone else.

10) They are self-aware

A good partner understands when they are projecting. Often, we expect others to show strengths that we wish we had. When they don’t, we feel disappointed. Learn to develop these skills in yourself and use your relationship as a way forward to enlightenment and personal growth.

11) They are optimistic

The partner has positive expectations; they expect the relationship to be good and to last and don’t dwell on negatives. Focusing on the bad parts can lead to self fulfilling prophecies.

12) They take responsibility for themselves

A good partner doesn’t expect their significant other to be the only source of happiness in their life. They realize that we are all responsible for our own happiness. A partner is a wonderful bonus but not a necessity in life.

13) They are not emotionally abusive, manipulative or controlling

A good partner treats their significant other with respect by not criticizing them relentlessly, embarrassing them in front of others or trying to control them.

14) They are generous with their time and/or resources

The partner shows empathy and works with you as a team. It’s not all about them, just like it’s not all about you. You work together, and they understand the concept of strength in numbers and are happy to offer support.

15) They are dependable

A good partner is reliable and responsible, always there for you in a crisis if thy are able to.

16) They are supportive

A good partner encourages you to be the best you can be. They do not feel threatened by your success and they naturally bring out the best in you.

17) They put consistent effort into the relationship

A caring, good partner realizes that relationships take work and don’t chug along for ever without putting any effort in. The honeymoon phase is really just that, a phase!

18) They are honest and trustworthy

The partner is trustworthy, say what they mean and would never cheat on you. If they did meet someone else, they would end the relationship rather than deceive you and hurt you by leading you on.

19) They are able to say “sorry”

A good partner is self aware enough to know when they are in the wrong and have no problem with apologizing.

20) They are your best friend

A good partner offers a wonderful friendship. Friendship can hold a relationship together when the going gets tough. If you are friends, the other problems can always be worked out, since friendship provides a solid foundation for a happy healthy relationship.

Of course, we are all human and can’t be good partners 100% of the time. A good partner, however, will possess most of the qualities listed above and will generally be someone who is happy with who they are and how they live their lives. Once self-acceptance established, there is always more to give to others.



परोपकाराय फलन्ति वृक्षा: परोपकाराय वहन्ति नद्यः।


परोपकाराय दुहन्ति गावः परोपकाराय इदं शरीरम्।।






0001.gif

om2.gif
h.gifa.gifr.gifi.gifh.gifa.gifr.gifa.gifn.gifk.gif ( hari krishnamurthy K. HARIHARAN)"

” When people hurt you Over and Over think of them as Sand paper.
They Scratch & hurt you, but in the end you are polished and they are finished. ”
"Keep away from people who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great ones make you feel that you too, can become great."- Mark Twain.

யாம் பெற்ற இன்பம்
பெருக வையகம்
visit my blog https://harikrishnamurthy.wordpress.com
follow me @twitter lokakshema_hari
http://harikrishnamurthy.typepad.com
http://hariharan60.blogspot.in
http://facebook.com/krishnamurthy.hari

VISIT MY PAGE https://www.facebook.com/K.Hariharan60 AND LIKE

குடிநீரை சுத்திகரிக்கும் இயற்கை பியூரிப ையர்கள்!


குடிநீரை சுத்திகரிக்கும் இயற்கை பியூரிபையர்கள்!

செயற்கையாக குடிநீரை சுத்திகரிக்கும் பியூரிபையர்கள் ஆயிரம் வந்தாலும், இயற்கையிலேயே கிடைக்கும் சுத்திகரிப்பான்களுக்கு ஈடு இணை எதுவும் இல்லை. மழைக்காலம் மட்டுமில்லாமல், எல்லாப் பருவக் காலங்களிலும் நீரை சுத்திகரிக்கும் மூலிகைகள் மற்றும் இயற்கை சார்ந்த பொருட்களைப் பற்றி விரிவாக விளக்கினார் சென்னையைச் சேர்ந்த சித்த மருத்துவர் ராதிகா சந்திரபாகம்.

நம் முன்னோர்கள் உபயோகித்த மண்பாண்டமே மிகசிறந்த அளவில் நீரை சுத்திகரிப்பதோடு, நீரை குளிர்விக்கவும் பயன்படுகிறது. இயற்கை தந்த பியூரிபையர்கள் அத்தனையும் நமக்குக் கிடைத்த வரம்.

தேத்தான் கொட்டை:

நீரை அதிகளவு சுத்திகரிக்கும் திறன் வாய்ந்தது தேத்தான் கொட்டை. தேவையான அளவு தேத்தான் கொட்டையை எடுத்து அரைத்து நீரில் கரைத்துவிட வேண்டும். இது நீரில் உள்ள அனைத்து கிருமிகளையும் நீக்கி, தூய்மையான தண்ணீரை தரும். அதோடு, உடல் இளைத்தவர்கள் மற்றும் குழந்தைகளுக்கு ஏற்ற குடிநீர் இது. வீட்டில் கிணறு வைத்திருப்பவர்கள், அரைக் கிலோ தேத்தான் கொட்டையைக் கிணற்றில் கொட்டிவிட்டால் போதும். எப்பேர்பட்ட அழுக்கான தண்ணீரையும் சுத்திகரித்துச் சத்தான நீராக மாற்றிவிடும்.

முருங்கை விதை:

தேத்தான் கொட்டையைப் போலவே முருங்கை விதையும் நீரில் உள்ள பாக்டீரியாக்களை நீக்கி தூய்மையான நீரை தந்து விடும். இரவு படுக்கும் முன் நீரில் போட்டுவிட்டு, காலையில் நீரை வடிக்கட்டி குடித்தால் உடலுக்கு மிகவும் நல்லது.

துளசி:

துளசியில் இல்லாத சத்துகளே இல்லை. மிகச் சிறந்த கிருமி நாசினி. இதைத் தினமும் பருகினால், எந்தவொரு நோயும் நம்மை நெருங்காது.
செப்புப் பாத்திரம்:

உள்ளே ஈயம் பூசப்படாத செப்புக் குடத்தில் நீரை நிரப்பிப் பருகினால், உடலுக்குப் புத்துணர்வு கிடைக்கும். செப்புக் குடம் இல்லாதவர்கள், செப்பு காசுகளைத் தண்ணீரில் போட்டு வைத்துகூட உபயோகிக்கலாம். அலுமினியம் பாத்திரத்தில் நீர் வைப்பதை தவிர்த்துச் செப்பு குடத்தினுள் நீரைவைத்தால், நீரில் உள்ள அத்தனை கிருமிகளையும் அடியோடு நீக்கிவிடும்.

வாழைப்பழத் தோல

வாழைப்பழத் தோலைக் கொண்டு தண்ணீரை சுத்தப்படுத்தலாம் என்பதைச் சமீபத்திய ஆய்வு கண்டறிந்துள்ளது. நீரில் உள்ள நச்சுக்களை வாழைப்பழத்தோல் 90 சதவிகிதம் உறிஞ்சிவிடும். செலவும் குறைவு என்பதோடு, ஒரு வாழைப்பழத் தோலை 11 முறை திரும்பத் திரும்பப் பயன்படுத்தலாம்.

வெட்டிவேர் மற்றும் நன்னாரி:

நீரில் வெட்டிவேர் மற்றும் நன்னாரி வேரைத் துணியில் முடிச்சாகக் கட்டி போட்டு, பின்னர் அந்த நீரினைப் பருகினால் கோடைக் காலத்தில் ஏற்படும் அதிகத் தாகத்தைத் தீர்ப்பதோடு, உடல் வெப்பத்தையும் குறைக்கும்.

-க.பிரபாகரன்



परोपकाराय फलन्ति वृक्षा: परोपकाराय वहन्ति नद्यः।


परोपकाराय दुहन्ति गावः परोपकाराय इदं शरीरम्।।






0001.gif

om2.gif
h.gifa.gifr.gifi.gifh.gifa.gifr.gifa.gifn.gifk.gif ( hari krishnamurthy K. HARIHARAN)"

” When people hurt you Over and Over think of them as Sand paper.
They Scratch & hurt you, but in the end you are polished and they are finished. ”
"Keep away from people who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great ones make you feel that you too, can become great."- Mark Twain.

யாம் பெற்ற இன்பம்
பெருக வையகம்
visit my blog https://harikrishnamurthy.wordpress.com
follow me @twitter lokakshema_hari
http://harikrishnamurthy.typepad.com
http://hariharan60.blogspot.in
http://facebook.com/krishnamurthy.hari

VISIT MY PAGE https://www.facebook.com/K.Hariharan60 AND LIKE

Tamil Nadu ruled by Non Tamilians


http://www.dailypioneer.com/nation/no-real-tamil-speaking-leaders-in-tn.html

No real Tamil-speaking leaders in TN!

Kumar Chellappan

23 December 2014

[The Tamil Nadu BJP is on cloud nine following the two-day visit of party’s national president Amit Shah to Chennai. D Napoleon, the film star-turned-DMK politician joining the BJP in the presence of Shah, was the best thing which has happened to the saffron party in recent times. But there are more things that do not meet the untrained eyes in the internal dynamics of Tamil Nadu politics.]

Since 1969, when Karunanidhi was elected by the then undivided DMK to head the Government following the unexpected demise of CN Annadurai, the party’s life and soul, nobody other than non-Tamils had become the Chief Minister of the State. O Panneerselvam, of course, is a Tamil. But he himself tells everybody that his tenure is only a stopgap arrangement.

Unknown to most people inside and outside Tamil Nadu is the truth thatM Karunanidhi, the self-styled leader of Tamils all over the world,is a Telugu by birth. He is a Telugu born in Tirukkuvalai in Thiruvarur district in the composite Madras Presidency. Whether he likes it or not, Dr Kalaignar (as he wants people to address him Kalaignar is the Tamil for the greatest scholar in arts and literature!) is the descendent of Telugu-speaking parents and his mother tongue is Telugu.

Old timers in Tamil Nadu reminiscence Dr Kalaignar’s friendship with another great son of Andhra Pradesh, who literally over-turned Andhra politics with his slogan, ‘The Telugu pride’, the legendary N T Rama Rao, who took the Congress bastion by storm.

The Tamil pride for which Karunanidhi fights is his way of thanking Tamils for hosting and accepting him.

Tamil Nadu’s tryst with non-Tamil leaders does not end with Dr Kalaignar.

MG Ramachandran, who was ousted by Karunanidhi from the DMK and who succeeded him as the Chief Minister was a Sri Lanka- born-Keralite whose mother tongue was chaste Malayalam.

So long as MGR was alive, Karunanidhi was in political wilderness.

Following the death of MGR, the AIADMK was taken over byJayalalithaa Jayaraman, a Mandya (Mysore)-born Iyengar whose mother tongue is Kannada. But Jayalalithaa speaks Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, English and Hindi with ease and poise.

Others who are in line to occupy the Chief Minister’s chair in Tamil Nadu too are non-Tamils.

Vijayakanth, the DMDK leader, is a Telugu.

The hardcore Tamil nationalist and rationalist Vaiko (whose original name is Vayapuri Gopalasamy,which he changed it to Vaiko as per astrological advise !) too is a Telugu born to Andhra parents.

Vaiko, who was once portrayed as the future Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, though it is doubtful whether he would be able to win an election without the support of the DMK or the AIADMK or the BJP.

The new recruit to the Congress in Tamil Nadu, yesteryear film actressKhushboo, is a Punjabi Muslim.

Rajnikanth, the Tamil matinee idol, about whom the BJP had great hopes and was also projected as a Chief Minister material, is a Mysore born Marathi. This could be the reason why the BJP was interested in projecting the Style Mannan (king of styles) as their leader.

Sunday saw D Napoleon, the DMK strongman from Tiruchirapalli, joining the BJP.Interestingly, Napoleon too is a Telugu Reddiar whose physique speaks volumes about his lineage and pedigree.

And finally about EV Ramasamy Naicker, the founder of the Dravida movement in Tamil Nadu. His biographers state that he was born in a Kannada Balija Naidu family settled in Erode.

But a senior scribe in Chennai who has a passion for drawing out ancestral lineages of politicians, says that EVR is from Andhra Pradesh whose mother tongue was Telugu.

The search for a true Tamil nationalist may take some moretime.to materialise.

A veteran political analyst has found out the reason for the failure of the Vanniyar dominated PMK to make it to the big league.

The party is full of Tamil speaking leaders!

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Who Killed Mahatma Gandhi ? Mystery behind the Assassination


Dear Countrymen
Namashkar
Vande Mataram

SHRI NATHU RAM GODSE WAS ONE OF THE ASSASIN AND NOT THE ASSASIN- UNLESS POSTMORTEM REPORT IS THERE -CAUSE OF DEATH CAN NEVER BE ESTABLISHED.

MAHATMA GANDHI WAS UNHAPPY WHEN WE SPOKE TO HIS SOUL- HE SAYS WRONG MAN HANGED-THE REAL ASSASIN SHUD BE BROUGHT OUT AND HISTORY CORRECTED.

In forensics and popular usage, point-blank range has come to mean extremely close range (i.e., target within about a meter (3-4 ft) of the muzzle at moment of discharge but not close enough to be an actual contact shot).[1]

THE UN ANSWERED QUESTIONS:

THERE ARE NO CUT & STICH MARKS ON THE CHEST-Please seeae4aa7e232fe40860425cb2b0f6cd682.jpg67f2b1fab03821835a098279dbca220d.jpgnathuram-godse-and-mahatma-gandhi.jpg

CONGRESS HAS TO ANSWER LOT OF QUESTIONS WHEN THE CASE COMES UP!!!!!!

1- Why was Nehru in Urgency to get Him Hanged when Kasabs etc hanging dragged for so many years.

2- Mahatma Gandhi was thin and frail man- So when a Person is shot from three feet away/Point Blank Range- the bullet ( fir is silent- Not saying REVOLVER OR PISTOL)- the bullet will LEAVE THE BODY and hit the Person standing Behind and there should have some more casualties or injured person!!!!!!-

3- MAHATMA GANDHI WAS HATED BY THE CHURCH -were they questioned.

Who Killed Mahatma Gandhi ? Mystery behind the Assassination

Who Killed Mahatma Gandhi ? Mystery behind the Assassination

admin
on January 30, 2014 at 10:27 pm
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A Report by Shelley Kasli

After the assassination of Gandhiji, Jawaharlal Nehru said in Parliament: “And today the fact that this mighty person whom we honored and loved beyond measure, had gone because we could not give adequate protection is a shame for all of us…”
Mahatma Gandhi Killed by Assassins Bullet
This is what We discuss today. It is no less shame as then felt by Jawaharlal Nehru than today we should feel. With latest cutting edge technologies, forensic evidences, hundreds eyewitness accounts, years of police surveillance of radicals, accessibility to hundreds of police records; still we cannot conclude who killed him correctly or why they killed him. For last 64 years we discussed many times on many death occasions how great he was or how ideal he was. But today we talk on killing Gandhiji twice. Once with bullets. Next all of us participating for least 65 years in killing the greatest ideologies he fought for. He advocated Gram Swaraj, we centralized entire power, he wanted to empower village youth, we moved towards rapid urbanization, he wanted to ban videshi and develop domestic technologies and innovation, today we say with out foreign technology there is no development, he advocated domestic economic progress, political freedom and participation of every community across India in decision making process, today we say with out FDI nothing can be achieved and are ready to bulldoze political and social freedom of every class before the benefit of FDI countries.
Let us talk today also about the first killing of Gandhi. The physical assassination of Gandhiji 64 years before.
Mahatma Gandhi lying in state at Birla House, New Delhi, before the funeral cortege leaves for the burning ghats on the banks of the River Jumna
All knew Nathuram Godse killed him. But the important aspect in any action whether criminal or civil crime is; 4 share responsibility – kartha, karayita, preraka, anumodaka. All should be punished. But in this case a couple of karthas also were allowed to get free and no information is available on them. Leave alone other three factors. British rulers never wanted the law enforcement agencies to go beyond ‘karthas’. That served their purpose as they were the prime criminals, overseeing criminal enterprise (East India Company) ruling India and plundering and killing Indians. So even if they are defeated they have a way out – legally. They didn’t want any Indian king or kingdom or later governments sue British for the treasure they took from India, for the crimes they perpetuated in India including massacres in Kanpur or Jalianwalabag. Even today British queen refuses to apologize for the above crimes as she claims the karthas are different. They created an elaborate legal system that punishes only doers or karthas who are very low level operatives. As we never changed the British criminal justice system even since we got freedom, till today only karthas/doers goes to jail not the planner of any frauds or criminal offenses in India.
A Sikh priest reciting the scripts from the Gurugranth Saheb, while the body of Mahatma Gandhi, lies in state, covered with a Khadar sheetA Sikh priest reciting the scripts from the Gurugranth Saheb, while the body of Mahatma Gandhi, lies in state, covered with a Khadar sheet
After USA also got Independence from Britain they immediately changed the stupid British law stating that all four should be punished.
Let us come back to the original Jawaharlal question. From whom the protection was needed to Gandhiji ?
Hindu Radicals, Islamic Radicals, Common Indians, British Government that first time tasted defeat in last 100 years or so in a largest battle where no single bullet was fired; or acombination of one or all of the above ? According to what we know every body loved him then and even now.
Crowd at Funeral Procession of Mahatma Gandhi

Before Jan 20 1948

Having known personally Dr.Jagdish Chandra Jain, the Chief Prosecution Witness in the Gandhi murder trial I think I can say that the assassination was a well conceived conspiracy. One has only to read Dr. Jain’s book in Hindi ‘Main Bapu Ko Na Bacha Saka’ and ‘I could not save Bapu’ in English to understand the entire course of the conspiracy.
The-Final-Moments-Mahatma-Gandhi-Assassination
There is the fervent testimony of Prof. J.C. Jain, chief prosecution witness in the Gandhi Murder Trial, which leaves no doubt that, having got a hint of the impending plan to murder Gandhiji from Madanlal, he (Jain) had apprised the then Bombay Government about the plan.
The then Home Minister Morarji Desai promptly informed the central government about the devious plan.
This is before that Madanlal had been involved in the bomb explosion at Gandhiji’s prayer meeting on January, 20,1948 which in any case, should have made the Government aware of the utter seriousness of the information given by Dr. Jain.
What did the Government do on the information so received ? Did it act in time to avert further danger ?
It says at did. The Government’s defense was that whatever information they got from Dr. Jain before January 21, 1948. was conveyed to the authorities in Delhi. And what did the Delhi police do ?
The Delhi magistracy and the Home Secretarial remained ignorant of the statement (as head of the Delhi Police never kept them informed) till the world was staggered by the ‘Hay Ram’ shot on the 30th evening.”
The then current head of Delhi Police was appointed just months before assassination as the serving head in long leave with fever.
The Governor General's Bodyguard heading the procession on the 5.5 mile route through New Delhi to the funeral pyre during the funeral of Mahatma Gandhi.The Governor General’s Bodyguard heading the procession on the 5.5 mile route through New Delhi to the funeral pyre during the funeral of Mahatma Gandhi.

Jan 20 1948

Bomb explosion (premature) in Birla House at a prayer meeting (similar to that of Jan 31)
As mentioned and as planned Madanlal carried his assassination attempt on Bapu on Jan 20 1948 but it failed. Police caught 6 more along with him with bombs guns knives. He was arrested. Nathuram was one among them. Within a day the whole plot of killing Gandhi came to light.
On Jan 22 Delhi police left Madanlal and all others on the pretext that they cannot prove the owner ship of the weapons confiscated from Madanlal or his aides.
Can it happen in India today ? If any one is caught with a weapon on murder charges and taken into custody but left as the weapons could not be tied up to them ?
The slackness of the police becomes all the more inexplicable when one considers the aftermath of the bomb explosion. It is very important to note that Madanlal made a confession overnight to the Delhi Police in which he gave the full details of the conspiracy – names, plotters, financiers, backers. More important still is the fact that the Delhi Police claims to have sent Madanlal’s statement to the Bombay Police by the evening of January 21.
In his memoirs published in the book “The Civil Servant in India” Mr R.N. Banerjee, then Secretary for Home Affairs in the Union Government, has made a reference to this incident. He says: “Both Godse and Apte could have been found and nabbed in one of their two Bombay haunts on the 23rd.
Unfortunately, nobody took any action on this confession statement of Madanlal, and the Delhi Police did not even remind the Bombay police.
The Delhi magistracy and the Home Secretarial remained ignorant of the statement (as head of the Delhi Police never kept them informed) till the world was staggered by the ‘Hay Ram’ shot on the 30th evening.”
The then current head of Delhi Police was appointed just months before assassination as the serving head in long leave with fever.
The ashes of Mahatma Gandhi being carried through the streets of Allahabad before being consigned to the River GangaThe ashes of Mahatma Gandhi being carried through the streets of Allahabad before being consigned to the River Ganga
Heres one important thing that we have to remember. We just got Independence in August just six months before. The country witnessed worst massacres, rapes, plunder of property in centuries. Our political leadership requested Mountbatten to take over military and police services to bring normalcy to the country. So the police intelligence was still in the hands of British.
If there was no co-ordination it was deliberate. If there was mis-communication it was conspiratorial. If even Delhi Home Secretary and home minister were not informed it means British developed radical assassination squads -consistent to their foreign policy- in India in all radical elements be it Muslim or Hindu and used them for a purpose. It was unfortunate that it was done under protection of religion either Islam or Hinduism. So without the highest levels of Mountbatten administration knowing or deliberately blocking the information; it cannot happen. British have every reason to fear that an alive Gandhi can foil their partition plans even post independence. And British were defeated first time in centuries with out a single bullet fired.
Now Godse and Apte are hanged. But what happened to Madanlal ? No body knows ? Why ? Don’t we need to know ?
Vast crowds follow the body of Mahatma Gandhi, as it passes slowly along the funeral route to the immersion ceremony in New DelhiVast crowds follow the body of Mahatma Gandhi, as it passes slowly along the funeral route to the immersion ceremony in New Delhi
This means there are two teams that went to kill him; one on 23 Jan failed then on 31 Jan that went successful.

How many attempts were made on Gandhiji ? Precisely 6 attempts. Still we pretend that someone suddenly was angry for a mere Rs 51 crores given to Pakistan after Independence.

This logic does not even stand because who ever killed Gandhiji should be first angry with British for their mass murders and killings. Like Udham Singh went to kill General Dyer as a revenge for Jalianwalabag. He did not kill the president of Punjabi congress party. Their anger should be on every British who ruled us who took thousands of crores out of India in the name of trade read loot. Their anger should be directed towards Mountbatten who divided the country in to two between cousins causing more than 60 years of misunderstandings and internecine fratricidal infight. But their anger went only against Gandhiji for just a mere Rs 51 crores giving to our cousins, that too on the basis of a forged home ministry letter.

There are few more questions on the aftermath.

The FIR was written in Urdu script and Persian language. One of the witness of Gandhi murder scenario walked to the police station and gave a statement that Gandhiji was killed by Revolver shots – precisely 3 shots. Now immediately after death of Gandhiji there was lot of commotion. No doctors were there no postmortem done ? How can a civilian in the crowd not close to Gandhiji give testimony that 3 bullets were fired that too from revolver ? And Delhi police recorded that as FIR ?
The police sent him back to Birla House and prepared the FIR in Persian and Urdu script and came to Birla House and rather than themselves finding what happened spent next few hours finding the complainant and than read the statement to the complainant and asked him if it was true. The complainant said it was true and police got him sign the FIR.
So way before police investigation, way before forensic evidence gathered way before the culprits nabbed or accepted the crime; the FIR concluded that 3 bullets were fired from revolver.
But the funny thing was the murder weapon submitted to the court was an Italian Bereta – a 0.9 MM pistol. And funnily not one pistol but three pistols were produced but none matched with the wounds on the body.
So the question is the murder weapon – is it a pistol or revolver ?
If it was both then there was a second killer. Who was he (or even she) ?
Because Madanlal failed on the previous occasion, whoever planned Gandhiji’s killing had a back-up to swing in to action who used a different weapon than Godse. Is this the reason why the postmortem report was kept out of reach of Indian people ?
The same FIR was translated in 1999 or so by Kiran Bedi. Now what happened to Postmortem or panchanama reportbased on which the death was concluded. No where to be found for last 64 years ?
It is stranger than fiction. This report was reported missing. Not even a single copy was available.

2009 Postmortem Report

Only after RTI was passed a senior IAS officer Mr. Subramanyam requested the postmortem report in 2009 under RTI. Government never bothered to give the same for 3 years. Only when PM was threatened with a fine of Rs 26000 the copy of the report was sent to him in 2009 March during elections.

2011 Who Killed Gandhi ?

“Who Killed Gandhi?” by Lourenco de Salvador is a Goanese by birth and has settled in Portugal. He is a life-long follower of Gandhiji. The book was printed privately and has been reviewed in a recent issue of the Times Literary Supplement. The book is banned and is unlikely that the book will find entry in India.
Only 10% of the actual evidence and facts gathered in the case of assassination made to the courts and less than 10% of what went to courts were made public. Rest if comes out “there were certain aspects of the trial of Godse which de Salvador thinks partook of the nature of a cover-up exercise” indicating compliance at highest levels. When home secretary and home minister do not know what is happening, then the highest levels here means the British officers and Mountbatten and their henchmen who they used as pawns in the game.
At least after 64 years let us not kill the last ideal of Gandhiji – The very Swarajya the Independence he fought with out firing a single bullet. We are now full speed to sell that under FDI to any foreign country with money. Our industrialists want to create thousands of jobs in west so that their economies can come out of economic crisis and can come back to loot us our hard earned Swarajya. If we rededicate today for this last ideal of Gandhiji at least we would move a step forward in the direction of removing our shame, and paying true homage to our father of Nation.

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